the four primary industrial zones are still dominant, however, secondary industrial regions are making great strides; many developed economies have been expanding into tertiary, quaternary and quinary activities - diverting (or outsourcing) more manufacturing to other regions (e.g., China, India, Four Tigers, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Vietnam, ...). a service industry giant, a means by which countries are seeking to develop; tourism & travel = 11% of all global jobs, and 11% of global GNP; the initial investment by the "host" country is huge (i.e. building hotels diverts money that could be used for housing, education, ...); many hotels are owned by MNCs, NOT the "host" country; affects the local economy little.
-Tourism can diminish cultural landscape distinctiveness (make more homogeneous) - hotels, fast food chains, resorts, theme parks, and environmental degradation (litter, pollution, effects on wildlife).
-Tourism can enhance cultural landscape distinctiveness (place preservation, uniqueness & marketing) - preservation of historic buildings; sustaining indigenous (native) lifestyles; promotion of exotic scenery & wildlife (ecotourism); conservation of natural resources (mostly for commercial reasons - for tourism industry).