DSM 5 - Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders
DSM 5 (Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), body dysmorphic disorder, hoarding disorder, trichotillomania (hair-pulling disorder), and excoriation (skin-picking) disorder)
Terms in this set (8)
obsession (DSM 5 definition)
are defined by (1) and (2): 1.Recurrent and persistent thoughts, urges, or images that are experienced, at some time during the disturbance, as intrusive and unwanted, and that in most individuals cause marked anxiety or distress. 2. The individual attempts to ignore or suppress such thoughts, urges, or images, or to neutralize them with some other thought or action (i.e., by performing a compulsion).
compulsion (DSM 5 definition)
are defined by (1) and (2): 1. Repetitive behaviors (e.g., hand washing, ordering, checking) or mental acts (e.g., praying, counting, repeating words silently) that the individual feels driven to perform in response to an obsession or according to rules that must be applied rigidly. 2. The behaviors or mental acts are aimed at preventing or reducing anxiety or distress, or preventing some dreaded event or situation; however, these behaviors or mental acts are not connected in a realistic way with what they are designed to neutralize or prevent, or are clearly excessive.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
recurrent obsessions or compulsion that are severe enough to be time consuming or cause marked distress or significant impairment.
With good or fair insight: beliefs are definitely or probably not true or that they may or may not be true.
With poor insight: beliefs are probably true.
With absent insight/delusional beliefs: completely convinced that obsessive-compulsive disorder beliefs are true.
Tic-related: The individual has a current or past history of a tic disorder.
Body Dismorphic Disorder
preoccupation with an imagined or trivial defect in appearance that causes clinically signifigant distress or impairment in social, occupational or other important areas of functioning
Persistent difficulty discarding or parting with possessions, regardless of their actual value; Attempt to avoid distress by not discarding the items; Accumulation impairs functioning
Disorder characterized by recurrent pulling out of the hair resulting in noticeable hair loss; these individuals report tension immediately before or while attempting to resist the impulse, and pleasure or relief when they are pulling out their hair
Recurrent skin picking, resulting in lesions; Repeated attempts to decrease or stop skin picking