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Ap Environmental Science
1) Draft Year 2) International or National 3) Description of Function 4) Environmental Issues Affected 5) Agency/Group Responsible for Regulation and Enforcement
Terms in this set (39)
Clean Air Act
3. The Clean Air Act (CAA) is the comprehensive federal law that regulates air emissions from stationary and mobile sources.
4. Green House gases; pollutants; (obviously) air
Clean Water Acts
3. The Clean Water Act (CWA) establishes the basic structure for regulating discharges of pollutants into the waters of the United States and regulating quality standards for surface waters
4. water; rivers; lakes; fish; organisms that live in the water
Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation Liability Act
3. The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act provides a Federal "Superfund" to clean up uncontrolled or abandoned hazardous-waste sites as well as accidents, spills, and other emergency releases of pollutants and contaminants into the environment.
4. Uncontrolled or abandoned waste sites
Consumer Product Safety Act
3. Established the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission. Gives CPSC the power to develop safety standards and pursue recalls
4. Consumer products: things you buy at the store
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species
3. CITES is an international agreement between governments. Its aim is to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival.
4. Endangered wildlife (e.g Lion)
Emergency Planning & Community Right-To-Know Act
3. Allow state and local planning for chemical emergencies; Provide for notification of emergency releases of chemicals; Address communities' right-to-know
4. Mostly humans becoming informed (ready?) in case of an emergency
Endangered Species Act
3. The purpose of the ESA is to protect and recover imperiled species and the ecosystems upon which they depend
4. Endangered species (e.g Lion)
5. FWS & NMFWS
Energy Policy Act
3. The Energy Policy Act's goal was to establish a number of energy management goals for Federal facilities and fleets
4. Energy: Coal; Gas; Diesel; etc
Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act
3. Authorizes EPA to set tolerances, or maximum residue limits, for pesticide residues on foods.
4. Pesticides; Foods; Drugs
Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act
3. Provides for federal regulation of pesticide distribution, sale, and use
4. Pesticides; Fungicide; Rondentcide
Federal Water Pollution Control Act
3. Allowed the Public Health Service to prepare programs for eliminating or reducing the pollution of interstate waters and tributaries and improving the sanitary conditions of surface and underground waters.
4. Directly: Waters. Indirectly: Fish; organisms that live in the water; etc
Fish and Wildlife Conservation Act
3. Authorizes financial and technical assistance to the States for the development, revision, and implementation of conservation plans and programs for nongame fish and wildlife
4. Fish; Wildlife
Food Quality Protection Act
3. The FQPA standardized the way the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) would manage the use of pesticides and amended the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act and the Federal Food Drug and Cosmetic Act
4. Humans and our food (quality)
Food, Drug, and Cosmetics Acts
3. A set of laws passed by Congress in 1938 giving authority to the FDA to oversee the safety of food, drugs, and cosmetics.
4. Foods; Drugs; Cosmetics
Hardrock Mining and Reclamation
1. 2007 (failed), (2009 failed),
3. The bill would have permanently ended new patents for mining claims, imposed a royalty of 4% of gross revenues on existing mining extracting from unpatented mining claims, and placed an 8% royalty on new mining operations. Essential making it more difficult for people to mine
4. Mining Companies.
3. The Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is an international treaty that sets binding obligations on industrialized countries to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases.
4. Air; Atmosphere; Climate
Law of the Sea Convention
3. The Law of the Sea Convention defines the rights and responsibilities of nations with respect to all uses of the world's oceans, and the management of marine natural resources.
4. Oceans; Seas.
5. International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea
Marine Mammal Protection Act
1. 1972, amended 1994
3. Prohibits, with certain exceptions, the "take" of marine mammals in U.S. waters and by U.S. citizens on the high seas, and the importation of marine mammals and marine mammal products into the U.S.
4. Marine mammals.
Marine Plastic Pollution Research and Control Act
3. It applies to ship-generated garbage, and it aims to reduce the amount of garbage—both plastics and other persistent wastes—that ships dump into the oceans. It also prohibits all ships from dumping plastics into the sea.
4. Pollution wastes; Seas; Oceans.
5. NOAA/U.S. Coast Guard
Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp Act
3. Any person who hunts ducks, geese, swans or brant and is 16 years of age or older must carry a current Duck Stamp on which he has written his signature in ink.
3. Designed to reduce the production and consumption of ozone depleting substances in order to reduce their abundance in the atmosphere, and thereby protect the earth's fragile ozone Layer.
4. Air; Atmosphere; Ozone Layer.
National Energy Act
3. Authority for Federal energy management goals and requirements. Signed into law in 1978, it is regularly updated and amended by subsequent laws and regulations.
4. Gas; Oil; Solar Energy.
National Environmental Policy Act
3. The Act establishes national environmental policy and goals for the protection, maintenance, and enhancement of the environment and provides a process for implementing these goals within the federal agencies. The Act also establishes the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ).
4. Environment and its areas.
National Park Act
3. Protecting the 35 national parks and monuments then managed by the department and those yet to be established.
4. Parks; Communities; Nature.
5. Department of the Interior
National Wildlife Refuge System Act
3. Guidelines and directives for administration and management of all areas in National Wildlife Refuge system including "wildlife refuges, areas for the protection and conservation of fish and wildlife that are threatened with extinction, wildlife ranges, game ranges, wildlife management areas, and waterfowl production areas."
Nuclear Waste Policy Act
3. An Act to provide for the development of repositories for the disposal of high-level radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel, to establish a program of research, development, and demonstration regarding the disposal of high-level radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel, and for other purposes.
4. Radioactive waste.
Occupational Safety and Health Act
3. Assure safe and healthful working conditions for working men and women.
4. Working men and women.
Ocean Dumping Ban Act
3. Regulate intentional ocean disposal of materials, and to authorize related research.
4. Municipal sewage; Industrial waste; Ocean
Oil Pollution Act
3. To prevent and respond to catastrophic oil spills. A trust fund financed by a tax on oil is available to clean up spills when the responsible party is incapable or unwilling to do so.
4. Ocean life; Oil.
5. EPA/Coast Guard
Oil Spill Prevention and Liability Act
3. Gave the government the power to react to oil spills faster and more efficient
5. EPA/Coast Guard
Pollution Prevention Act
3. Pollution should be prevented or reduced at the source whenever feasible. Preventing pollution offers important economic benefits, as pollution never created avoids the need for expensive investments in waste management or cleanup.
4. Pollution regulation; Environment.
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
3. Protects human health and the environment from the potential hazards of waste disposal, to conserve energy and natural resources, to reduce the amount of waste generated, and to ensure that wastes are managed in an environmentally sound manner. RCRA regulates the management of solid waste (e.g., garbage), hazardous waste, and underground storage tanks holding petroleum products or certain chemicals.
4. hazardous waste; Non harmful waste.
Safe Drinking Water Act
3. Ensures the quality of Americans' drinking water.Under SDWA, EPA sets standards for drinking water quality and oversees the states, localities, and water suppliers who implement those standards.
4. Drinking water supplies; humans.
Soil and Water Conservation Act
3. Periodically prepare a national plan for soil and water conservation on private lands based on an inventory and appraisal of existing resource conditions and trends.
4. Agriculture; lands; plant life.
Solid Waste Disposal Act
3. Regulates the treatment, storage, or disposal of solid, both non hazardous and hazardous, waste.ground which would give us a place to put waste.
4. Air; Waste locations.
Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act
3. Requiring states to regulate surface coal mining and establishing the Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund to pay for the reclamation of abandoned mine lands by putting a fee on each ton of coal mined.
4. Abandoned Mines.
Toxic Substances Control Act
3. Require reporting, record-keeping and testing requirements, and restrictions relating to chemical substances and/or mixtures. Certain substances are generally excluded from TSCA, including, among others, food, drugs, cosmetics and pesticides.
4. Harmful toxic; living things; ecosystem.
Wild and Scenic Rivers Act
3) To implement this policy by instituting a national wild and scenic rivers system, by designating the initial components of that system, and by prescribing the methods by which and standards according to which additional components may be added to the system from time to time.
4. Rivers; pure clean water.
3. In order to assure that an increasing population, accompanied by expanding settlement and growing mechanization, does not occupy and modify all areas within the United States and its possessions, leaving no lands designated for preservation and protection in their natural condition, it is hereby declared to be the policy of the Congress to secure for the American people of present and future generations the benefits of an enduring resource of wilderness.
4. Wilderness; inhabitants within wilderness
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
APES Ch 9- Water Resources
AP Enviromental Science Full Review
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