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Terms in this set (33)

Kraut's Reevaluation of Socrates' Claim
Biōtos: (Greek) to be lived
Kraut: it is not that the unexamined life is not worth living it is that it is 'not to be lived'
-Hierarchical view: you could be at a moderate level of fulfillment by engaging in minimal self-examination but you would be missing something (i.e. lack of love)
The Unexamined Lives of Euthyphro, Crito, Ion
and Glaucon
Euthyphro: puts his father on trial because he killed an employee
Socrates: Euthyphro thinks he knows what justice, virtue and right action are because he is not engaging in self-examination resulting in an improper decision to prosecute his father
Crito: one of Socrates' followers tries to help Socrates escape prison because will be embarrassed of what people would think of him if he did not
Socrates: Crito is living an unexamined life because he is more driven by the fear of embarrassment rather than doing what is right
Ion: he is a 'rhapsode' (reciter of epic poetry) who recited Homer's Odyssey
Socrates: Ion lives an unexamined life because he is an empty vessel that only repeats lines from a poem and has no understanding of what they mean or whether they are plausible
Glaucon: 'if I had a ring that would made me invisible, I would wear it to have an advantage over people' (i.e. to steal, break and enter)
Socrates: Glaucon was tempted by the prospect of getting power, wealth, ect. in a cheating way because he lived an unexamined life since those things were gained despite the repercussions
*These people are living lives that are not worth while or 'to be lived' because they are missing something of value
Euthyphro (who is dogmatic about piety & justice)
Crito (who is afraid what others might think)
Ion (who is a mouthpiece for others)
Glaucon (who is tempted by the Ring of Gyges)
Person Stage (P1,P2,PN): an individual moment of a person's life
Diachronic: how things are over a stretch of time
Question of identity: P1 is a stage of the same person as P2 if and only if...?
*what it is for an entity A at time T to be one and the same thing as entity B at time T+N
Synchronic: how things are at a certain time
Question of identity: P1 is a person if and only if...?
*what it is for a thing to be an entity at any given time
Apparent Memory: what you seem to remember
Genuine Memory: what you actually remember

Locke's Unrefined View on Personal Identity

Synchronic Personal Identity: a thinking intelligent being, that has reason and reflection, can consider itself as the same thinking thing in different times and places
*You must consider yourself a thinking thing to be a person
Diachronic Personal Identity: Person in P1 (entity A at time T) is the same person as the person in P2 (entity B at time + N) if and only if the person in P2 remembers at least one thing from P1

Locke and Surviving the Loss of Your Body

-You could go to heaven, no longer having a body and remember experiences that you had as a terrestrial being and recognize yourself which proves that you are yourself because of memory links
The Prince and the Cobbler: a prince's brain and CNS have been transplanted into the body of a cobbler and vice versa. The later person stage of the prince can remember the experiences had by the earlier person stage of the prince and likewise for the cobbler
Psychological continuity theory: self-identity is not found in the body substance as the body may change while the person remains the same

Locke and Multiple Inhabitants of One Body
Locke: There might be multiple persons inside one human being
Inconsistency: if two selves were created from a severed corpus callosum and put into separate bodies then both would have memories regressing back to P1