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Key Words to know and be familiar with for CST


An incident that occurred prior to the main time frame of stories action. When a story or novel goes back in time.


A comparison between two UNLIKE things NOT using "like" or "as."
Example: You are a ray of sunshine.


The feeling/mood a word evokes.
*Negative, neutral (no emotion)


The writer or speakers attitude; the mood of a text.


Giving human qualities to a NON-living thing.
Example: The run down house appeared depressed. The car engine cleared its throat.


The teller of the story.
1st person point of view, "I,me, my,we,us, our";
3rd person point of view, "they, them, their."

MLA format

1. double-spacing
2. 1-inch margins
3. 12 point font
4. Indent second line of citation


An exaggeration that is not meant to be taken literally; such as, "I am as hungry as a horse."


A fable; such as, "The Never Cry Wolf" tale where it teaches you to not tell lies.


Always maintain the same verb-tense in sentences.
Incorrect: Jenny hit the ball, dropping the bat, and ran to first base.
Correct: Jenny hit the ball, dropped the bat, and ran to first base.

precise language

No contractions. No slang. Educated words.
1. The neighborhood had a lot of landscaping.
Which word would best replace " a lot of" to make the sentence more precise.
B. extensive


1.Use BEFORE "and, but,"when separating two complete sentences.
Example: He is nice, but he is not perfect.
2. Use to separate a list of three or more things.
3. Used to section off (before/after) an appositive/descriptive phrase.


1. Joins compound words: death-defying.
2. Joins compound numbers: twenty-four.


1. Joins two sentences that share a similar idea.
Example: John is a good student; he works hard.


1.After a salutation in a business letter.
Dear Mayor Lewis:
2.To introduce a list of 3 or more things, except
after the words "for" or "are."

active voice

When a question asks you for the best revision, always check to see which choice has the "SUBJECT"
mentioned first, then the "VERB."


Type of writing. Fiction=not real. Non-fiction=real. Poem, novel, short story, etc.


The "paragraph" of poetry. Each chunk is a new _________. Yes, poems can be just one ______.


A deeper meaning than the word's original definition.
Example: My friend says I'm a parasite because I always borrow money from him.

works cited

A list of all sources used to write a research paper in MLA format.

book citation

HINT: Always look at the title and if it is italicized or underlined, then it is a book. (Sorry, unsure how to italicize or underline the title below, but it is
Chaos: Making a New Science".)
Gleick, James. Chaos: Making a New Science. New
York: Penguin, 1987. Print.

magazine citation

HINT: Always look at the title and if it is in quotation marks, it is an article (magazine or
newspaper).NOTICE the article "of" in the title is NOT capitalized.
Krugman, Andrew. "Fear of Eating." New York
Times 21 May 2007 late ed.:A1 Print.


Hints or clues about what will happen later in the story or literary work.
Why do I get the feeling you will be the death of me?

passive voice

The subject is being acted upon and is NOT doing the action.
The letter was mailed by Marilyn.

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