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WHAP (ch. 8, & 9)test review
Terms in this set (18)
What is the House of Science? What forms of knowledge did Islam pass on to places like Europe?
Basically a university. astronomical observatory, library, Islam based on algebra, medicine, architecture. Built during Al-Rashid's reign. (A.k.a. House of Wisdom).
What was the struggle that Muslim philosophers had to overcome? What culture did they borrow from?
Muslim philosophers had to combine objective rational knowledge and faith. They borrowed from Greeks- they loved Aristotle.
What is the lingua Franca of the Islamic world? What new language becomes the language of the later Islamic courts?
The lingua France is Arabic. The new language is Persian.
Who invaded Baghdad in 1258 CE? What is the impact of this invasion?
Mongols and Seljuk Turks invade Baghdad. They bring the Abbasid dynasty to an end.
What is the status of women in Islam? How does that change from the original Bedouin culture?
The status of women was higher than in India and China, it wasn't a change from Bedouin culture.
What was the nature of the economy during the Abbasid period? What are some trading towns in the Muslim world?
Abbasid period was economically structured by trade. Trading cities: Timbuktu, medina, Mecca, malacca, (ginjou-?)
How does the problem in succession hinder the Muslim caliphates? Who tries to solve it and is that person successful?
The problem weakened the caliphs. Ahmadi tried to fix it but failed along with the other caliphs. Buyids fixed their problem.
What was the court like during the reign of Harun al-Rashid? What piece of literature tells us about the court?
The court was a nice fantasy life to do whatever like paint, eat. Male decision talked about ok the 'Thousand and One Nights'
Who are the Sufis? What is the impact of their beliefs and actions?
The Sufis were people who were mystic(try new rituals). Acted like missionary bc they ran into people they didn't know and read their knowledge
Describe the Muslim intrusions in India and SE Asia. What were the patterns of conversion?
SHELBY WHAT ARE MUSLIM INSTRUISIONS? Patterns of conversions followed trade. 1st wave-religious and social, 2nd wave- political
What are the regions of Africa as known by the Muslims? What regions are involved in the gold/salt trade?
NW Africa is the Maghreb, NE Africa is the Ifriqiya, East coast is the Zanj. Maghreb involved in gold & salt trade. (Some of Ifriqiya too)
Who are the Berbers? How did they resist, and eventually support, Islamic invasions in Africa and Andalusia?
Berbers were semi nomadic, fierce, warlike, when they lose they concert & lead Muslim forces into Spain(el Indilus)
What are the three western African kingdoms, in order? How are they formed and what influences them the most?
Ghana, Mali, Songhay. Formed around gold & salt, influenced by coming of Islam
Describe the emerging slave trade initiated by the Muslims. How would Europeans alter that trade?
Slave trade was mainly women and children, women were either domestic servants or concubines. Uniks were the men who guarded the women who didn't have testicles so they could bang the women and they had tons of power. Europeans take males out of Africa.
Why is there a reform movement within Islam in Africa? Who are the Almohads and Almoravids?
Reform movement bc Africans weren't practicing Islam the way they should. Almohads:
What is the mixture of cultures on the Swahili coast? Why is the Swahili coast different from other African regions?
Zanj(Suhili coast)- Islam, Christianity(bc Ethiopia), Indian, merchants, Chinese, Indonesian, Bantu(basically everyone). It is different bc it has more cultures, it is connected to Indian trade route
Rise of Abbasids, fall of Umayyads
Fall of Baghdad(Also fall of Abbasids & Seljuk Turk control of Abbasid dynasty)
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