Upgrade to remove ads
Govt Exam 2
Terms in this set (152)
Which of the following groups is NOT strongly represented within the Democratic Party in Texas?
Most Texas Democrats today would be classified as
The latest new party formed in the United States in an election year was
natural law party
One of the reasons why party politics in Texas differs from that of other southern states is because
other states have historically larger African American populations
In modern-day Texas, control of state government
lies solely in the hands of the Republicans
According to experts in the video Texas Political Parties , the Republican and Democratic parties in Texas will be challenged in the future by the:
Which political party would be more likely to include this statement in their party's platform: "We believe the minimum wage must be raised, enforced, and applied meaningfully across-the-board to restore lost purchasing power for all workers."
The Occupy movement is a political movement interested in limiting the influence of________ in American politics.
Wall Street and big businesses
Texas requires parties that did not get 5 percent of the vote in a previous statewide race to do all of the following EXCEPT
Form 3rd parties in the spring of the election years and form the intent form
All of the following are principles generally supported by the Tea Party movement EXCEPT
Most of Texas's African American population is concentrated in all of the following areas EXCEPT
Suburban Dallas and Houston
Which demographic group has the largest percentage share of voters in Texas?
The Latino movement known as La Raza Unida occurred during the
According to the video Texas Political Parties , the change from a state dominated by one political party to a two-party system is the result of:
________ is a system of representation that encourages third-party voting because it allows each political party representation in proportion to its percentage of the total vote.
A group of individuals who join together to seek public office in order to influence public policy is known as a(n):
The ________ movement was a movement during the 1950s in which conservative Democrats in Texas supported Republican candidate Dwight Eisenhower for the presidency because many of those conservative Democrats believed that the national Democratic Party had become too liberal.
The demographic changes in Texas makes the state more similar to its southern neighbors because the Texas
Democrats will become more minority and less white
The most important role for political parties in Texas elections is to
offer a candidate a label by which they can identify with voters
According to the video Texas Political Parties, from the end of Reconstruction in 1874 until the 1960s Texas was a one-party state dominated by:
Yellow Dog Democrats
Which party dominated Texas politics throughout most of the twentieth century?
How is a county chairperson for the Democratic or Republican Party selected?
elected by party voters in the county
When intraparty disputes split members into different groups, these groups are referred to as
Latinos currently represent ________ percent of the Texas population.
Bifactionalism, in the context of Texas politics, refers to:
the division of the Texas democrats into liberals and conservatives
It is the responsibility of the _________ to recruit candidates, raise funds, register voters, and turn out voters on Election Day.
The degree to which members of the Texas Republican Party have become more conservative and members of the Texas Democratic Party have become more liberal is referred to as
________ believe that they can have more influence in state politics if they become a force to be reckoned with within the Republican Party.
Tea Party members
Why have political pundits in Texas been asking when Texas will "turn blue"?
the ongoing dominance of the republican party and the state's minority growing population (increasingly Latino)
The Democratic Party in the state shrank to become the minority party when
The ________ convention is a meeting held by a political party following its precinct convention for the purpose of electing delegates to its state convention.
The main role of the precinct conventions is to select delegates to the ________ and possibly to submit resolutions that may eventually become part of the party platform.
Which movement has had the largest impact on state legislative races in recent years?
Tea Party Movement
State and local party organizations do all of the following EXCEPT
litigate against unfavorable policies
Which statement best describes the current party balance in Texas?
The republican party dominates Texas politics
The structure of a political party's permanent party organization is comprised of which components?
Precinct chairpersons, county executive committee, district executive committee, and state executive committee
Which of the following third-party movements had the most success in winning elections in the post-World War II era?
La Raza Unida
The pattern, beginning in the 1950s, of Texans voting for a Republican president but sticking with conservative Democrats for state offices is called
Although the Democratic Party dominated state politics for much of the twentieth century, by the 1950s it faced internal divisions between ________ and ________ Democrats.
By about the 1940s, a split between liberal and conservatives developed in the Democratic Party that focused on
New Deal economic policies and civil rights measures
Which of the following groups is NOT strongly represented within the Republican Party in Texas?
Today, the Texas Democratic Party's base is made up of all of the following EXCEPT
Whites in east Texas
Which political party would be more likely to include this statement in their party's platform: "We demand the immediate repeal of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, which we believe to be unconstitutional."
Texas Democrats have been relegated to a minority status at the state level since
Why are moderates in Texas' Republican Party concerned about the increasing dominance of evangelicals or right wing conservatives within the party?
Why was the Texas Voter ID bill subject to review by the federal government before it could become law?
Early voting in Texas has been shown to produce ________ in voter turnout.
In Texas elections, the ________ play(s) the largest role in running campaigns.
In what case did the Supreme Court rule that a key section of the Voting Rights Act was unconstitutional, which affects a key provision requiring Texas to have its new districts approved by the U.S. Department of Justice?
Shelby County v Holder
Which statement concerning women's suffrage is correct?
Women were permitted to vote in all elections in Texas with the ratification of the 19th Amendment to the US Constitution
A ________ was a tax charged to voters as a prerequisite for registration.
One possible solution to reforming redistricting in Texas is to
take the process away from legislature
The procedure by which certain states, such as Texas, are required to obtain approval every time they make changes to districts is called
Historically, Texans rank in the ________ in terms of national voter participation.
Approximately what percentage of the state's voting-age population is registered to vote?
According to political scientist Daniel Elazar, Texas's political culture is traditionalist and
Early voting increases the polling period from 12 hours to
Running for office within Texas is very expensive because candidates feel that they must rely on __________ to get their message across.
"all the others"
Successful candidates for statewide office in Texas have traditionally been:
In Texas, the ________ Party usually experiences higher voter turnout than the ________ Party.
The elections that generate the highest level of voter turnout in Texas are:
The Voting Rights Act has been renewed several times since 1965, and new provisions have been added since then. For example,
bilingual ballots are now required in certain areas where more than 5% of voters speak another language
The poll tax was made illegal in federal elections in ________ but remained legal in state elections in Texas until ________.
Why should it matter who is elected governor?
"all of the above"
The most important federal law involved in the expansion of the franchise in Texas was the
Voting Rights Act of 1965
For an independent candidate to get on the ballot in Texas, which requirement must they meet?
they must gain petition signatures from registered voters who did not previously participate in any political party primary election
An election in Texas held at a time outside the normal election calendar is called a:
Which offshoot Democratic party preselected candidates for the Democratic primary and prohibited African Americans from participating?
The Jaybird Party
The Motor Voter Act of 1993
allows citizens to register to vote while applying for a driver's license.
Texas was the first state in the South to
elect a black governor
Which of the following was NOT regularly used in Texas as a method of disenfranchising many minorities before the 1960s?
Ratify the women's suffrage amendment
The poll tax was made illegal in federal elections with the passage of the
Which of the following is a factor in determining whether a Texan will go to the polls on Election Day?
The Texas primary system is best described as:
"to select a party's candidate for the general election"
The State of Texas argued that enforcement of the Texas Voter ID law should not be blocked by the U.S. Department of Justice because:
the US Supreme Court upheld similar photo ID requirements in other states
During the 1990 Texas gubernatorial campaign, opponents accused candidate Ann Richards of illegal drug use. This is an example of:
Which election is won by the candidate with the most votes, regardless of whether the candidate has a majority of votes cast?
plurality rule voting
Which of the following is NOT a requirement to vote in Texas?
being a resident of Texas for 1 yr
What is the purpose of a primary election?
to select a party's candidate for the general election
Kinky Friedman and Carole Keeton Strayhorn ran for governor as ________ in 2006.
Wendy Davis had an uphill battle to win the Texas governor's race because
her personal story was inconsistent
Highly partisan legislation passed in 2011 now requires Texans to
provide photo identification when voting
The poll tax disenfranchised
In Texas, primary elections are usually held in
Campaigns attempt to reach voters through all of the following EXCEPT
THEY DO: print and electronic media, the mail, door-to-door campaigning, speeches to large and small groups, coffee hours, and telephone solicitation
The purpose of a(n) ________ is to allow any registered voter to cast a ballot in either primary, but not both. There are no party restrictions.
The two most important factors that determine whether someone votes are
education and income
Which of the following Texas officials in NOT elected in an at-large election?
As illustrated in the video The Battle Over Tort Reform, which of the following is NOT a form of lobbying?
What do interest groups want from policy makers?
policy that is beneficial for their group
Which of the following interest groups are the MOST powerful in Texas?
Organized labor groups, such as the Texas AFL-CIO, are MOST likely to favor which of the following policy goals?
The political system in which power is distributed among multiple groups is called:
Unlike private citizens involved in politics, better-funded interest groups have several advantages EXCEPT
Texas has ________ laws dealing with lobbying by former government officials.
Which political action committees spend the least amount of money in Texas elections?
As in the U.S. Congress, most campaign contributions in Texas go to
Interest groups are often powerful in states
dominated by one party
Which one of the following activities is an example of "grassroots mobilization"?
emailing an elected representative
Scandals about the "steak men," Bo Pilgrim, and Gib Lewis resulted in
the creation of a state ethics commission
When individuals or interest groups take out ads concerning a campaign issue but do not tie them directly to any particular candidate it is called
The largest and most effective public employee interest group in Texas is made up of
According to experts in the video The Battle Over Tort Reform, which of the following is the primary reason interest groups can influence the judicial process in Texas?
Which interest is NOT represented in a list of the top interest groups in Texas?
Texans Advocating for Meaningful Student Assessment enabled people to join together and seek policy change in a number of ways EXCEPT by
successfully removing the end-of-year course exam
Which of the following is NOT a typical threat to an incumbent running for re-election?
the greater fund-raising opportunities of challangers
What are the top two reasons Texans give for NOT voting?
-Busy/ Conflict with work
-Vote doesn't mater/ won't change outcome
The term "revolving door" refers to which of the following?
law makers who join interest groups
Texas trial lawyers frequently ally with
Consumer interest groups
The power of "the Establishment," a coalition of Anglo businessmen, oilmen, bankers, and lawyers who controlled state policy during the 1940s and 1950s, supports the _______________ view of Texas politics.
Which of the following is the best example of a public interest group?
How do interest groups differ from political parties?
interest groups seek to influence public policy
According to the video The Battle Over Tort Reform, which of the following interest groups advocated FOR placing limits on the monetary damages that could be awarded in lawsuits in Texas?
The growing number of interest groups that represent a wide assortment of economic, cultural, and social issues supports the ___________________ view of Texas politics.
Individuals are most likely to successfully lobby government when they
are not challenged by powerful, organized interest groups
One major way for interest groups to promote the political interests of elected officials who support their viewpoints and oppose the interests of those who do NOT is by engaging in
As illustrated in the video The Battle Over Tort Reform, why was the alliance between the Texas Medical Association and the Texans for Lawsuit Reform beneficial to passing tort reform?
The Texas Medical Association is best described as what kind of interest group?
One important way for interest groups to gain access to those in Texas government is to employ ________ as lobbyists.
former legislators and govt officials
The practice of combining several individual campaign contributions into one larger contribution from a group in order to increase the group's impact is known as
What was the problem Speaker Sam Rayburn identified with the "steak men" at the beginning of the twentieth century?
they were legislators who would "sell" their votes on a bill for free steak dinners
What is the function of EMILY's List?
It provides early campaign funding for female candidates.
What type of interest group would likely support policies that would require stricter air quality standards in Texas?
public interest ---
Which of the following is NOT a common way for interest groups to gain access to politicians and policy makers?
running for office themselves
The political system in which power is concentrated in the hands of a relatively small group of individuals or institutions is called:
________ was the former Texas Speaker of the House who was indicted for taking an illegal gift from a law firm that specialized in collecting delinquent taxes for local governments.
The 8F Crowd was
a loose but influential group of Texas businessmen
Which of the following is NOT a description of an interest group?
typically active only at the national level of govt
On average, incumbents in the Texas House of Representatives are able to fund-raise ________ challengers.
twice as much
What did Lonnie "Bo" Pilgrim do in 1989?
He distributed $10,000 checks to state senators while lobbying them on a bill
Which is NOT a reason for forming a political action committee?
candidates are more likely to allow political action committees to purchase media access during election season
A private group that raises and distributes funds for use in election campaigns is called a(n)
political action committee
As illustrated in the video The Battle Over Tort Reform, literature distributed in doctors' offices publicizing the benefits of tort reform is what type of interest group strategy?
The limit on the amount of campaign contributions a political action committee (PAC) can give to a candidate for Texas legislature is:
According to the Measures of Texas Civic Health, ________ percent of Texans have either contacted or visited a public official, ranking Texas ________ among the states.
Which statement describes the central purpose of political parties?
seek to control government by winning elections and holding public office
Political parties generally represent certain __________ and interests in society.
We trust the women of Texas to make personal and responsible decisions about when and whether to bear children, in consultation with their family, their physician, personal conscience or their God, rather than having these personal decisions made by politicians.
We support adoption of American English as the official language of Texas and of the United States.
We pledge our influence toward a return to the original intent of the First Amendment and toward dispelling the myth of separation of church and state.
We believe that capital punishment should not be used in any circumstances, regardless of the nature of the crime.
Stronger state environmental protection, regulation, and enforcement is essential to preserve our quality of life and secure long-term economic growth.
We believe theories of life origins should be taught as challengeable scientific theory subject to change as new data is produced, not scientific law.
To protect our rights and freedoms, we support the repeal of discriminatory laws and policies against members of the gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender community.
We urge the Legislature and Congress to repeal all laws that infringe on the right to bear arms, and to reject any monitoring of gun ownership, and all specific taxation or regulation of guns and ammunition.
Our party supports the strong enforcement of the James Byrd, Jr. Memorial Hate Crimes Act and the federal Matthew Shepherd Hate Crimes Prevention Act.
We urge passage of health care reform which results in more affordable healthcare through a market-based, competitive, open and transparent health care system, including tort reform, interstate competition and genuine accountability and oversight, where American families chose their own doctor and health care plans.
We support empowering state and local law enforcement agencies with authority and resources to detain illegal immigrants.
To improve wages and working conditions, we believe the minimum wage must be raised, enforced, and applied across-the-board to restore lost purchasing power of all workers.
We encourage the governor and the Texas legislature to enact child-centered school funding options - which fund the student, not schools or districts - to allow maximum freedom of choice in public, private or parochial education for all children.
We recommend that the state of Texas levy a state income tax on individuals and corporations to fund revenue shortfalls in child health care and education programs.
We believe that rights belong to people - not groups. Therefore, we reject the notion of group-rights and policies that grant preferences based on race or gender.
Sets with similar terms
PoliSci Chapters 12, 13, 14
Texas Government Final Exam Continued
CH 7-9,16-25 &25
Texas Government 2306 - Quizzes 4-6
Other sets by this creator
Chapter 3 &4
Other Quizlet sets
HDFS 2010 - Chapter 8
Topic 1: 3. The Nature, Existence and Persistence…
History Quiz 2