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System of belief that seeks to explain ultimate realities for all people -- such as the nature of suffering and the path toward self-realization
Place names given to certain features on the land such as settlements, terrain features, and streams
The adoption of cultural traits, such as language, by one group under the influence of another
A total way of life held in common by a group of people, including learned features such as language, ideology, behavior, technology, and government
The systematic attempt to remove all people of a particular ethnicity from a country or region by either forced migration or genocide
People who come from a common ethnic background but who live in different regions outside of the home of their ethnicity
Most prevalent in Africa and the Americas, doctrine in which the world is seen as being infused with spiritual and even supernatural powers
Religion that is identified with a particular ethnic or tribal group and that does not seek new converts
A collection of many languages, all of which cam from the same original tongue long ago, that have since evolved different characteristics
A group of human beings distinguished by physical traits, blood types, genetic code patterns or genetically inherited characteristics
The world's most widespread religion. A monotheistic, universal religion that uses missionaries to expand its members worldwide
Refers to a constellation of cultural practices that form the sights, smells, sounds, and rituals of everyday existence in the traditional societies in which they developed
A racial or ethnic group smaller than and differing from the majority race or ethnicity in a particular area or region
A Doctrine that claims that cultural traits are formed and controlled by environmental conditions
A cohesive and unique society, most prevalent in India that integrates spiritual beliefs with daily practices and official institutions such as the caste system
Language family including the Germanic and Romance languages that is spoken by about 50% of the world's people
System in India that gives every Indian a particular place in the social hierarchy from birth
A monotheistic religion based on the belief that there is one god, Allah, and that Muhammad was Allah's prophet. Based in the ancient city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia
A pidgin language that evolves to the point at which it becomes the primary language of the people who speak it
A set of languages with relatively recent common origin and many similar characteristics
An extremely simple language that combines aspects of two or more other more-complex languages usually used for quick and efficient communication
Religion in which members are numerous and widespread and their doctrines might appeal to different people from any region of the globe
A person of a particular faith that travels in order to recruit new members into the faith represented
A constructed international language incorporating aspects of numerous linguistic traditions to create a universal means of communication
Dynamic culture based in large, heterogeneous societies permitting considerable individualism, innovation, and change
Any of the languages derived from Latin including Italian, Spanish, French, and Romanian
The single person who takes on the roles of priest, counselor, and physician, and acts as a conduit to the supernatural world in a shamanist culture
Language area that spreads through most of Southeast Asia and China and is compromised of Chinese, Burmese, Tibetan, Japanese, and Korean
Geographically distinct versions of a single language that very somewhat from the parent form
Obliteration of an entire culture by war, disease, acculturation, or a combination of these
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