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Theatre History Exam 2
Terms in this set (55)
begins whenever a character enters or exits and continues until the next entrance or exit
Usually marked by the playwright
two rhyming iambic pentameter lines of the same length that complete one thought
What and Who: Shakespeare Sonnets
Dedicated to W.H. It is a mystery
154 of them
Comedies of Manors and Restoration Period
17th and 18th century comedies that focused on the proper social behavior of a single class.
a performance space in which the audience views the action as if through a picture frame
Religious/morality plays in Golden Age Spain.
Spanish Golden Age: what were the Plays called?
Commedias: any full-length play
Christopher Marlowe (who are they, contributions to theatre, facts and major works)
One of the most talented English playwrights
Noted by critics for his vigorous command of blank verse and brilliance of his language.
Wrote Tamburlaine, The Jew of Malta, Edward II and The Tragical History of Dr. Faustus.
Ben Johnson (who are they, contributions to theatre, facts and major works)
Considered the finest Elizabethan playwright
Wrote 20 plays, 40 court masques and 11 books
Most productive during Jacobean Era
Wrote Volpone, The Fox, and The Alchemist
William Shakespeare (who are they, contributions to theatre, facts and major works)
History plays: Richard II..., Henry IV...,
Tragedies: Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet, Macbeth
Comedies: As You Like It, Much Ado About Nothing, 12th Night, Midsummer, All's well that ends well
Contribution: Created his own language for his plays
Lope de Vega (who are they, contributions to theatre, facts and major works)
Most popular Spanish playwright
Most popular: The Sheep Well
Moliere (who are they, contributions to theatre, facts and major works)
Greatest comic writer
The School for Wives, Tartuffe, The Misanthrope, Imaginary Invalid, The Miser
Denied burial because he was an actor but Louis XIV intervened
The Tragical History of Dr. Faustus (What goes on?)
Dr Faustus wants to learn more
Good angel and Bad angel appear
He chooses bad magic
summons demon Mephistopheles
Sells soul for 24 years of magic
7 deadly sins encourage him
Meph. takes him to rome
They set Bruno free
Faustus does magic for German Emperor
Benvolio scoffs, he grows horns, chops Faustus head off, Faustus rise from dead
Faustus trick everyone, they leave him alone
He then dies and is taken to hell
Life is a Dream (What goes on?)
Rosaura finds Segismundo and her father.
Father does not kill her, goes to king.
King does not kill her. Brings Segismundo to castle to tell he is prince.
Segismundo angry, fight Astolfo
Goes back to jail
Estrella and Segis. get married.
The Passion Play at Oberammergau (What goes on?)
Every 10 years
Play about Christ's death and resurrection in Oberammergau
1000's of actors
The Tempest (What goes on?)
Prospero make storm
Prospero's slave want to leave
Ariel stops him
Ferdinand (not dead) falls in love with Prospero's daughter, Miranda
Prospero reveals identity to brother
Ariel is set free
a poetic meter that is made up of 5 stressed syllables each followed by an unstressed syllable
commedia dell'arte stock characters
Masters- Pantalone, Dottore, Il Capitano
Servants- Scapino, Harlequin
Chariot and Pole System
System of ropes and sleds (chariots) below stage, move back and forth, flats/poles on top, eventually mechanized by pulleys
Invented by Giacomo Torelli, used to move scenery.
a raised stage where actors waited for cues and changed costumes
where characters appeared and disappeared.
opened in 1599
The Rose theater
opened in 1587 (Admirals men)
The Fortune theater
opened in 1600 (Admirals men)
roofed and smaller. More sophisticated audiences. Could understand more of the poetic language. Action onstage more rapidly. Royal official, Master of the revels, licensed acting companies.
actors would bring from home
sharing companies v. householders
SC- members shared expenses, profits, responsibilities
HH- people who owned the theater building
The Lord Chamberlain's men's greatest actor originated in Richard III, Hamlet, King Lear, Othello.
Leading Actor in Lord Admiral's men. Important rival to Burbage. Originated roles written by Christopher Marlowe.
Late 16th century English playwrights. Chris Marlowe, Robert Greene, Thomas Nashe, Thomas Lodge, George Peele
the groove system
Grooves in floor allowed wings to move on/off stage
- other panels revealed for quick changes
- scene changes were not hidden
- curtains only used at beginning and end
T/F: Spanish Theatre stole from Greek and Roman Theatre
characters in neoclassical drama we're expected to embody the traits appropriate for their sex, age and social class.
Unity of time, place, and action
limiting the time, place, and action of a play to a single spot and a single action over the period of 24 hours.
led the Protestant Reformation
women in Spanish theatre
Spanish theatre allowed women to act after the mid 1880s. Tried to remove the privilege in 1587 and 1589
Led England as Lord-not King.
due to war thebes closed in...
cloud machines and flying devices
pioneer in masque theatre. Designed all the scenic machines, and all the detailed costumes
Humanism, secularism, reformation
admiration for humankind and concern for people and their earthly lives
A doctrine that rejects religion and religious considerations.
scenery hung at back of stage
paired flats, each pair is closer together and farther from the audience
single point perspective
All elements in painting converge on single point in distance to create depth and realism
Located in Vicenza; the first example of a permanent theatre
a scenic effect that, by exaggerating the effects of perspective, makes a set look bigger than it really is
a slanted stage, where upstage is slightly higher than downstage
between 1576 and 1642. Partially roofed auditorium, that surrounded an open yard, unroofed. The four main public theaters were The Fortune, Globe, Rose, and Curtain.
The reign of Elizabeth I (1558-1603)
The nation achieved political & religious stability.
wrote The Spanish Tragedy
6 Important traits of the Golden Age of English Plays
An early point of attack
several lines of action
A large number and variety of incidents
A large number and variety of characters
A varied language
Free use of time and space
What happened in 1558?
Religious drama was outlawed.
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