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Over-use syndrome. bursa are sacks that lie in between muscles and joint spaces provide cushioning. inflammation of the bursa
bursa that cushions the shoulder joint. below the acromion. becomes depressed when the arm is elevated. can't raise their arm to head if they have a bad subasprinatus bursa
common. doesn't cause much pain but it can become edema. Truck drivers get this in their left arm.
Inflammation of joints due to the deposit of sodium urate crystals. any flare up causes damage to the joint.
Abnormally formed spine that forms with a curvature. common in teenage girls. If occurring in obese or arthritic patients, will be bad/painful.
Autoimmune conditions. tissues are attacked by antibodies. mostly the synovial membranes. chronic inflammatory arthritis. Over time, fingers will deviate to the ulnar side.
Swan neck deformity
deformed position of the finger, in which the joint closest to the fingertip is permanently bent toward the palm while the nearest joint to the palm is bent away from it (DIP hyperflexion with PIP hyperextension). common in rheumatoid arthritis
Knuckle looks as if it is being pushed thru a buttonhole. Includes flexion of proximal interphalangeal joint with compensatory hyperextension of distal interphalangeal joint. Common in rheumatoid arthritis.
Slow wear-and-tear on joints. not inflammatory arthritis like gout. have acute flare ups. Use cortisone or NSAIDs. crepitus and heberden's nodes can occur.
a fixed flexion contracture of the hand where the fingers bend towards the palm and cannot be fully extended (straightened). shortening and thickening of flexible tendon. starts in the digits.
Arthrocenetsis of knee effusion
bloody. remove the blood by puncturing the skin and pulling the blood out via a syringe. do this when ligament tears and fills the knee immediately with blood. knee swells up within minutes
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