HHSENG3AP - Rhetorical Terms List 2
Rhetorical Devices/Analysis Terms
Terms in this set (20)
in the Toulmin model, this consists of further assurances or data without which the assumption lacks authority.
Appeal to the growing popularity (everybody is doing it)
begging the question
a fallacy in which a claim is based on evidence or support that is in doubt. It assumes to be true that which it hasn't proven, in order to prove something else true. Ex. Giving students easy access to a wealth of facts and online resources allows them to develop critical thinking skills.
a prejudice or preconceived notion that prevents a person from approaching a topic in a neutral, objective way. Typically has negative connotations.
a fallacy in which the argument repeats the claim as a way to provide evidence for or against an assertion. Ex. "You can't give me a "C"; I'm an "A" student."
also called an assertion or proposition, this term states the argument's main idea or position. Differs from a topic or subject in that it has to be arguable.
claim of fact
a claim that asserts something exists, has existed, or will exist, based on data that the audience will accept as objectively verifiable. Ex. The number of suicides and homicides committed by teenagers, most often young men, has exploded in the last three decades.
claim of policy
A claim of policy proposes a change. Ex. Yet one solution continues to elude us, and that is ending the ignorance about mental health, and moving it from the margins of care and into the mainstream where it belongs. --Anna Quindlen
claim of value
argues that something is good or bad, right or wrong. There's a plague on all our houses, and since it doesn't announce itself with lumps or spots or protests marches, it has gone unremarked in the quiet suburbs and busy cities where it has been laying waste. --Anna Quindlen
Five part argument structure used by classical rhetoricians.
Introduces the reader to the subject under discussion
little attention or consideration to a person, matter, or task; originally, the brief time allowed a condemned prisoner to make a confession and receive absolution just before execution
Provides factual information and background material on the subject at hand or establishes why the subject is a problem that needs addressing
usually the major part of the text, includes the development or the proof needed to make the writer's case- the nuts and bolts of the essay, containing the most specific and concrete detail in the text. It generally makes the strongest appeal to logos.
gives opposing reasons and explains how wrong
brings the essay to a satisfying close
a statement of the main idea of the argument that also previews the major points the writer intends to make
A sentence with one independent clause and at least one dependent clause
A sentence with two or more independent clauses
An acknowledgement that an opposing argument may be true or reasonable. In a strong argument, is usually accompanied by a refutation challenging the validity of the opposing argument.