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Health Assessment Exam 2 Study Questions: Chapters 12, 19, 20, 22
Terms in this set (40)
What is a protrusion of abdominal viscera through abdominal opening in the muscle wall?
What type of valves separate the atria and the ventricles?
What indicates turbulence due to a local vascular cause such atherosclerotic narrowing?
What is described as an outward curvature of the thoracic spine?
What is a BMI over 30 considered?
What sounds is made my a cardiac valve disorder?
What is a BMI between 25 and 29.9 considered?
What position do patients with COPD frequently position themselves in (leaning forward with arms braced against knees)
What breath sounds occur with auscultation over the peripheral lung fields where air flows through smaller bronchioles and alveoli?
What is a constant birdlike hardness of the muscles upon abdominal palpation?
What grade of murmur is clearly audible, but faint?
What are auscultated abdominal sounds that are loud, high-pitched, rushing sounds that signal increased motility?
hyperactive bowel sounds
Palpable vibration; purring cat; turbulent blood flow
What does shallow breathing and increased respiratory rate indicate?
What position indicates COPD when the client leans forward with arms? Signifies respiratory problems?
Palpable vibration; pleural effusion
What is lower-pitched, booming sound found when too much air is present such as emphysema or pneumothorax?
Dull note: soft, muddled thud; abnormal density in the __________, as with pneumonia, pleural effusion
High, loud, shorter during inspiration, longer during expiration
Moderate pitch and amplitude, equal duration during inspiration and expiration
Low, soft; longer during inspiration, shorter during expiration; rustling, sound of trees; over peripheral lung fields where air flows through smaller bronchioles and alveoli
discontinuous popping sounds heard during inspiration
continuous musical sounds heard mainly over expiration (ronchi)
difficulty in swallowing
How should the client be lying during abdominal pain?
supine with knees bent
Where should the abdominal assessment start?
right lower quadrant
What happens during S1?
AV valves close
Turbulence; cardiac disorder; blowing whooshing sound
the phasic speeding up or slowing down with the respiratory cycle; rhythm varies with person's breathing; increases at peak of inspiration; slowing with expiration
Excess adrenocortical hormone causes the skin to be fragile and easily broken from normal stretching
the need to assume a more upright position to breathe. Note the exact number of pillows used.
Ribs sloping downward at 45 degree angle
Costal angle normally 90 degrees
Tricuspid and Mitral Valves; S1; Lub; beginning of systole
Aortic and Pulmonic Valves; S2; Dub; beginning of diastole
- Occurs during first half of systole
- Located in either 4th to 5th ICS
- At or medial to the midclavicular line
Palpated in mitral are
- 60 to 100 beats per minute
Located in all four quadrants
liver and gallbladder
Appendix and Reproductive Organs
Pancreas, stomach, spleen
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