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Chapter 12 Blood Quiz #1
Terms in this set (48)
A person with type A blood has what?
Anti-A antibodies and anti-B antibodies
Blood type O is considered the what?
Blood type AB is considered the what?
The role of hemoglobin in the red blood cell is to what?
Carry oxygen and carbon dioxide
Blood loss anemia is known as what?
Injections of vitamin B-12 are used to
Treat pernicious anemia
Sickle cell anemia thalassemia are examples of
Acute lymphatic leukemia is the most common for of blood
Cancer in children between the ages of 3 and 7
The final product in the process of blood clot formation is
Hemophilia is a clotting factor that is
Inherited and X-linked
What is necessary for blood clotting to occur?
What is the layers in order when blood is spun in a centrifuge?
Plasma, Buffy coat, RBC's
Aplasstic anemia is related to what?
High-dose exposure to toxic chemicals and radiation
Neutrophils are the most numerous of the what?
Phagocytic white blood cells
Eosinophils help protect against what?
Infections caused by parasites
Basophils secrete what?
The chemical histamine
What must be present in blood to clot properly?
What is the function of blood? Name 4 functions.
It carries :
1.food and oxygen to cells
waste away from cells
2. serves as a carrier for various disease-fighting cells such as the "white" blood cells.
3. It also puncture-proofs the body: it clots, sealing up small holes quickly.
4.Important in maintaining a constant temperature in your body.
How much does blood account for the humane body weight?
What are formed are the formed elements of blood?
Plasma, WBC's, platelets, and RBC's
How much whole blood is plasma?
Red blood cells that transport oxygen
white blood cells that combat infection and respond to inflammation
thrombocytes; cell fragments in the blood essential for blood clotting (coagulation)
The liquid fraction of whole blood is called what?
Erythrocytes have the highest count of what?
Red blood cells
7% of protein is what?
The highest protein in plasma is what?
Alubins at 57%
A person with AB can what?
Can receive blood from any group they are a universal reciepient
A person with A blood can only receive blood from who?
A person with A and O blood type
A person with B blood can only receive blood from who?
A person with blood type B and D
Plasma minus clotting factor is called what?
Name the formed elements.
RBC's Erythrocytes,WBC's Leukocytes, and Platelets or Thrombocytes
What is the top layer of a test tube called?
What is the center layer of a test tube called?
What is the bottom layer of a test tube called?
Formed Elements 45%
O blood is considered what?
The universal donor
RBC's or Erythrocytes
RBC when combined with hemoglobin Co2 inside RBC as a bicarbonate
Over production of RBC's the cause is generally cancerous transformation of red bone marrow
Caused by low numbers of RBC's
Characterized by low RBC numbers and destruction of the bone marrow
Is caused by vitamin B12 deficiency
Sickle cell Thalassimia a group of inherited hemolytic anemias occurring primarily in people of Mediterranean descent
The most numerous type of phagocyte is the Neutrophils
What do Basophils do?
Secrete a histamine
Most deadly for of cancer over the age of 65
Stationary blood clot
Circulating blood clot
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