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2306 psych chapter 7 review
Terms in this set (64)
Sexually transmitted infections
________ are a group of viral, bacterial, and other infections that are spread primarily by sexual behaviors.
400 African American men who tested positive for syphilis
The participants of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study were ________.
did not tell the participants that they were infected with syphilis
If Dr. Johnson was a researcher with the Tuskegee Syphilis Study, more than likely he ________.
How many new cases of STIs are diagnosed in the United States each year?
How many people are infected with HIV worldwide?
Particularly with women, many STIs are ________.
actually increases the spread of STIs in teens
Programs that teach teens only abstinence have been found to create an environment that ________.
People cannot get an STI the first time they have sex.
Which of the following is a common myth about STIs?
alcohol myopia theory.
This theory suggests that while under the influence of alcohol, people are more likely to focus on immediate, "feel-good" behaviors and discount the more distant, long-term consequences of the activity.
In her health class, Joyce learns that kissing poses a risk for which of the following infections?
moderate to high
The risk level associated with contracting herpes, genital warts, and pubic lice while having vaginal intercourse with a condom is ________.
Viral STIs are ________.
Herpes simplex virus type 1 is most often the cause of ________.
Abby is diagnosed with an STI. Her symptoms consist of painful sores and blisters in her anal and vaginal area. Abby most likely has ________.
Approximately 1in ________ people between the ages of 16 and 49 is currently infected with genital herpes in the United States.
An estimated ________ of those currently infected with HSV-2 have never noticed any signs of the virus and are unaware they are infected.
clusters or crops of small painful blisters in the genital area
The primary symptom of the genital herpes infection is ________.
itching, burning, and pain in the initial outbreak area
Which of the following are the prodromal symptoms of genital herpes?
Herpes is transmissible whether or not sores are present.
What does the current research say about the transmission of herpes simplex virus type 2?
Viral particles can shed during times when there is no sign of infection.
Which of the following is an accurate statement regarding viral shedding?
Lois is diagnosed with genital herpes. What would be the recommended treatment?
medication used to reduce or prevent herpes breakouts
What are antiherpetics?
human papilloma virus
Earl has been diagnosed with a sexually transmitted infection. His symptoms consist of warts in his genital and anal area. What is Earl's diagnosis?
Certain types of the human papilloma virus cause ________ cancer.
The CDC estimates that ________ million people in the United States alone are currently infected with genital HPV.
If Sam is typical of most sexually active Americans, his chances are 1 in ________ that he will contract HPV in his lifetime.
1 to 2 years
Most HPV infections will be cleared by the body within ________ and not cause any serious additional health problems.
between 21 and 29, pap tests should be done every two years
According to the American Cancer Society and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, ________.
At least how many strains of hepatitis are found in humans?
Josie contracted hepatitis by sexual transmission. Most likely, Josie has which of the following strains of hepatitis?
Which organ does hepatitis B primarily affect?
The most noticeable symptom of hepatitis B is ________.
a potentially serious liver disease that may lead to liver cancer
Jonathon has hepatitis B. As a result of his diagnosis, he developed cirrhosis of the liver. What is cirrhosis of the liver?
1 to 4 months
In Erica's health class, she learned that the incubation period for hepatitis B is ________.
Which of the following sexually transmitted infections is a pandemic?
Tommy's elementary school teacher was pleased to discover that he knew that the virus that causes AIDS is called ________.
Although HIV and AIDS were not recognized until the early 1980s when the infection first appeared in the United States, current research suggests they have been present in humans since the ________.
that attacks individuals with weakened immune systems
An opportunistic infection is a disease ________.
A few cases of a rare form of pneumonia had been diagnosed among gay men.
How did scientific awareness of HIV begin in the U.S.?
Amanda's class is studying AIDS. She learns that as of the end of 2009, the prevalence of AIDS cases in the United States was estimated to be ________.
Sophia is surprised to learn that a high percentage of new HIV infections are among people of her race/ethnicity. In fact, nearly 50 percent of new HIV infections are among ________.
the feeling of being fed up with always practicing safer sex behaviors
Researchers attribute the recent rise in new cases of HIV to safe-sex fatigue. What does this mean?
Who is at greater risk of contracting HIV through heterosexual intercourse?
Jason had unprotected sex. He was surprised to learn that he had to wait a certain period of time to be tested for HIV. His health care provider told him a conclusive result from an HIV antibodies test cannot be obtained until ________ after the time of possible infection.
highly active antiretroviral therapy
Reza is diagnosed with HIV and is currently taking a combination of several medications to help delay the onset of AIDS. As a result, his viral load has significantly lowered. Reza is most likely taking which of the following types of medications?
Patrice has been diagnosed with a sexually transmitted infection that caused her to have thick, cloudy discharge secreting from her vagina. She is most likely diagnosed with ________.
pelvic inflammatory disease
Tameeka was infected with chlamydia but did not seek treatment. As a result, she developed inflammation of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. Tameeka probably has ________.
painful inflammation of the urethra
What is urethritis?
Which of the following is a condition that can occur only in men as a result of an untreated chlamydia infection?
burning sensation during urination
Carlo has gonorrhea. Which of the following might have been the first symptom he noticed?
Which of the following sexually transmitted infections usually fails to reveal obvious symptoms in women?
inflammation of the urethra
Nongonococcal urethritis is a sexually transmitted infection that causes ________.
This sexually transmitted bacterium is responsible, along with chlamydia, for the largest percentage of nongonnococcal urethritis.
a chancre sore on his penis
Gino has syphilis. Which of the following might have been the first symptom he noticed?
During which stage of syphilis does the infected person experience symptoms that include skin rashes, hair loss, fatigue, sore throat, and headache?
has no symptoms
has no symptoms
Karen has been diagnosed with pelvic inflammatory disease. Her doctor informs her that this was caused by a ________.
Nearly all bacterial sexually transmitted infections are effectively treated with ________.
yellowish-greenish vaginal discharge
Gina has trichomoniasis. Which of the following are symptoms she may be experiencing?
irritation and extreme itching in the genital area
Which of the following is a symptom of pubic lice?
If you are sexually active, the only way to know for sure that you are free of STIs is to ________.
decide in advance what you both feel comfortable doing sexually
Which of the following is an effective communication skill that can be used when speaking with one's partner about sexually transmitted infections?
abstain from intercourse until she is married
Sarah is being very smart in terms of her approach to refraining from risky sexual behaviors. Which of the following was NOT one of the suggestions for Sarah on how to have sexually intimate relationships while minimizing her risks for STIs?
Elsa and Tomas have chosen to engage in only noninsertive sexual activities such as kissing, hugging, mutual touching, and massaging until they both can be tested for STIs. This couple is engaging in ________.
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