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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Antebellum America, Causes of the Civil War, the Emancipation Proclamation, and Reconstruction
Terms in this set (34)
before the war
The states belonging to the United States of America, or the north during the Civil War
Era of Good Feelings
time during Monroe's presidency when the country entered a period of national unity and peace.
A person who wanted to end slavery in the United States
1800s belief that Americans had the right to spread across the continent and began to move out west.
Economics of the North and South
North= Money from factories
South= Money from Farms
Society of the North
many cities, no slave states, blacks were not equal, women cared for the family, men went to work, 4 million immigrants in the North
Society in the South
plantation owners were on top, middle class whites were in the middle, then free blacks, then slaves, many children were illiterate, free blacks were discriminated agains
Political differences between the North and South
More Northerners were republicans, believed in the abolishment of slavery.
Most Southerners were democrats and believed slavery was needed for their economy.
Different parts of the country developing unique and separate cultures (as the North, South and West). This can lead to conflict.
policy of increasing the amount of territory a government holds
Fugitive Slave Law
Passed as part of the Compromise of 1850, it set high penalties for anyone who aided escaped slaves and compelled all law enforcement officers to participate in retrieving runaways. Strengthened the antislavery cause in the North.
"Compromise of 1820" over the issue of slavery in Missouri. It was decided Missouri entered as a slave state and Maine entered as a free state and all states North of the 36th parallel were free states and all South were slave states.
Compromise of 1850
Agreement designed to ease tensions caused by the expansion of slavery into western territories. California was admitted as a free state, the territories of Utah and New Mexico were able to vote on the issue of slavery, and Washing DC abolished slavery.
Dred Scott v. Sanford
Supreme Court case that decided US Congress did not have the power to prohibit slavery in federal territories and slaves, as private property, could not be taken away without due process - basically slaves would remain slaves in non-slave states and slaves could not sue because they were not citizens
Election of 1860
Lincoln, the Republican candidate, won because the Democratic party was split over slavery. As a result, the South no longer felt like it has a voice in politics and a number of states seceded from the Union.
(1856) a series of violent fights between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces in Kansas who had moved to Kansas to try to influence the decision of whether or not Kansas would a slave state or a free state.
A government in which the people rule by their own consent. The right to vote to make decisions.
withdraw formally from membership in a federal union, an alliance, or a political or religious organization.
Harper's Ferry Raid
Occurred in October of 1859. John Brown of Kansas attempted to create a major revolt among the slaves. He wanted to ride down the river and provide the slaves with arms from the North, but he failed to get the slaves organized. Brown was captured. The effects of Harper's Ferry Raid were as such: the South saw the act as one of treason and were encouraged to separate from the North, and Brown became a martyr to the northern abolitionist cause.
Proclamation issued by Lincoln, freeing all slaves in areas still at war with the Union. It was used as a military strategy to weaken the south and gain more soldiers in the north.
13th Amendment (1865)
Abolishes and prohibits slavery
14th Amendment (1868)
Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and are guaranteed equal protection of the laws
15th Amendment (1870)
States cannot deny any person the right to vote because of race.
the period after the Civil War in the United States when the southern states were reorganized and reintegrated into the Union
Positive and Negative Effects of Reconstruction
-Union is restored
-African Americans gain citizenship and voting rights
-South's economy and infrastracture are improved
-Carpetbaggers and Scalawags
-Southern states establish public school system
-KKK and other groups terrorize Black Communities
-Sharecropping system takes hold in South
-Led to Black Codes and Jim Crow laws
-Plessy vs Ferguson
Legacy of Reconstruction
Protection for civil rights became part of the Constitution, groups throughout the country created which would become the legal basis for civil rights laws of today.
A northerner who went to the South immediately after the Civil War; especially one who tried to gain political advantage or other advantages from the disorganized situation in southern states
Southern whites who supported Republican policy through reconstruction and went against the leaders of the south.
A system used on southern farms after the Civil War in which farmers worked land owned by someone else in return for a small portion of the crops.
Laws denying most legal rights to newly freed slaves; passed by southern states following the Civil War
Jim Crow Laws
Laws designed to enforce segregation of blacks from whites
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
Legalized segregation in publicly owned facilities on the basis of "separate but equal."
Ku Klux Klan (KKK)
A secret group whose goal was to "restore" white supremacy
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