How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

15 terms

AP CHEM: Organic Molecule Types

Types of organic molecules from ethers to alcohols to amines.
STUDY
PLAY
Benzene Ring
Six carbons connected with alternating single and double bonds.
Phenyl
A benzene ring with a single hydrogen attached to each carbon.
Alkyl Halide
When a halogen (ex. Chlorine, Bromine, Iodine) is put in place of a Hydrogen attached to a Carbon
Amine
When a NH2 molecule is attached to a carbon in place of a Hydrogen.
Alcohol
When an OH ion is attached to a Carbon in place of Hydrogen.
Ether
When a carbon chain is broken up by a single Oxygen atom, for example, CH3OCH3
Aldehyde
When an Oxygen is double bonded to a carbon.
Carboxylic Acid
When a double bonded oxygen AND a hydroxide ion are attached to a carbon
Ester
A chain of carbons with oxygens double bonded to a carbon and an oxygen splitting the carbon chain.
Amide
A carbon with an oxygen double bonded to a carbon and a NH2 group attached.
Nitro
NO2
Chloro
Chlorine
naphthalene
two benzene rings attached.
Anthracene
Three benzene rings attached
Phenathrene
Three benzene rings attached in a V shape.