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43 terms

Dates for Colonialism, Art Movements, and WWI

all the dates to memorize for Test 3
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Second Industrial Revolution
1860s
increases in productivity; econ boom thru europe
Paris Commune
1871
Communists take over for 10days...first "rule by workers" in europe
Imperialism
19th century - Europe's want for economic and poliitical power by taking over other countries
King Leopold II
took over Congo Free State 1885
The Best Circles
Victorian England 1900s
Sir Henry Morton Stanley
died 1904
famous for finding Henry Livingstone and infamous for aiding in the set up of the Congo Free State
Social Darwinism
1860 - term coined by Thomas Huxley
scientific racism
Positivism
first proposed by August Comte in 1830
"philosophy of Epistemology" - the world is a knowable place. Rejection of metaphysical knowledge
Charles Darwin
wrote the Origin of the Species in 1859
opposed Polygeniture ideas, but for creditibility's sake his name got stuck with Social Darwinism
Herbert Spencer
coined the term "survival of the fittest" (1857)
founder of Social Darwinism; history is the story of progress from simple to advanced
Cecil Rhodes
had an ambition for England to rule all of Africa "from Cape to Cairo". died 1902
Fin de Siecle
1856-1939
end of the century...impending sense of change
Sigmund Freud
1899 "Interpretation of Dreams"; pyschoanalyst
believed that our subconscious self exerts a major impact on outward behaviour; Id, Ego, Superego
Friedrich Nietzsche
Nihilist and german philosopher "God is Dead"
questioned fundamental meaning of life and universe...believed that there was NO meaning to life...ppl just exist and then die
Realism
Late 19th Century
Trying to capture a single ordinary moment in time...
Beginning of Photography
Impressionism
1870
showed what ppl wanted to see rather than Realism; bright, luminous, but everythings a bit fuzzy... Intentionally perfect.
Edvard Munch
artist; painted The Scream in 1893; depicting Freud's need for "Id explosion"
Expressionistic Movement - response to Impressionistic arts
Pablo Picasso
famous Expressionistic artistic
Belle Epoque
1871 France becomes center of arts; "The Beautiful Era"...peaceful times for Europe..ending with WWI 1914
Triple Entente
England-France-Russia alliance
Dual Alliance
Austria-Hungary + Germany makes an alliance for protection against Russia
Balkans
1877 - Russo-Turkish war fighting over control of Balkans
Melting-pot of ethnicities under Ottoman Empire's control; all of wanted natural resources and central location
Socialists
economic system where the means of production is owned by the people in order to promote distribution of wealth and public welfare
Anti-semitism
govt promotions of scapegoating and racism against the Jewish population in Europe
Dreyfus Affair
1890
Pogroms
1915 govt sanctioned mob violence against Jews in Russia
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
was assassinated in Sarajevo 1914 sparking WWI
Gavrilo Princeps
assassinated the Archduke in 1914
Schlieffen Plan
1914 - the German's plan to wage war on both sides of their country against France and Russia...but were taken by surprize at unforeseen changes
Trench Warfare
1914-1918 terribly bloody war tactic used in WWI
Western Front
France Germany etc..trench warfare...very systematic boundary lines
Eastern Front
fighting along the Russian border...many battles along the entire line..harsher conditions
Shell Shocked
1914-1918 :pychological shock to soldiers who faced bombings
WWI Propaganda
Rallied up nationalism in Europe and US; asked for soldiers and warbonds; de-humanized the enemy in the minds of the citizens; rallied hatred
Russian Revolution
1917 - Czar Nicholas II overthrown in favour of Communism lead by the Bolsheviks
Soviets
1917 - the Soviets were community level organizers who became the face of the govt. Eventually lead the rev
Vladimir Lenin
1917 - Russian Rev and wrote the April Theses, a plan for the Bolsheviks takeover of Russia; Lenin was the brain of the group
Bolsheviks
1917 Communist party in Russia who led the Revolution
October Revolution
1918 - Bolsheviks overthrow Provisional Govt. Lenin exits Russia from WWI, Civil War breaks out, Capital moved to Moscow
Paris Peace Conference
1919-1920 : Ottoman Empire disbanded, Austria Hungary divided; Mandate System set up
Treaty of Versailles
1919 - War Guilt Clause for Germany. Alsace and Lorraine returned to France, Germany forced to pay repairation costs of 132 Marks, loses all colonies, forced to de-militarize.
Mandate System
Ottoman Empire's territories taken over by Allies 1919
Weimer Republic
1919-1933 : ineffective and hated Parliament of Germay after the war...many street protests and violent outbursts throughout country