Upgrade to remove ads
Human Development Through Lifespan Chapter 9
Middle Childhood Physical and Cognitive Development
Terms in this set (62)
True or False? In middle childhood, girls are generally taller than boys
What are artificial growth hormones used for?
They are taken by children with insufficient natural growth hormones
What are the downsides to artificial growth hormone?
It is costly and there are some side effects
What can higher levels of nutrients cause children to experience?
Increased energy levels and self-confidence
What are some ways that adequate nutrition can contribute to relationship to social and emotional functioning
1. more peer involvement
2. more positive emotions
3. less anxiety
4. more eagerness to explore new environments
5. more persistent in frustrating situations
6. generally higher energy levels
What are five consequences of inadequate nutrition?
2. Undernourished children
3. Lowered resistance to infection
4. More likely to die from common childhood ailments and respiratory infections
5. Frequent illness that impacts growth
What are the 4 most common causes of obesity?
1. Genetic factors
2. lack of physical activity
3. unhealthy eating patterns
4. Combinations of the other factors
True or False? It is common that being overweight is caused by a medical condition such as a hormonal problem.
When do children acquire the ability to skip?
Which gender is superior in accuracy of movement at age 6?
Which gender is superior in forceful, less complex acts at age 6?
When can children throw with the proper weight, shift, and step
At what age can children balance on one foot with eyes closed, walk on a 2-inch-wide balance beam without falling off, hop and jump accurately into small squares (hopscotch), and can correctly execute a jumping-jack exercise?
At what age can children grip objects with 12 pounds of pressure, engage in alternate rhythmical hopping, and throw a small ball 33-59 feet?
At what age can children jump vertically 8.5-10 inches over their standing height and run 16-16.6 feet per second?
At what age can children judge and intercept directions of small balls thrown from a distance and can run 17 feet per second?
At what age can children achieve a standing broad jump of 4.5-5 ft?
At what age can children achieve a high jump of three feet?
True or False? Gender differences in gross motor skills become increasingly pronounced during middle childhood
Why do fine motor skills become much better between ages 6-8
There is an increase in the amount of myelin on the child's nerve cells
Why is middle childhood a period of robust health?
Children have built up immunity during their preschool years, and routine immunizations have produced considerably lower incidence of life-threatening illnesses
What does asthma cause?
Periodic attacks of wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath
What are some theories concerning the increased incidences of asthma?
1. Increased air pollution
2. More accurate diagnosis
In middle childhood, was is the most frequent cause of accidental death?
Why are psychological disorders in children often not identified?
The symptoms of middle childhood disorders are often inconstant from those of adults, and antidepressant drugs used for treatment have never been approved by governmental regulators for use with children
What are some pros to drug therapy (psychological disorders)?
1. depression and other psychological disorders are treated successfully
What are some cons of drug therapy?
Long-term effectiveness of antidepressants with children are not known
What are the four "categories" of children with special needs?
1. Visual impairments
2. Auditory impairments
3. Speech impairments
4. Learning Disabilities
When is a child considered blind?
They have a visual activity of less than 20/200 after correction
When does a child have partial sightedness?
They have visual activity of less than 20/70 after correction
What is the definition of an auditory difficulty?
The loss of hearing or some aspect of hearing
What is the definition of a speech difficulty?
Children with speech impairment have speech patterns that interfere with communication
What is the most common form of speech difficulty?
Child-onset fluency disorder (stuttering)
What is child-onset fluency disorder?
What are learning disabilities?
Difficulties in acquisition and use of listening, speaking, reading, writing, reasoning, or mathematical abilities.
What are some examples of learning disabilities?
Dyslexia, dysgraphia, ADD?ADHD
What are the symptoms of ADHD?
1. Persistent difficulty in finishing tasks, following instructions, and organizing work
2. Inability to watch an entire television program
3. Frequent interruption of others or excessive talking
4. A tendency to jump into a task before hearing all the instructions
5. difficulty in waiting or remaining seated
6. Fidgeting, squirming
In which stage of intellectual development are the children in middle childhood in?
True or False? Children shift back and forth between preoperational and concrete operational thinking
How is memory improved during the concrete operational stage?
There are advances in encoding, storage, and retrieval, and short term memory capacity improves
What is metamemory?
an understanding about the processes that underlie memory
What does metamemory allow children to do?
It helps children use control strategies (concious, intentional tactics to improve functioning)
What are two strategies that school-age children can be taught about memory?
1. Using key word strategies
2. Pairing similar-sounding words for better retention
What does Vygotsky's Approach claim about cognitive advances?
Cognitive advances occur through exposure to information within ZPD (zone of proximal development).
What is cooperative learning?
Is an instructional approach that encourages students to work collaboratively as partners or in small groups on clearly defined tasks.
What is reciprocal learning?
learning in pairs; there is a performer & observer. The observer gives feedback. The teacher is in control
In the concrete operational stage, a child is mastering the mechanics of language. What are some characteristics of this development?
1. Vocabulary continues to increase
2. Mastery of grammar improves
3. Understanding of syntax grows
4. Certain phonemes remain troublesome
5. Decoding difficulties when dependent on intonation
6. more competence in pragmatics
7. Increase in meta-linguistic awareness
What is metalinguistic awareness?
Children's understanding of their own use of language
What do children realize about their own language by age 5 or 6?
They understand that language is governed by a set of rules
What do children realize about their own language by age 7 or 8?
They realize that miscommunication may be due to factors attributable not only to themselves, but to the person communicating with them
What is self-talk? What does it help a child to do?
A way of coaching yourself about your own self worth. It helps to regulate behavior.
True or false? The effectiveness of self-control grows as linguistic capabilities increase
What is the most fundamental task to schooling?
Learning how to read
What 5 significant skills does reading involve?
1. Identifying letters
2. Associating letters with sounds
3. Matching words with meanings
4. Drawing on long term memory
5. Using context to help establish meaning
code-based approaches to reading
teachers should focus on the basic skills that underlie reading
whole language approach
Teaching reading by encouraging early use of all language skills-talking and listening, reading and writing.
Which reading instruction method does the National Reading Panel and National Research Council support?
What is the cultural assimilation model?
The goal of education is to assimilate individual cultural identities into a unique, unified American culture
What is the pluralistic society model?
American society is composed of diverse, coequal cultural groups that should preserve their unique features
What is bicultural identity?
identity formation that occurs when adolescents identify in some ways with their ethnic group and in other ways with the majority culture
What did Alfred Binet do?
He developed diagnostic tests for the French school system
What is the Wechsler Intellegence Scale?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Human Development Through Lifespan Chapter 18
Human Development Through Lifespan Chapter 19
Human Development Through Lifespan Chapter 1
Human Development Through Lifespan Chapter 2
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Development Across the Lifespan - Chapter 9 (Physi…
Human Development: Ch. 4-7
Child Development - Chapter 11
Life span Development chapter 9
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Nutrition Chapter 14 pt 2
Nutrition Chapter 14
Nutrition Chapter 13: Pregnancy
Nutrition Chapter 10
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Triune God Final
ATI Nutrition Practice Questions
American Government Final