ap euro chapter 29 ID's
Terms in this set (35)
This period of time following World War II is where the United States and the Soviet Union emerged as superpowers and faced off in an arms race that lasted nearly 50 years
The collapse of colonial empires. Between 1947 and 1962, practically all former colonies in Asia and Africa gained independence
a set of basic beliefs about life, culture, government, and society of a class, group, or movement
Stalin's foreign minister, who publically spoke of western democracies as enemies
a policy of creating strategic alliances in order to check the expansion of a hostile power or ideology or to force it to negotiate pecefully
The Truman Doctrine
a commitment by the U.S. to help nations threatened by communism and Soviet expansion
The Marshall Plan
1947, by George Marshall, against "hunger, poverty, desperation, and chaos" a massive aid package offered by US they gave food and economic assistance to Europe to help countries rebuild
replaced the comintern, it was dedicated to spreading revolutionary communism worldwide
North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries
treaty signed in 1945 that formed an alliance of the Eastern European countries behind the Iron Curtain; USSR, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Romania
statement issued by Britain's foreign secretary Arthur Balfour in 1917 favoring the establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
The United Nations
An international orgaization of nations pledged to promote world peace and security, and cooperate in further social progress
The Korean War
In June 1950 the N. Korean army invaded S. Korea, quickly taking Seoul. The UN Security Counsil met in emergency session and declared the invasion an unwarranted aggression. After three years of fighting, the war ended in stalemate.
ruled the USSR from 1958-1964; lessened government control of soviet citizens; sought peaceful coexistence with the West instead of confrontation
The Secret Speech of 1956
While he was careful to protect the spirit of Lenin, Khrushchev attacked the crimes committed by Stalin and his closest associates in a speech that was supposed to stay secret, but was leaked
it proved that without the support of the US the nations of Western Europe could no longer use millitary force to impose their will on the rest of the world
Nagy declared hungary's independence on November 1, 1956. The Red Army came in and made Kadar leader
Hungarian Communist Party leader who attempted to end association with the USSR which lead to the 1956 Hungarian revolt.
The world's first space satellite; meant the Soviet Union had a missile powerful enough to reach the US
The Berlin Wall
a wall constructed between East and West Berlin with guards who fired on any who tried to escape from East Berlin to West Berlin; served as a symbol of the conflict between communist and noncommunist powers
Cuban Missile Crisis
Brink-of-war confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union over the USSR's placement of nuclear-armed missiles in Cuba
Seized power from Nikita Khrushchev and became leader of the Soviet Communist party in 1964, ordered forces into Afghanistan and Czechoslovakia.
was a period of political liberalization in Czechoslovakia during the era of its domination by the Soviet Union
Policy proclaimed in 1968 and declaring that the Soviet Union had the right to intervene in any Socialist country whenever it determined there was a need
French word meaning an easing of tensions between the world's superpowers during the Cold War
Political and human rights agreement signed in Helsinki, Finland, by the Soviet Union and western European countries.
Polish nationalists who began to protest the Soviet oppression
At beginning of his presidency, he spent millions on arms, toward the end, he ended the arms race
A philosopher from India, this man was a spiritual and moral leader favoring India's independence from Great Britain. He practiced passive resistance, civil disobedience and boycotts to generate social and political change.
National Liberation Front
Ho Chi Minh wanted to unite Vietnam under Northern rule and aided this group of communist rebels trying to overthrow Diem in the south. Official title of the Viet Cong. Created in 1960, they lead an uprising against Diem's repressive regime in the South.
A policy of Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev to revitalize the Soviet economy by opening it up to more free enterprise
Policy of openness initiated by Gorbachev in the 1980s that provided increased opportunities for freedom of speech, association and the press in the Soviet Union.
The Velvet Revolution
revolution in Czechoslovakia that included massive street protests led by students and intellectuals and resulted in the election of Havel as president, bloodless revolution
President of the Russian Republic in 1991. Helped end the USSR and force Gorbachev to resign.
elected president of Russia in 2000, launched reforms aimed at boosting growth and budget revenues and keeping Russia on a strong economic track.
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