52 terms

Phlebotomy Terms

basal state
The resting metabolic state of the body early in the morning after fasting for a minimum of of 12 hours.
A product of the breakdown of red blood cells.
Swelling due to abnormal accumulation of fluid in the tissue.
A swelling or mass of blood (often clotted) such as that caused by blood leaking from a blood vessel during or following venipuncture.
A decrease in the fluid content of the blood, with a subsequent increase in nonfilterable large molecule-or protein-based blood components such as red blood cells.
Damage or deconstruction of RBCs and release of hemoglobin into the fluid portion of a specimen, causing the serum color to range from pink (slight hemolysis) to red (gross hemolysis)
The condition of serum or plasma that contains hemoglobin from broken RBCs.
Also called icterus; a condition characterized by increased bilirubin (a product of the breakdown of red blood cells) in the blood, leading to the deposition of yellow bile pigment in the skin, mucous membranes, and sclerae (white of the eyes) giving the patient a yellow appearance.
Increased lipid content in the blood
Breast excision or removal.
Medical term for fainting, the loss of consciousness and postural tone that results from insufficient blood flow to the brain.
The process of recording in the order received.
To secure firmly, as in holding a vein in place by pulling the skin taut with the thumb.
As soon as possible
bedside manner
The behavior of a healthcare provider toward or as perceived by a patient.
concentric circles
Circles with a common center; starting from the center and moving outward in ever-widening arcs.
Do not resuscitate/Do not attempt resuscitation
No food or drink except water for approximately 12 hours.
A type of care for patients who are terminally ill.
ID band/bracelet
Identification band/ bracelet
ID card
Clinic-issued patient identification document.
MR number
Medical record number used for patient ID.
needle sheath
Needle cap or cover
Nothing by mouth
Examine by feel or touch
patient ID
The process of verifying a patient's identity.
The backflow of blood into a patient's vein from the collection tube during venipuncture.
The form on which test orders are entered and sent to the laboratory.
A substance placed within a tube or collection container. Can be a liquid, powder, or spray-dried coating.
A substance that prevents blood from clotting
antiglycolytic agent
A substance that prevents glycolysis, the breakdown or metabolism of glucose by blood cells.
A substance that inhibits the growth of bacteria and is used to clean the skin.
The point of a needle that is cut on a slant for ease of skin entry.
butterfly needle
Another term for a winged infusion set.
clot activator
A substance that enhances the coagulation process.
Substance or solution used to remove or kill microorganisms on surfaces and instruments.
Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, and anticoagulant that prevents coagulation by binding or chelating calcium; it is used for hematology studies because it preserves cell morphology and inhibits platelet clumping.
evacuated tube
Type of tube used in blood collection that has a premeasured vacuum and is color-coded to denote the additive inside.
A number that relates to the diameter of the lumen of a needle
Anticoagulant the prevents clotting by inhibiting thrombin formation.
The end of the needle that attaches to the blood collection device; also the threaded end of a tube holder where the needle attaches.
The inner space of a blood vessel or tube.
order of draw
A special sequence in tube collection that is intended to minimize additive carryover or cross-contamination problems.
The long cylindrical portion of a needle.
sharps container
A special puncture resistant, leak proof, disposable container used to dispose of used needles, lancets, and other sharp objects
sodium citrate
An anticoagulant that prevents clotting by binding calcium and is used for coagulation tests because it does the best job of preserving the coagulation factors.
sodium fluoride
An additive that preserves glucose and inhibits the growth of bacteria.
Serum separator tubes
thixotropic gel
An inert synthetic gel substance in some ETS tubes that forms a physical barrier between the cells and serum or plasma when the specimen is centrifuged.
winged infusion set
A 1/2 to 3/4 inch stainless steel needle permanently connected to 5 to 12 inch length of tubing with either a Luer attachment for syringe use or a multisample Luer adapter for use with the evacuated tube; also called a butterfly needle.