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Chapter 2 Private Pilot checkride study guide
Terms in this set (38)
What documents are required on board an aircraft prior to flight?
(ARROW) Airworthiness, Registration, Radio station license (if outside of the US), Pilots operating handbook, Weight and Balance charts for that aircraft
What is an airworthiness certificate?
A certificate given to the aircraft by an A&P saying that the plane meets all requirements to be legal to fly safely.
What is the difference between standard and special airworthiness certificates?
A standard certificate is issued to normal, utility, acrobatic, commuter, etc. Special is issued to light sport, limited category aircrafts
What is an experimental airworthiness certificate?
certificate in the experimental category issued to an aircraft that does not have a type certificate
Does an airworthiness certificate have an expiration date?
Where must the airworthiness certificate be located?
Anywhere visible in the cockpit
For an aircraft to be considered airworthy, what two conditions must be met?
Must conform to its type design, and must be in condition for safe operation
Explain how a pilot determines if an aircraft conforms to its approved type design and is in a condition for safe operation.
Must go through a through pre flight, must ensure that all inspections, repairs, and registration are up to date
What records or documents should be checked to determine that the owner or operator of an aircraft has complied with all required inspections and airworthiness directives?
The logbooks of the plane.
Who is responsible for ensuring that an aircraft is maintained in an airworthy condition?
The owner or operator
Describe some of the responsibilities an aircraft owner has pertaining to aircraft documents, maintenance, and inspections of their aircraft?
current airworthiness and registration, maintain the AD's , make sure logbooks are up to date
What are AD's?
Where the FAA notifies the aircraft owners of possible defects or unsafe conditions that may exist due to a manufacturer error.
What are two types of AD's?
When are emergency ADs issued?
When an unsafe condition exists that needs attention immediately
What is a type certificate data sheet?
A document that sets forth essential factors and other considerations which are necessary for U.S. airworthiness certification of aircraft, engines and propellers.
What is a supplemental type certificate?
FAA approval of a major change in the type design on an airplane
What is an aircraft registration certificate?
Essentially the birth certificate of the airplane
Does an aircraft's registration certificate have an expiration date?
No, it must be renewed every three years though.
Where can you find information on the placards and marking information required to be in the airplane?
Limitations section of the AFM or as directed by an AD
What are several examples of placards and markings required in the airplane?
Compass correction card, flight maneuvers permitted, airspeed indicator, cockpit control markings, fuel, oil, and coolant filler openings
What are the required tests and inspections to be performed on an aircraft? Include inspections for IFR.
(AAV1ATE) Annual, AD's, VOR check every 30 days, 100 hour inspection, Transponder, ELT transmitter every 12 months
What is an "annual" inspection and which aircraft are required to have annual inspections?
complete inspection to determine that the aircraft and engine meet the regulations
What aircraft are required to have 100-hour inspections?
Under 12,500 pounds used to carry passenger for hire, flight schools
If an aircraft has an a 100 hour inspection do you need an annual?
What is the difference between an annual and a 100 hour inspection?
An annual must be performed by an A&P with inspection authorization, and A&P can perform a 100 hour inspection
If an aircraft has been on a schedule of inspection of every 100 hours, under what condition may it continue to operate beyond without a new inspection?
No more then 10 hours, and the excess time can be used to get to a location where the inspection is
If the annual inspection date has passed, can an aircraft be operated to a location where the inspection can be performed?
Yes, but you need a Special Flight Permit issued by the FAA to take it to the specific airport
What are Special flight Permits and when are the necessary?
They are issued to an airplane that has something that it needs to meet the airworthiness requirements that is inoperable.
How are special flight permits obtained?
You must obtain it from the FSDO or a Designated Airworthiness rep.
After aircraft inspections have been made and defects have been repaired, who is responsible for determining that the aircraft is in an airworthy condition?
The pilot in command
What regulations apply concerning the operation of an aircraft that has had alterations or repairs which may have substantially affected its operation in flight?
No person mat operate or carry passengers in any aircraft that has undergone maintenance, preventative maintenance, rebuilding. A private pilot must fly, and make an operational check of the maintenance performed or alteration made, and logs the flight in the aircraft records
Can a pilot legally conduct flight operations with known inoperative equipment onboard?
Yes, if there is an MEL, part 91.213 (d)
What limitations apply to aircraft operations conducted using deferral provision of 14 CFR 91.213?
When inoperative equipment is found during preflight or prior to departure, the decision should be to cancel the flight or defer to the item or equipment.
What instruments are required for VFR day flight?
(A TOMATO FLAMES)
Anti collision lights
Manifold pressure gauge
Temperature gauge for each liquid-cooled engine
Oil Temp gauge
Landing gear position indicator
What instruments and equipment are required for VFR night flight?
Fuses, one spare set
Source of electrical energy
Who can perform maintenance on an aircraft?
1) FAA-certificated A&P mechanic
2) A&P mechanic with Inspector Authorization
3) Appropriately-rated FAA-certificated repair station
4) Aircraft manufacturer
Define preventive maintenance
Simple or minor preservation operations and the replacement of small standard parts not involving complex assembly operations. Certificated pilots may perform preventative maintenance
What logbook entry information is required of the person performing preventive maintenance?
Must make an entry in the preventative maintenance but make an entry in the maintenance record of the aircraft. Must include description, date, work, entry of pilots name, signature, cert number, type of cert
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