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155 terms

FACS All Units

STUDY
PLAY
Attitude
a person's basic outlook on life or a specific topic or issue
Binge
indulging in something to excess, such as eating or drinking
Bulimia Nervosa
a person with this disorder repeatedly binges and then purges, by vomiting or taking laxatives, to prevent weight gain
Cliques
a group of people who exclude others from their circle
Communication
process of sending and receiving messages to share thoughts and feelings
Date
a shared social activity between people of the opposite gender
Date rape
forced sexual intercourse that takes place in a dating situation
Drug
chemical substance which causes changes in mind and body functions
Empathy
the ability to understand what someone else is experiencing
Environment
a person's surroundings and everything in them, including both human and non-human factors
Etiquette
manners established by society
Habit
regular repetition of acquired behavior pattern
Health
combined state of physical, mental, and social well being
Heredity
the sum of all the qualities a person inherits from his or her parents at birth
Hygiene
practices that promote good health and prevention of disease, such as cleanliness and maintenance of skin, hair and nails
Infatuation
an intense emotional involvement that begins with a sudden strong attraction based on physical appearance or other obvious traits
Menopause
in females, the time later in life when hormonal changes occur and menstruation ends
Negative self-concept
the mental picture you have of yourself as not being equal with other people
Peer pressure
persuasion to conform to by people in your age group
Anorexia Nervosa
a psychological disorder where a person eats very little or refuses to eat as they see themselves overweight even when they are dangerously underweight
Family
a person or group of persons joined together by blood, marriage, adoption, or other bonds who are committed to each other and provide emotional support
Peers
people in a person's age group
Personality
the characteristics that make a person unique
Positive self-concept
the mental picture you have of yourself as being equal with other people
Responsibility
an obligation or duty for which a person is held accountable
Rights
special privilege, benefit, or personal favor to which one is entitled
Self-concept
the mental picture people have of themselves; their opinion about themselves
Stalking
to pursue obsessively and to the point of harassment
Stress
physical or psychological tension and strain
Substance abuse
misuse of drugs that damages an individual's health and ability to function
Sympathy
the ability to share another person's trouble or suffering
Tolerance
the ability to overlook or accept things you do not agree with; accepting and respecting other people's customs and beliefs
Verbal communication
expressing ideas to others by using spoken words
Color Scheme
a pleasing combination of colors based on their respective positions on the color wheel
Color Wheel
a tool for understanding and using color
Conservation
protecting the environment and natural resources against waste and harm
Elements of design
tools such as line, form, space, mass, texture and color used to create designs
Energy
usable power or the resources for producing usable power; the bodies ability to do work
Personal living space
an area of a home usually understood to belong to one person and defined by their style and taste; examples include bedroom, workroom, home office or study
Physical needs
the most basic human needs, including food, water, clothing, shelter and sleep
Principles of design
guidelines for working with the elements of design; the principals are proportion, scale, balance, emphasis, and rhythm
Psychological needs
needs related to the mind, and emotional needs related to feelings that must be met in order to live a satifying life
Recycle
to reprocess resources to be used again
Room accessories
additional items such as pictures, vases, paintings, and other items
Shade
a darker value of a color, created by adding black to the color
Tint
a lighter value of a color, created by additng white to the color
Personal living space
an area of a home usually understood to belong to one person and defined by their style and taste; examples include bedroom, workroom,home office or study
Alterations
modifications made to a pattern or garment for a better fit
Casing
a closed tunnel of fabric that holds a piece of elastic or a drawstring inside
Clip
make a tiny snip in the seam allowance
Directional stitching
stitching with, or in the same direction, as the fabric grain
Fabric
material, or cloth, made from yarn
Fiber
a basic unit from which fabric is made
Grade
to trim each layer of fabric to a different width to reduce bulk
Grain of fabric
the direction in which the threads run in a fabric
Illusion
an image that fools the eye
Interfacing
a piece of fabric placed between the outer fabric and facing to prevent streching and adds shape
Iron
to remove wrinkles or smooth fabrics with a heated iron
Layout
a diagram included in sewing instructions that shows how to place the pattern pieces on fabric
Natural fiber
a fiber that comes from plants or hair of animals
Notions
small items that become a permanent part of the garment
Pattern envelope
the package that a pattern is sold in; it contains information such as price, views, yardage, sizes, notions, and suggested fabrics
Pattern guide sheet
step by step information for cutting, marking, and sewing fabric pieces together
Pattern markings
lines and symbols marked on the pattern and transferred to the fabric to help guide construction
Press
raising and lowering the iron from one area to the next
Selvage
the factory finished edge of a fabric
Silhouette
the outline or outer shape of an object
Staystitching
a row of machine stitches through one layer of fabric in order to prevent stretching
Synthetic Fiber
fibers manufactured from substances such as wood pulp, petroleum or natural gas
Topstitching
a row of stitching done on the outside of a garmet
Understitching
a row of stitching used to keep the facing or bottom layer of fabric rolled out of sight
View
a variation on a sewing pattern design
Yardage
the amount of fabric needed to complete a project
Yarn
fibers twisted together or laid side by side
Authoritarian parenting style
a parenting style where parents are highly demanding and controlling, with little or no affection
Caregiver
a person that provides care for and meets the needs of someone else
Conception
union of an ovum and sperm, resulting in the beginning of a pregnancy
Cooperative play
activity in which children actually play with one another
Democratic parenting style
the leader shares, is people-oriented and is open minded
Development
to go through a natural process of growth
Discipline
training that corrects, molds, and perfects ones actions
Emotional development
a developmental process that refers to the ability to experience, express, and control emotions
Guidance
the act or function of providing leadership and direction on how to make wise decisions
Imitation
learning that occurs by watching and copying the actions of others
Intellectual development
a developmental process that refers to the growth of the brain and the use of mental skills
Needs
anything necessary to sustain life
Parallel play
activity in which children play side by side without interacting
Parenting
the process of caring for children and helping them grow and learn
Permissive parenting style
a parenting style that allows freedom, lax parenting that doesn't set limits or enforce rules constantly
Physical development
a developmental process that refers to the physical growth of a person's body; this growth affects height, weight, and internal body systems
Prenatal
from conception to birth
Responsibility
an obligation or duty for which a person is held accountable
Self-discipline
the ability to direct your own behavior in a responsible way
Sibling
a brother or sister
Socialization
the process by which children gradually learn socially acceptable behavior
Abbreviation
a shortened form of a word
Anemia
a condition that results from deficiencies of various nutrients, which is characterized by a reduced number of red blood cells in the blood stream
Cholesterol
a waxy substance produced and needed by the body, also found in animal fats and some plant foods
Cover
the arrangement of the table ware that each diner will need for a meal; also called a place setting
Curdling
formation of curds that happen when milk is overheated or an acid food is added to milk products
Diet
all the food and drink a person regularly consumes
Dovetail
fitting tasks together to make the best use of time; doing two tasks at the same time
Dry heat cooking
cooking food uncovered without added liquid or fat
Enriched
processed foods, especially grain products in which nutrients lost in processing have been replaced; using additives to increase the nutritive value of processed foods beyond the level contained in the food before processing
Equivalent
the same amount expressed in different ways by using different units of measure
Expiration Date
the last day a product is considered fresh
Fiber
indigestible polysaccharides that make up the tough, fibrous cell walls of plants and is used by the body to help move food through the digestive system
Flatware
forks, spoons, knives and serving utensils used to serve and eat food
Ingredient
any one of the individual food items needed to make a recipe
Legumes
dry beans and peas
Moist heat cooking
method in which food is cooked in hot liquid, steam, or a combination of both
Nutrient
chemical substances in food that help to maintain the body
Place setting
the arrangement of the table are that each diner will need for a meal; also called a cover
Pull date
the last day a product may be sold
Recipe
detailed instructions for preparing particular foods
Sanitation
maintaining a clean condition in order to promote hygiene and prevent disease
Serving size
the amount of food item customarily eaten at one time
Unit pricing
the price of an item per ounce, pound, or other accepted unit of measure
UPC
Universal Product Code
Wellness
the process of acquiring and maintaining physical, mental,emotional, and social health
Advertising
a message to persuade consumers to purchase a particular product or service
Alternatives
the different choices you can make to deal with a situation
Attitude
a person's basic outlook on life or a specific topic or issue
Budget
an orderly program for spending, saving, and investing the money you earn to achieve desired goals; also called a financial plan or spending plan
Cancelled check
a check that is stamped to show it has been paid
Check
a written order directing a bank to pay money as instructed from a particular account
Check register
a record of deposits to and withdrawals from a checking account
Comparison shopping
comparing products and prices in different stores before making a purchase
Consumer
a person who uses goods and services
Credit
an arrangement that allows consumers to buy goods or services now and pay for them later
Credit card
a card entitling the holder to goods and services which are charged to his account
Credit rating
a record of whether or not a person has paid his or her bills on time in the past
Deposit
a payment that is a partial amount of the cost of a good or service, or to add money to an account
Expense
the cost of goods and services
Financial plan
an orderly program for spending, saving, and investing the money you earn to achieve desired goals; also called a budget or spending plan
Fixed expenses
set costs that must be paid such as rent, insurance, and car payments
Fraud
act of deceiving or misrepresentation
Identity theft
the illegal use of someone elses personal information
Impulse buying
making an unplanned or quick purchase without giving it much thought
Income
money received that is available to spend and save
Insurance
protection against financial loss
Interest
the price a borrower pays a creditor for the use of money over a period of time
Investment
savings that are used to earn income
Management
using resources effectively to achieve goals and solve problems
Occupation
a regular activity, especially a person's employment or job
Outstanding check
those checks issued by a depositor but not yet reported on a bank statement
Teller
a person who receives or pays out money at a bank
Warranty
a written promise by a manufacturer that a product will meet specified standards of performance
June 11, 1945
founding date of Future Homemakers of America as a national organization in Chicago, Illinois
October 17, 1946
affiliation date of Arkansas Association of Future Homemakers of Americal with national organization
Leadership
the ability to direct and influence others
Parlimentary Procedure
a recognized and acceptable method of conducting an official meeting. A team STAR event, recognizes chapters that develop a working knowledge of parliamentary law and the ability to conduct an FCCLA business meeting
Planning Process
a simple five step method to help FCCLA chapter members and advisors plan individual, group, or chapter activities. The five steps are: identify concerns, set a goal, form a plan, act and follow up
Family, Career, and Community Leaders of America (FCCLA)
an organization for students who are enrolled or have been enrolled in family and consumer sciences classes for at least one semester
Students Taking Action with Recognition (STAR)
competitive events in which FCCLA members are recognized for proficiencey and achievement in chapter and individual projects, leadership skills and occupational preparation