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67 terms

Ch. 13

STUDY
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gestational diabetes
What is diabetes associated with pregnancy?
dwarfism
What is the disorder caused by a deficiency of the GH?
gigantism
What is the condition caused by hypersecretion of the human growth hormone after puberty?
virilism
Which term best describes the development of masculine physical traits in a woman?
exophthalmia
What is an abnormal outward protrusion of the eyes known as?
myxedema
What is the most severe form of hypothyroidism in an adult called?
goiter
What is simple hyperplasia of the thyroid gland known as?
Hashimoto's disease
What diagnosis best describes an autoimmune disease that results in a chronic inflammation of the thyroid gland?
thyroid crisis
What is another term for thyroid storm?
adenopathy
The term that best describes any disease of a gland?
hirsutism
Which term best describes excessive body hair in a male distribution pattern in a female?
Graves' disease
Select the eponym associated with hyperthyroidism
acute pancreatitis
Which pancreatic diagnosis exhibits symptoms ranging from mild pancreatic edema to massive necrotizing pancreatic hemorrhage?
Cushing's syndrome
What condition is associated with excessive amounts of cortisol or ACTH circulating in the bloodstream?
myxedema
Hypothyroidism causing lethargy, slow speech, and nonpitting edema is:
hyperkalemia
Excessive potassium in the blood is called:
parathyroid gland
The gland that regulates the amount of calcium in the blood is the
pituitary
Gigantism and dwarfism are both a result of improper functioning of hormones of which of the following glands?
diabetes
an endocrinologist would treat patients who suffer from:
Addison's disease
The condition that may be characterized by increased pigmentation of the skin is:
true
The term glycosuria describes the presence of sugar in the urine. True or False
false
Excessive thirst, also called polyphagia is a classic symptom of diabetes mellitus. True or False
false
Hypothyroidism is a term that describes a normally functioning thyroid gland. True or False
true
Luteinizing hormone is necessary for female ovulation. True or False
true
Mary Jones should see an endocrinologist for her Cushing's Syndrome. True or False
true
Adrenaline is another name for epinephrine. True or False
true
Individuals with Type 2 DM require insulin injections to control the disease. True or False
false
Thyroid function tests include T3. T4, and GTT. True or False
true
A thyroid function test that evaluates the function of the thyroid by administering radioactive iodine is a RAIU. True or False
false
Type I diabetes usually appears in adults after the age of 40. True or False
fasting blood sugar
FBS
glucose tolerance test
GTT
non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
NIDDM
insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
IDDM
basal metabolic rate
BMR
pancreas
gland containing islets of Langerhans and producing digestive enzymes
goiter
enlargement of the thyroid gland
myxedema
hypothroidism with lethargy, weakness, edema, slow speech
tetany
low parathyroid activity, with continual contraction of the muscles
polyphagia
excessive eating
hormone
gland in neck that uses iodine to produce its hormones
acromegaly
disease with overgrowth of face and hands from over production of growth hormone in adult
thymus gland
gland in thorax that secretes hormones
hirsutism
excessive hair growth accompanying endocrine imbalance
adrenal gland
gland located above kidney, producing cortical and medullary hormones
thyroid gland
gland in neck that uses iodine to produce its hormones
goiter and Graves' disease
Two of the most common disorders of hyperthyroidism
thyroid gland
Exophthalmos is a disorder caused by hypersecretion
tetany
hypoparathyroidism can cause
pancreas
Diabetes mellitus is a disorder caused by malfunction of the
dipsia
suffix that means thirst
on the posterior surface of the thyroid gland
The parathyroid glands are located
parathyroid
The gland that helps regulate the level of calcium in the blood
myxedema
Disorder caused by hyposecretion from the thyroid gland
hirsutism
The term for abnormal hairiness
pituitary gland
The master gland of the endocrine system
gigantism
Hypersecretion of human growth hormone (GH) by the pituitary before puberty resulting in abnormal and accelerated growth is
acromegaly
Hypersecretion of GH that causes overgrowth of the hands and feet, abnormal thickening of the bones of the face, the excessive overgrowth of soft tissue, occurring after puberty
cretinism
A congenital hypothyroid condition that causes mental and growth retardation in infant or young child
hypoparathyroidism
Insufficient secretion of parathyroid hormone (PTH) by the parathyroid gland
gestational diabetes mellitus
Diabetes, which has its onset during pregnancy
potassium
Hyperkalemia is an excessive concentration of _____ in the blood
growth hormone
Pituitary dwarfism occurs because of a lack of
oxytocin
Which hormone is relased from the posterior lobe of the pituitary?
polydipsia
Excessive thirst, as seen in diabetes
abnormal protrusion of eyeballs
The thyroid patient with exophthalmos is noted to have
thyroid
The name of Hashimoto is associated with disease of the ____