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93 terms

English Second Semester Exam

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Abate
to make less in amount, degree
Accrue
to grow or accumulate over time
Acrimonius
stinging, bitter in temper or tone
Anathema
an object of intense dislike
Annotation
a critical or explanatory note or comment, esp. for a literary work
Aspersion
a damaging or derogatory statement
Avarice
a greedy desire, particularly for wealth
Beneficent
performing acts of kindness or charity
Cadaverous
pale, gaunt, resembling a corpse
Cajole
to coax, persuade through flattery or artifice
Castigate
to punish severely
Contingent
likely but not certain to happen, possible
Contingent
likely but not certain to happen, possible
Corpulent
fat
Covert
hidden, disguised, purposefully kept secret
Dun
to demand insistently, especially in payment of a debt
Efficacious
Effective, producing results
Fortuitous
Accidental, occurring by a happy chance
Imperious
overbearing, arrogant
Invective
a strong denunciation or condemnation
Munificent
extremely generous, lavish
Provocative
tending to produce a strong feeling or response
Recondite
exceeding ordinary knowledge and understanding
Sedentary
characterized by or calling for continued sitting
Culpable
deserving blame, worthy of condemnation
Dilatory
tending to delay or procrastinate, not prompt
Egregious
conspicuous, standing out from the mass (used particularly in an unfavorable sense)
Equivocate
to speak or act in a way that allows for more than one interpretation
Irresolute
unable to make up one's mind, hesitating
Novice
one who is just a beginner at some activity requiring skill and experience (also used adjectivally)
Penury
extreme poverty
Recapitulate
to review a series of facts
Supposition
something that is assumed or taken for granted without conclusive evidence
Torpid
inactive, sluggish, dull
Ennui
weariness and dissatisfaction from lack of occupation nor interest, boredom
Heinous
very wicked, offensive, hateful
Immutable
not subject to change, constant
Transmute
to change from one nature, substance, or form to another
Disconcert
to confuse
Mitigate
to make milder or softer, to moderate in force or intensity
Pillage
to rob of goods by open force (as in war), plunder
Punctilious
very careful and exact, attentive of fine points of etiquette or propriety
Vulnerable
open to attack
Disavow
to deny responsibility for or connection with
Hypothetical
based on assumption or guess
Impugn
to call into question
Odium
hatred, contempt
Subservient
subordinate in capacity or role
Anomalous
abnormal,irregular, departing from the usual
Infraction
a breaking of a law or obligation
Discursive
passing aimlessly from one place or subject to another, rambling, roving, nomadic
Dowdy
poorly dressed, shabby
Palpable
capable of being touched or felt
Pernicious
extremely harmful
Salient
leaping, jumping, or springing forth
Satiate
to satisfy completely
Expurgate
to remove objectionable passages or words from a written text
Heresy
an opinion different from accepted belief
Sinecure
a position requiring little or no work
Specious
deceptive, apparently good or valid but lacking real merit
Surreptitious
stealthy, secret, intended to escape observation
Alliteration
the recurrence of initial consonant sounds. The repetition is usually limited to two words
Allusion
a causal and brief reference to a famous historical or literary figure or event
Antithesis
Establishing a clear, contrasting relationship between two ideas by joining them together or juxtaposing them, often in parallel structure
Apostrophe
the direct address of a person or personified thing, either present or absent.
Assonance
the use of similar vowel sounds repeated in successive or proximate words containing different consonants
Blank Verse
Unrhymed iambic pentameter
Conceit
an elaborate, usually intellectually ingenious poetic comparison or image, such as an analogy or metaphor in which, say a beloved is compared to a ship, planet, etc.
End-Stopped
a line that has a natural pause at the end (period, comma, etc.)
Foot
the basic unit of meter consisting of a group of two or three syllables; most frequently used in poems
Free verse
a verse that has neither regular rhyme nor regular meter; often uses cadences rather than uniform metrical feet
Heroic Couplet
two lines of rhyming iambic pentameter.
Humanism
the new emphasis in the Renaissance on human culture, education and reason, sparked by a revival of interest in classical Greek and Roman literature, culture, and language
Humours
In medieval physiology, four liquids in the human body affecting behavior
Hyperbole
Exaggeration used for emphasis; can be used to heighten effect, to catalyze recognition, or to crate a humorous perception
Irony
a mode of expression, through words (verbal irony) or events (irony of situation), conveying a reality different from and usually opposite to appearance or expectation
Metaphor
a comparison which imaginatively identifies one thing with another dissimilar thing, and transfers or ascribes to the first thing (the tenor or idea) some of the qualities of the second (the vehicle or image)
Metaphysical Poetry
the term metaphysical was applied to a style of 17th century poetry first by John Dryden and later by Dr. Samuel Johnson because of the highly intellectual and often abstruse imagery involved
Meter
the rhythmic pattern that emerges when words are arranged in such a way that their stressed and unstressed syllables fall into a more or less regular sequence
Metonymy
another form of metaphor, very similar to synecdoche (and, in fact, some rhetoricians do not distinguish between the two), in which a closely associated object is substituted for the object or idea in mind
Mock Epic
treating a frivolous or minor subject seriously, especially by using the machinery and devices of the epic (invocations, descriptions of armor, battles, extended similes),etc.
Onomatopoeia
the use of words which in their pronunciation suggest their meaning.
Oxymoron
a paradox reduced to words, usually in an adjective-noun or adverb-adjective relationship, and is used for effect, to emphasize contrasts, incongruities, hypocrisy, or simply the complex nature of reality
personification
the metaphorical representation of an animal or inanimate object as having human attributes
Rhyme
the similarity between syllable sounds at the end of two or more lines
Satire
a manner of writing that mixes a critical attitude with wit and humor in an effort to improve mankind and human institutions
Simile
a direct, expressed and comparison between two things essentially unlike each other, but resemble each other in at least one way
Sonnet
a fourteen line poem, usually in iambic pentameter, with a varied rhyme scheme.
Symbol
something that is itself and yet also represents something else, like an idea
Synecdoche
a form of metaphor in which the part stands for the whole, the whole for a part, the genus for the species, the species for the genus, the material for the thing made, or in short, any portion, section, or main quality for the whole thing itself (or vice versa)
Tone
the writer's attitude toward his readers and his subject
Versification
generally, the structural form of a verse, as revealed by scansion
Consonance
is a stylistic device, most commonly used in poetry and songs, characterized by the repetition of the same consonant two or more times in short succession,