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62 terms

Ch. 22

STUDY
PLAY
the formula that indicates the composition of the drug
Select the phrase that best describes the medication's chemical name.
established when the drug is first manufactured
What is the generic name for a medication?
common name given of the drug
Which of the following is NOT true of the medication's brand name?
intramuscular, intradermal, intravenous
The group that best represents parenteral medication administration.
provide pain relief
The phrase that best describes the effect of analgesics
stop or control growth of microorganisms
What is the purpose of antibiotics?
completely eliminate sensitivity
Why are anesthetics primarily used?
the formula that indicates the composition of the drug
The phrase that best describes a medication's chemical name.
established when the drug is first manufactured
What is the generic name for a medication?
common name given of the drug
What is NOT true of a medication's brand name?
true
A local effect is a response to a medication that is confined to a specific part of the body. True or False
false
Drug action describes the change that takes place in the body as a result of the drug action. True or False
false
The drug effect occurs when the drug achieves the intended body response. True or False
true
Drugs classified as Schedule I are not considered legitimate for medical use in the United States. True or False
false
Drugs classified as Schedule III have a small potential for abuse or addiction. True or False
true
Drugs classified as Schedule II must have a written prescription for every refill. True or False
true
contraindications are circumstances under which a medication should not be taken. True or False
false
The therapeutic dose of a medication is the same for every patient. True or False
true
Diuretics increase urine secretion. True or false
true
Controlled substances are drugs that have abuse potential. True or False
false
Potentiation describes how a drug produces changes within the body. True or False
false
The abbreviation "q.i.d." means every hour. True or False
false
The abbreviation "ad lib" means to take a medication "as needed". True or False
true
In the physician order "Centrum tab q.a.m." means every morning. True or False
a life-threatening, hypersensitive reaction
How is an anaphylactic shock best described?
unexpected and potentially harmful
How are adverse reactions defined?
study of poison detection, effect, and treatment
What is the best definition of toxicology?
b.i.d.
Which abbreviation directs the patient to take the medication twice a day?
p.c.
The abbreviation that indicates after meals.
a.c.
The abbreviation that indicates before meals.
Hospital Formulary
What lists all the drugs stocked in a hospital pharmacy?
Physicians' Desk Reference
Where can information about a drug that is paid for and provided by the drug's manufacturer be found?
potentiation
Interaction of two drugs so that one prolongs or multiplies the effect of the other.
tolerance
repeated doses that decrease the response of the drug
beta-blocker
A drug that blocks the action of epinephrine at certain sites.
sedative
A drug that soothes or tranquilizes a person
hormones
Drugs that simulate naturally occurring hormones such as androgens, estrogens, progestins, and thyroid
diuretics
Drugs that increase urine secretion
contraindication
A special symptom or circumstance that indicates that the use of a particular drug or procedure is dangerous or not advised
anesthetic
A drug agent that partially or completely numbs or eliminates sensitivity with or without loss of consciousness
antihistamines
Drugs that block the action of histamine, a substance that cause allergic reactions
cumulation
This occurs when a repeated dose is given before a previous dose has been completed excreted
hypnotics
Drugs used to induce sleep
antiemetic
Drugs that prevent or relieve nausea and vomiting
antitussive
Drugs that relieve coughs
in the mouth next to the cheek
A buccal medication is one that is placed
as needed
If an antitussive is prescribed to be taken "p.r.n.", when should it be taken?
Tab
tablet
p.o.
by mouth (per os)
t.i.d.
three times a day
a.c.
before meals
Tylenol
an analgesic to relieve pain and is acetaminophen
Aleve
anti-inflammatory to counteract inflammation in the body and is naproxen sodium
oral
tablets, capsules, syrups
rectal
suppositories
inhalation
sprays, mists, steam vapor
topical
lotions, creams, ointments
Buccal
tablet
vaginal
suppository, cream, foam, tablet
transdermal
adhesive backed disk
intradermal
skin testing for allergies
intramuscular
antibiotics