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20 terms

Male Reproduction Pathophysiology

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penis
Organ of copulation and urination in male mammals.
urethra
A channel for urine flow that originates at the bladder and terminates at the glans penis.
prostate
A gland that surrounds part of the bladder and urethra in the male. It secretes and alkaline liquid that is part of the seminal fluid.
testes
two male gonads located in the scrotum that produce spermatozoa and testosterone.
vas deferentia
Muscular tubes that transport spermatozoa from the testes to the prostatic urethra.
epididymis
A coiled tube connecting the efferent ducts from each testicle to its vas deferens.
spermatic cords
...Cords that suspend the testes with the scrotum.
ejaculatory ducts
...ollow tubes that emerge from the ductus deferens to mix spermatozoa and seminal fluid.
seminal fluid
Semen.
urethritis
Inflammation of the urethra.
gonorrhea
A disease caused by Neiserria bacteria that causes urethritis.
prostatitis
Inflammation of the prostate gland usually because of infection.
nongonococcal urethritis
Inflammation of the urethritis because of reasons not associated with Neisseria.
prostatic hyperplasia
...Expansion of the prostate gland.
prostatic specific antigen
A protein produced by the prostate gland that increases when the prostate is damaged as in the case of prostate cancer.
carcinoma of the prostate
...Cancer of the prostate gland.
carcinoma of the testis
...Cancer of a testis.
human chorionic gonadotropin
...A hormone made by the placenta during pregnancy or by neoplastic cells in male testicular tumors.
alpha-fetoprotein
...An antigen in human serum that is produced by human fetuses or is elevated during episodes of cancer of the liver, testes, or ovaries.
human papilloma virus
...A virus that causes warts on epithelial tissue of humans.