Old Testament ch 11-13

Chapters 11-13
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Terms in this set (...)

exile
removal of a person or group of people from their land
acrostic
alphabetic pattern used in Hebrew poetry. Each line or group of lines in a poem begins with a successive letter of the alphabet
acrostic
Then entire book of Lamentations follows this pattern. Each of the four chapters is an acrostic poem
seige
a military strategy that was often used against walled cities in the ancient world. The attacking army would surround the city, not allowing anything or anybody to move in or out of it. Eventually, starvation and disease would weaken the inhabitants until they surrendered or were unable to defend themselves
Ezekiel
a former priest who becamen a prophet. He had fantastic visions with creatures, wheels, and eyes, while viewing a thunderstorm
Theophany
an appearance of God as a human being
Theophany
appearances that sometime seem to be in human form, while at other times they occur in phenomena like fire, smoke, or storms
allegory
a complex story in which multiple imaginative elements represent real persons, places, or events
Restoration
A term used to describe numerous aspects of Israel's return to the land and rebuilding of its society after the Exile
Restoration
designates the period in Israel's story beginning with the Decree of Cyrus and having an indefinite end point
Gog of Magog
This is is where the lord intervened from heaven to overthrow the forces of evil arrayed against Israel
Second Isaiah
Deutero-Isaiah
second Isaiah
Chapters 40-60 of one of the prophetic books which seems to be written by the "great unknown prophet" of the Exile
Suffering Servant
the servant figure or figures portrayed in the four Servant Songs in Isaiah. Identified as Israel
Sheshbazzar
Prince of Judah, son of Jehoiachin. Laid the foundations of the new Temple.
Haggai
Promoter of the Temple building
Cyrus the Great
Persian King who implemented the restoration and reversed policies of previous kings and permitted the people to return to their original homes if they wished.
Zechariah
Second prophet who helped stir up the people to work on the Temple. Man of many visions.
Ezra
Jewish refomer who lead Jewish men to divorce their foreign wives during a religious ceremony after the Exile.
Nehemiah
cupbearer to the King of the Persian Empire
Father of Judiasm
Abraham
Targumim
Unofficial body of Aramaic texts
Ecclesiastes
Solomon is thought to be the author of this book which focuses on David, the King of Jerusalem.
Song of Songs
Collection of love songs celebrating the joys of physcal lovemaking
Wisdom
a techinal term in Old Testament study which refers to a way of thinking and talking about the world embodied in the wisdom literature
Proberb
referring to various types of sayings, including riddles, shot stories, and wise sayings.
Theodicy
understood as an attempt to explin the existence of evil and suffering in the world. Theme of Job.
Retribution theology
Much of the Old Testament assumes this principle which may be expressed as the belief that the righeous who are obedient to God will be blessed, while the wicked who are disobedient will be cursed
Job
This book represents the struggle of a person who had accepted orthodox answeres to all of life's questions but found them useless.
Vanity
Word meaning breath, something that is fleeting, or meaningless.
Pslams
Word meaning "prayer"
Hermann Gunkel
A German scholar of the Old Testament who concluded that there are five different classes or major goups
Sigmund Mowinckel
A Scandinavian scholar who argued that the Hebrews, in post-Exilix times, had a New Year's festival in which the king portryaed the role of God in Creation
Hallelujah
Word which means praise the Lord
Hymns of Praise
Common type of psalm which is presented throughout the book of Psalms but is more heavily concentrated in the second half
Individual Lament
laments of the individual which were used in services in which individuals asked God to deliver them from personal disaster
Communal lament
prayers of petition to God to bring deliverance to the community in times of such disasters as war, famine, or epidemic
Communal Lament
Jesus spoke the opening words on the cross in Psalm 22
Royal Psalm
These psalms were used for special occasions in the religious services for the king
Imprecatory Psalms
Psalm comprised of the largest class identified by scholars