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final essay questions
Terms in this set (51)
Wrote the Annals. Was a conservative senatorial moralist. Showed public sympathy for the Christians.
Wrote the Antiquities - probably edited by Christian editors due to him not being a Christian and his language. Writes about Jesus's role as a religious teacher, his crucifixion, his resurrection, and the prophecies about him.
He was a _________ ____ of the early first century CE; one of the 4 basic features of Jesus' life that have a strong consensus.
He was a _________ and wonder-worker and taught a love doctrine; one of the 4 basic features of Jesus' life that have a strong consensus.
___________ claims were made for him; one of the 4 basic features of Jesus' life that have a strong consensus.
He was executed by ________ _________ during the reign of Tiberius.; one of the 4 basic features of Jesus' life that have a strong consensus.
Jesus stood in basic ideological harmony with the ______________. A predominantly lay-scholarly religious movement of particularly pious and influential Jews, in the classical period, described by Josephus and the New Testament.
Jesus is not represented as lodging much confidence in ________ as religious persuaders.
Peace of Rome & Quiet to the Provinces; any threats to this would be wiped out. "Keep peace" by violence. Julius Caesar said don't antagonize anyone unless they antagonize us. There was lots of bartering & Jesus hated that and the Romans killed him because he threatened this. Reason Jesus was executed by Pontius Pilate during the reign of Tiberius.
Pictured in Acts, centered among the Galileans. One of the earliest churches. Churches of Galilee and the Diaspora opted for the model of a synagogue congregation. Was not affluent, but it was influential. Other churches looked to it as the mother church, the arbiter of difficult issues. Prided themselves on their poverty.
renewal of prophecy
The pouring out of God's spirit signifies the ________ ___ _________ among men and women. One of the main points in Peter's sermon in Acts 2.
Israelites include all ______ who claim the promises God made to Israel. One of the main points in Peter's sermon in Acts 2.
By means of the deeds of power, wonders, and signs, Jesus is attested as the ______ __________. One of the main points in Peter's sermon in Acts 2.
Jesus came and was __________, but the Kingdom of Heaven is still exalted in his light. One of the main points in Peter's sermon in Acts 2.
Reign of ___________ ___________: 30 BCE - 14 CE. Adopted son of Julius Caesar.
___________ high priest: 18 - 36 CE. "Searcher." Official Jewish high priest in Jerusalem during the ministry of Jesus conjured false witnesses; sent Jesus to Pilate to be executed.
Pontius Pilate procurator of _______: 26-36 CE
Reign of ___________: 14 - 37 CE. Reigned during the crucifixion of Jesus.
__________ of John the Baptizer: 27 - 29 CE
Ministry of _______: 27 - 33 CE; Born in 8 BCE - 4 CE. Conducted most of his public ministry in Galilee. Executed under the reign of Tiberius.
Crucifixion/____________ of Jesus: 30 - 33 CE. Story of this told in Luke/Acts.
_____'s transformation on the road to Damascus: 33 - 45 CE. Was a fanatical persecutor of the earliest Christian Church. Spoke Greek not Hebrew. Referred to the Torah by the Greek word nomos, meaning "law." He did not stop being a Jew or stop thinking of himself as a Jew, he seems to have thought he was a better Jew. His transformation should be seen as an illumination since the term "conversion" is anachronistic for his time.
______ is imprisoned: 37 - 44 . One of Jesus' disciples. Preached about the renewal of prophecy and the promises God made to Israel.
Jews banished from _____: 41 - 49 CE
__________ activity of Paul: 47 - 56 CE
Council of Jerusalem
___________ ___ ________: 49 CE. The first church council, which was called to resolve the growing controversy over whether or not gentile Christians would have to observe Jewish law.
_______ martyred: 62 CE. Brother of Jesus.
Paul and Peter __________ at the same time: 64 - 65 CE
Paul believed by keeping the Torah, one was saved, which was not taught by Judaism. He brought this idea with him from his __________ background.
Paul went on no fewer than ______, probably more missionary trips to Greek East
_______ roads. One of the two major conditions that allowed Christianity to grow as quickly as it did.
___________s around Mediterranean (diasporic Judaism). One of the two major conditions that allowed Christianity to grow as quickly as it did. Greek for "assembly". A Jewish place of gathering for prayer, reading and studying scripture, and hearing its teachings expounded.
One of the two early Christian rituals. Instructions about worship/how to observe the Lord's supper. No distinction is made between what men and women do. "Jesus broke a load of bread and said, "This is my body that is for you. Do this in remembrance of me." In the same way, he took a cup of wine saying, "This cup is the new covenant in my blood. Do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of me."" - 1 Cor 11:23-25
One of the two early Christian rituals. Believers ritually reenact Jesus' death and resurrection, experiencing the radical shift from death to life as moral renewal: death to sin and newness of life. Believers "enter" Christ's experience as co-participants. Those brought from death to life have relived Christ's experience. Christ's death also represents a shift from law to grace. Matthew 3
First experienced by the Galileans in the Jerusalem church. Religious experience in the early church. Speaking in tongues.
_________ books written by Paul: Romans, 1 & 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Phillippians, 1 Thessalonians, & Philemon.
"Like a Thief in the Night." Paul's earliest surviving letter, about 50 - 51 CE. Written as a letter of encouragement and chastisement; tells them not to sit back and wait passively for Jesus to come back. Genuine letter written by Paul
"Unity in the Spirit." Written while in Ephesus. Theme: unity. Genuine letter written by Paul.
"From Bitterness to Joy." Thought to be two letters combined due to difference in tone. A severe letter attacking his opponents and boasting his own apostleship. Talks about spiritual renewal. Genuine letter written by Paul.
"The Gospel Which Was Preached By Me." Written around 54 CE. Defends the validity and themes of the gospel Paul proclaims. Paul tells of his commissioning by God. Themes: freedom and justification through faith. Genuine letter written by Paul.
"The Power of God for the Salvation of All." Written around 56-57 CE in Corinth. Idea of baptism is introduced; Paul believed that all humans are prone to sin and it is not inherited. Don't have to follow law, act by the Holy Spirit. Genuine letter written by Paul.
"My Joy Complete." Written while Paul was in jail in Ephesus or Rome. Home of Paul's favorite church - 1st one in Europe. Advances the gospel while in jail and uses the words rejoice and joy. Warns those who are not true followers.
"No Longer a Slave." Paul puts into practice his belief that in Christ there is neither slave nor free person.
2 Thessalonians, Colossians, Ephesians
Baptism (Matthew 3) and Communion (1 Corinthians 11). One of the 7 dimensions of religion in the NT.
(Titus 1) Rules for leadership in the church; Catholic churches uphold (John 6); Baptist churches uphold multiple scriptures that mention abstaining from alcohol found in most of (Paul's letters, Luke, 1 Timothy and 1 Peter.) One of the 7 dimensions of religion in the NT.
(1 Tim 3) Characteristics of leaders in the church. One of the 7 dimensions of religion in the NT.
(Luke 2) Story of baby Jesus' birth, Luke-Acts - expansion of the movement through stories, crucifixion and resurrection, ascension (Luke/Acts), Pentecost. One of the 7 dimensions of religion in the NT.
(Romans 12) giving your life to God; (1 Thess 4) - God's judgment and ways to treat other Christians; (Philippians 2) - live like Christ's example; (Romans 8) - Life through works & controlling sin; (Matthew 28) The Great Commission. One of the 7 dimensions of religion in the NT.
Symbol of the cross or the fish, not in the NT explicitly but present implicitly. One of the 7 dimensions of religion in the NT.
Paul's conversion (Acts 9), being "born again," speaking in tongues (1 Corinthians 14 and the book of Acts). One of the 7 dimensions of religion in the NT.
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