33 terms

APUSH Ch 27 (Waging Global War 1939-1945)

1939 Germany invades Poland
WWII begins
1939 Soviet Union Invades
1940 Germany conquers
the Netherlands, Belgium, France, Denmark, Norway, and Luxembourg
Tripartite Pact
Signed between the Axis powers in 1940 (Italy, Germany and Japan) where they pledged to help the others in the event of an attack by the US
Selective Service Act
(FDR) 1940, first peace time draft, 21 through 35 years old
Lend-Lease Act
allowed sales or loans of war materials to any country whose defense the president deems vital to the defense of the U.S
Fair Employment Practices Committee ; investigated charges of discrimination in army or work places
1941 Germany invades
the Soviet Union
December 7, 1941
Japanese attack on pearl harbor
December 8, 1941
United States enters WWII - declared war on Japan
War Powers Act
Notify Congress within 48 hours of deploying troops; had to gain congress' approval to stay longer than 90 days; designed to curtail President's power
Battle of Coral Sea
Fought on May 7-8 1942; Caused heavy losses on both sides; Japanese won a tactical victory because they sank US carrier Lexington; Americans claimed a strategic victory by stopping Japan's drive towards Australia
Battle of Midway
U.S. naval victory over the Japanese fleet in June 1942, in which the Japanese lost four of their best aircraft carriers. It marked a turning point in World War II.
Internment of Japanese Americans
1942 forcible relocation and internment of approximately 110,000 Japanese nationals and Japanese americans to housing facilities called "war relocation camps", in the wake of Imperial Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor. Then justified as a security measure, but has been since deemed unjustified
Revenue Act 1942
increase individual income tax rates, corporate tax rates, and created witholding system, the income taxes with held from check
Operation Torch
Codename for allied invasion of North Africa from Novermber 1942 to September 1943
1942 Congress of Racial Equality
Battle of Stalingrad
a 1942-1943 battle of World War II, in which German forces were defeated in their attempt to capture the city of Stalingrad in the Soviet Union thanks to harsh winter --; turning point of war in Eastern Europe
Smith-Connally War Labor Disputes Act
Act of 1943 that authorized the government to seize plants useful to the war. It was created after coal miners went on strike in 1943 led by John l. Lewis
1943 Race Riots
In Detroit and Los Angeles
1943 Allies invade
The Big Three
FDR, Winston Churchill, Joseph Stalin
1943 The Big Three meet in
Operation Overlord
the code name for the Allied invasion of Europe at Normandy on June 6, 1944; also known as D-Day
GI Bill of Rights
Also known as Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944 gave money to veternas to study in colleges, universities, gave medical treatment, loans to buy a house or farm or start a new business
Battle of the Bulge
December, 1944-January, 1945 - After recapturing France, the Allied advance became stalled along the German border. In the winter of 1944, Germany staged a massive counterattack in Belgium and Luxembourg which pushed a 30 mile "bulge" into the Allied lines. The Allies stopped the German advance and threw them back across the Rhine with heavy losses.
1945 The Big Three meet in
Battle of Iwo Jima
lasted 6 weeks, several thousand marines, and more than 20,000 Japanese soldiers were killed, this battle is also notable for the famous photograph of US marines lifting the American flag to a standpoint
Battle of Okinawa
Allied victory over Japan on an island 350 miles from mainland Japan; March-June 1945
1945 at home
Roosevelt Dies, Harry S. Truman becomes president
Germany Surrenders
V-E day
May 8, 1945
the place at which the three allied leaders, Truman, Stalin, and Atlee, met to discuss the distribution of Germany and the ultimatum that they would issue to Japan demanding thier immediate surrender
Japan Surrenders
V-J Day, September 2, 1945 aboard battleship Missouri in Tokyo Bay