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42 terms

Moving To The Modern World

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Triple Alliance
Alliance between Germany, Italy, Austria Hungry
Triple Entente
An alliance between Great Britain, France and Russia in the years before WWI.
Luisitania
March 1917. Sent from German Foreign Secretary, addressed to German minister in Mexico City. Mexico should attack the US if US goes to war with Germany (needed that advantage due to Mexico's promixity to the US). In return, Germany would give back Tex, NM, Arizona etc to Mexico., British passanger ship that was torpedoed by a German U-boat in 1915; 1200 people died and 128 Americans died.
Zimmerman Telegram
Woodrow Wilson's peace plan, set out before war ended, helped bring it to and end because it helped Germans look forward to peace and be willing to surrender, was easy on the germans punishment for war. Points included: poeple all over the world are to determine their own fate, (self-determination)no colonial powers grabbing nations, free trade, no secret pacts, freedom of the seas, arms reduction, creation of world orginization/League of Nations., March 1917. Sent from German Foreign Secretary, addressed to German minister in Mexico City. Mexico should attack the US if US goes to war with Germany (needed that advantage due to Mexico's promixity to the US). In return, Germany would give back Tex, NM, Arizona etc to Mexico.
14 Points
The peace treaty between Allies and Germany that formally ended WW1 on June 19, 1919., Woodrow Wilson's peace plan, set out before war ended, helped bring it to and end because it helped Germans look forward to peace and be willing to surrender, was easy on the germans punishment for war. Points included: poeple all over the world are to determine their own fate, (self-determination)no colonial powers grabbing nations, free trade, no secret pacts, freedom of the seas, arms reduction, creation of world orginization/League of Nations.
Treaty of Versailles
an international organazation up after World War I to prevent futer wars, the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
Leauge of Nations
an international organazation up after World War I to prevent futer wars
Archduke Ferdinand
heir to the throne of Austria Hungary; assassinated by Gavrilo Princip, a bosnian serb.; sparked WWI
Kaiser Wilhem I
Emeror of the united germany, allowed Bismark to make many decisions
Treaty of Brest Litovsk
treaty in which Russia lost substantial territory to the Germans. This ended Russian participation in the war.
Reparations
payment for damages after a war
Schlieffen Plan
A plan Germany had to attack france, Attack plan by Germans, proposed by Schliffen, lightning quick attack against France. Proposed to go through Belgium then attack France, Belgium resisted, other countries took up their aid, long fight, used trench warfare.
Nicholas II
the last czar of Russia who was forced to abdicate in 1917 by the Russian Revolution
Bolsheviks
Led by Vladimir Lenin it was the Russian communist party that took over the Russian goverment during WWI
Vladimir Lenin
Russian founder of the Bolsheviks and leader of the Russian Revolution and first head of the USSR (1870-1924)
Rasputin
Siberian peasant monk who was religious advisor in the court of Nicholas II
Alexander Kerensky
Headed the Provisional Government in 1917. Refused to redistribute confiscated landholdings to the peasants. Thought fighting the war was a national duty.
Leon Trotsky
Russian revolutionary and Communist theorist who helped Lenin and built up the army
Joseph Stalin
Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition (1879-1953)
Great Purge
The widespread arrests and executions of over a million people by Josef Stalin between 1936 and 1938. Stalin was attempting to eliminate all opposition to his rule of the Soviet Union.
Nazi Party
the political party founded in Germany in 1919 and brought to power by Hitler in 1933
Facist Party
Party set up by Mussolini to gain power
Appeasement
the act of appeasing (as by acceding to the demonds of)
Blitzkrieg
"Lighting war", typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland n 1939
Axis Powers
Germany, Italy, Japan
Allied Powers
Great Britain, France, Russia
Hitler
German Nazi dictator during World War II (1889-1945)
Mussolini
founded fascism and ruled Italy for almost 21 years, most of that time as dictator. He dreamed of building Italy into a great empire, but he led his nation to defeat in World War II (1939-1945) and was executed by his own people.
Eisenhower
United States general who supervised the invasion of Normandy and the defeat of Nazi Germany
Macarthur
United States general who served as chief of staff and commanded Allied forces in the South Pacific during World War II
Churchill
a Canadian town in northern Manitoba on Hudson Bay
Anti-Semitism
prejudice against Jews
Concentration Camp
a penal camp where political prisoners or prisoners of war are confined (usually under harsh conditions)
Nuremburg Laws
Laws that classified a jew as someone having one or more jewish grandparent
Kristallnacht
Night of Broken Glass, Nov 9 1938 night when the Nazis killed or injured many jews & destroyed many jewish propertys
Neville Chamberlain
British statesman who as Prime Minister pursued a policy of appeasement toward fascist Germany (1869-1940)
Francisco Franco
Spanish general whose armies took control of Spain in 1939 and who ruled as a dictator until his death (1892-1975)
Munich Conference
1938 conference at which European leaders attempted to appease Hitler by turning over the Sudetenland to him in exchange for promise that Germany would not expand Germany's territory any further.
Charles De Gaulle
French general and statesman who became very popular during World War II as the leader of the Free French forces in exile (1890-1970)
Midway
naval battle of World War II (June 1942)
Lend Lease Act
allowed sales or loans of war materials to any country whose defense the president deems vital to the defense of the U.S
D-Day
Planned June 5th June 6 1944 Germans occupied Normandy France Germans though it would occur at Calais and goal was to liberate Paris