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Sympathetic nerve impulses usually cause proportional degrees of vasodilation in the afferent and efferent arterioles
If the osmotic pressure of the blood plasma is decreased, the glomerular filtration rate is increased
The glomerular filtrate in the proximal convoluted tubule is isotonic to the plasma of the peritubular capillary
Active transport mechanisms have limited transport capacities because the renal tubule is not very permeable to the absorption of molecules
An increase in sodium reabsorption increases water reabsorption by actively transporting sodium ions into the blood
ADH functions to increase absorption of water from urine into blood by increasing the permeability of the distal convoluted tubules and collecting ducts
Inulin and para-aminohippuric acid (PAH) can be used to determine glomerular filtration rate and the rate of blood flow through the kidneys
The greatest amount of carbon dioxide transported in the blood is in the form of dissolved carbon dioxide
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