160 terms

Organized Crime Test 2 (Britz)

Clemson University Margaret Britz Sociology of Organized Crime (Britz, 2007) Chapters 1-3
History of Motorcycle Gangs
WWII Veterans (POBOBs)
Organizational Ideology
Independence Day in 1947
Hollister, CA

POBOBS (Pissed off Bastards of Berdoo)= Hells Angels
Removed members
Members can age out and "retire"
Tattoos are club property
Sergeant in arms has to check up on the tattoos being removed
They will be skinned
The Big Four
Hell's Angels
The Outlaws
The Bandidos
The Pagans
Mongols - many argue that the "Big Four" be expanded to include this group or that the Mongols should replace the Pagans
Hell's Angels
Dividing line for west and east is Omaha, NE

Founded after WWII
Unique criminal pursuits all over the country
Continually in the media spotlight
Where were the Angels found, and strongest presence
Founded in California, strongest in Cali and West and New England and New York
Criminal Activities
Insurance fraud
Welfare fraud
Public assistance

Involved in manufacturing and trafficking of narcotics
Primary Source of Revenue
Sonny Barger
US vet
He said that he was older than he was, so he could go off to war
Joined the POBOBs
Written a couple of books
Disavows any knowledge of criminal activity
Instrumental in expansionism of Hell's Angels
Came up with attorneys on retainer
Corporate attorneys
Ip and logo infringement
Very strict in their rules on attending church
No criminal activity discussed at church
Bail bondsmen on retainer if you pay your dues
make sure they don't get flipped
More info on Hell's Angels
Local harley davidson shops often owned by members
International Presence
A lot of celebrities
Angels hung out with the Rolling Stones
The Outlaws
Predominantly around Great Lakes and East Coast
Involved in drug trafficking, forced prostitution
Very barbaric to women

Presence in Canada is concerning, war with Angels is becoming and international conflict
Taco Bowman
"I am the only one I am responsible for"
More involved in random violence

Bowman was on the top most wanted fugitives for a year, never moved
Traffic in white women from the US
The Outlaws were founded by:
John Davis of Chicago in 1969
Who did the Outlaws war with:
Hell's Angels
Outlaw Carolina Representation
More outlaws in NC
More angels in SC
Outlaws Headquarters
The Bandidos
Fastest growing group
100 chapters in 10 countries
Allied with Outlaws
Bandido's Headquarters
Headquarters in Corpus Christi, TX with 5,000 members
Bandido's Criminal Activity
Involved in prostitution, narcotics, theft, murder-for-hire, etc
The Pagans
Smallest of the Big Four
Dominate northeastern methamphetamine markets

Not an international presence
Known for fights with the mob
Pagan's Headquarters
Home Base in New York
Criminal Activity
Dominate northeastern meth amphetamine markets
The Pagans gang relations
Performed hits for LCN
Work with LCN
The Pagans are nobody's puppet
Not your patsy, rather have mutual benefits
Pagan Rules Regarding Old Ladies (5)
1. Members are responsible for their old ladies.
2. Members may not have more than one Old Lady.
3. Members may not discuss club business with their Old Lady
4. No Old Ladies allowed at meetings.
5. No property patch is worn on an Old lady. So if you see a chick, you better ask before you leap.
Colors, Tattoos, and Membership Rituals
Very selective membership
Background checks, family histories
Four step initiation process
Honorary Members
Rockers and emblems worn on jacket
Official Uniforms
Honorary Members (2 types)
ones who have retired in good standing
nonpatch-wearing individuals who have helped the club in some way
Organizational Structure
Vice President
Chapter Secretary/Treasurer
Sergeant at Arms
Road Captain
Club Members
Rules and Regulations
Formalized Rules
Violent Enforcement
Group membership comes before anything else
Attendance at "church" and runs
Supremacist ideology
Respect of other members
Club tattoos
Women and the Outlaw Subculture
No female membership
Highly sexualized, marginal positions
Female promiscuity is punished
Powerful women targeted
"Broads, Mamas, Old Ladies"
"Property of ___________" jackets
Criminal Activities
Violent behavior and victimization of others
Due to their lifestyle and lawlessness, OMGs are better suited than most to operate criminal organizations
Criminal networks
Safe houses and covers
Primary source of revenue
Hells Angels are largest supplier of methamphetamines in the country
Authorities mainly concentrate on Hells Angels
Gangs are very possessive over their distribution zones

OMGs found to market, manufacture, and distribute herion, cocaine, marijuana, seconal, STP, MDA, PCP, etc
Prostitution and Protection
Prostitution rings and brothels
Females there because of drug addiction, threats, and intimidation tactics
Protection rackets in drinking establishments and social clubs
Establishment of "legitimate" businesses
Other Criminal Activities
Insurance fraud
Motorcycle repair shops
Assaults, rape, and savage murders
Some attacks on innocent families and children
Gang Wars
Very common
Bandidos in Sydney, Australia
1974 feud of Hells Angels and Outlaws
Many attacks around the country
Gangs in Canada
1970s and Sonny Barger charging to Canada
Expansion without much violence
Wars spreading to Canada
Politicians refusing to recognize the organizations
Gangs in Australia
32 active groups and 4,000 members
Native groups and foreign groups
Bandidos at war with local groups
Gypsy Jokers involved in drug trafficking
Anti-gang Law Enforcement
Defense funds and bail bondsmen
Law enforcement efforts abroad
Supremacists' History
Patterns of intolerance inconsistent with democratic ideals
Racial and religious intolerance
Native Americans
White Supremacists
Hate Crimes
Many more groups than white supremacists
Black Panthers
Targeting disadvantaged youths
Martyrs of the White Supremacist/Militia Movement
Gordon Kahl
Randy Weaver
David Koresh
Martyrs of the Black Militant Movement
Elmer "Geronimo" Pratt
Mumia Abu Jamal
Martyrs of the Black Militant Movement
Pratt- 1972, Jamal- 1981 , MOVE, 6 adults and 5 children killed 1985

Pratt -member of the black supremacist party
The reason he was prosecuted was meant to take down black supremacists
Celebrity on death row
Malcolm X and the Nation of Islam
Upbringing much like Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Claimed that White people were "devils"
Studied philosophy
Banished from the Nation of Islam
Started the OAAU
Shot in 1965 by former "brothers" of the Nation of Islam, his death served as a rallying point for many black males
Current State of the Nation of Islam
Ten most frequently cited conciliatory requirements include freedom, justice, end to police brutality, exemption from ALL taxes, prohibition of interracial marriage.
Also advocate releasing ALL black criminals
Resurgence in popularity
Black Panthers
Gained national attention in the Civil Rights era
Militant approach, was like the Nation, but no religious principles
Victims randomly selected by race
Huey Newton
Intimidation of local business people
Some recent resurgence
1991 the Black Panthers newspaper was restarted
Black Guerilla Family and Black Prison Gangs
Violence as a demonstration of force
BGF started in San Quentin in 1966, had a Maoist philosophy
Attacked and assaulted non-black inmates and prison officials
Powers mainly remain in prison system
Similarities Among Black Supremacist Gangs
Militancy is most prevalent in times of economic/political depression
Patriarchal, "traditional" family values
Recruit vulnerable individuals
White Supremacist Groups
In 1600s, racism as a result of colonialism
Not all racism confined to the South, immigrants have been persecuted since the 1840s
Religious persecution
Economic vulnerability has led to replenishment of traditional hate organizations (KKK) and emergence of loosely formed youth gangs
Ku Klux Klan History
The Reconstruction Klan and the "Invisible Empire" (1865-1896)
The Klan Resurfaces: Americanism, Anti-Immigration, and Political Corruption (1910s-1950s)
The Third Wave: Civil Rights to Desegregation (1950s-1970s)
In the south, more violent, broader base of targets than second wave
Today's Klan: Education, Legitimacy, and Religion (1970-Present)
Violence in the South
David Duke
Judgments against the Klan
White Aryan Resistance
Started in the 1980s by Tom Metzger
Disturbed works like The Anarchist's Cookbook and The White Man's Bible, and had a T.V. program called "Race and Reason"
Reached people through music
Claimed society was controlled by Jews, minorities, and homosexuals
Condoned violence
Took over the Aryan Youth Movement
First group in the Haight-Ashbury district
Lack of formalization and leaders compared to WAR & AYM
Many incidents occurred in 1996, including the killing of Jayson Linsky in Boston
Competitions in the lower and middle classes

WAR= White Aryan Resistance
AYM= Aryan Youth Movement
Aryan Nations
Christian Identity Movement (CIM) and California's Christian Defense League (CCDL)
Richard Butler took the ideas and started Aryan Nations
Revolutionary takeover
Beam and Patriot Movement
Current groups are commonly rooted in Hitler's ideology and the American Nazi Party
Koehl and National Socialist White People's Party
William Pierce and National Alliance
The Turner Diaries
The Order
Founded in 1983, most violent and criminal supremacist movement ever
Created by former Klansman Robert Matthews
Believed the Jews were responsible for all of society's problems
Destruction of buildings
Christian Identity
Founded by John Wilson in mid-1800s
Violent anti-Semitism
Seven Covenants of the Bible
Edenic, Adamic, Noahic, Abrahamic, Mosaic, Palestinian, and Davidic Covenants to claim that whites are the true Israelites
Posse Comitatus
Similarities Among White Supremacist Groups
Far-right Christian principles
"Religious right" has become a political force in contemporary society
Exploiting young members
Similarities Between Supremacist Groups and Street Gangs
Economically deprived areas
Less educated members
Members expected to sever ties with outsiders
Street Gang Definition
Most gangs can be categorized into 6 groupings:
Nationwide (Bloods, Crips)
International (Russian, Jamacian)
Immigrant (Chinese, Dominican)
Survival (Vietnamese, Salvadorian)
Immigrants with no family (Vietnamese and MS 13)
Established Gangs (Italian and motorcycle)
Differences Between Supremacist Groups and Street Gangs
Ideological foundations
Political correctness
Recruits from the realms of nuclear families vs. dysfunctional families
Financial driven vs. spread of ideology
Street Gangs History: Nineteenth Century
Five Points area of New York
The Forty Thieves
The Pug Uglies
The Roach Guards and Dead Rabbits
Bowery, Daybreak Boys, Charlton Street
New York riot in 1863
Irish, Italian, and Jewish Gangs
Street Gangs:
Chicago and California
Street gangs affected by migration
Asian Gangs
Mexican and Salvadorian gangs
Gang Identification
Specific to neighborhood
Notes about gangs
Folk has 6 pointed star or crown
Devils horn
Pitch fork

Pitch fork facing down is The People

Graffiti tells a large story about the gangs

Rabbits used to be big in folk graffiti

Hispanic graffiti I s much more sophisticated than African American Graffiti

Tagging used to be an art

Latin disciples
Satins disciples
black gangster disciples

BGD cam out of Cabrini green

Vice lords
Latin kings
Al rouquans
Prison gang that now has a street presence
Mark territory, venerate deceased members, show disdain to other gangs
Contains a prevalent color
Scratchiti (graffiti scratched in surfaces like bus stop shelters)

Often tells a story of the gang
Crips Graffiti
Probably the thing that members hold most sacred
Disregard of colors can result in fights, drive-by shootings, and even murder
Bandanas are worn to show color along with other clothing items
Necklaces and pocket flags are also used
Change in gangs
More sophistication
Less gang violence
Not as much graffiti
Bad for business to fight
Less geographic
Can have origin in the history of the gang
Specific jewelry, hats, and tattoos
If a rival gang captures a symbol, it may be worn upside-down to show disrespect
Religion, black magic, and culture
Symbolic greetings, prayers, and ritualistic gatherings
Imitate cults by initiation rites
Some rituals like fraternity pledging
Hand Signs
Use to acknowledge affiliation
Used to challenge another gang ("throwing signs")
Putting a rival's gang sign upside down can result in violent consequences
Gang Signs
Extensions of graffiti, show membership
Name, initials, and symbols of gang
Can be used to venerate fallen members
Members can get as many tattoos as they want
Organization of a Gang
Leadership can differ according to the gang's criminal activities
Membership—many are hard-core members, a few follow in their footsteps
Borderline member—youngest in the gang
Taggers—public relations members, focus on marking turf and communication through graffiti
Prominent Street Gangs
Mara Saldatrucha (MS 13)
The Almighty Latin Kings
Neta Association
Mara Saldatrucha (MS 13)
Refugees from El Salvador's civil war in 1980s
Many former members of the Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN) that were highly trained
Continue ties to MS 13 in El Salvador
Members in El Salvador have easy access to cheap weapons

Little or no fear of police
Blue and white colors
Involved in narcotics, robbery, auto theft, extortion
Members in El Salvador have been targeted by Sombra Negra
Started in Los Angeles in 1960s
Bloods formed to protect against the Crips
So large that sets/cliques have developed
In New York there are an estimated 6,500 members
Guidelines include issues of drug use, brotherhood, ranks, lieutenants
Color: Red
Bloods Organizational Structure
101 First Superior
102 Second Superior
103 Minister of Defense
104 Minister of Information
105 Head of Security
106 Commanding Officer
107 Captain
108 Head Lieutenant
109 Lieutenant
110 Principle Soldier
Formed in 1965 after riots in California
Color: Blue
Expansion in the 1980s
Expansion to New York City in 1993
Hispanic Members
Bloods and Crips: Murders of Tupac Shakur and Biggie Smalls
Biggie Smalls murdered March 9, 1997
Tupac Shakur murdered March 18, 1997
At both murders, a black male in a White Montero pulled up to a white male in a battered Buick Regal
Suge Knight
Gang War and LAPD
The Almighty Latin Kings
Started in Chicago 50 years ago
Similar to Chinese gangs because they were started to protect against other ethnic groups
Females can join the gang
ALKN alphabet
Council Committee
Love, Respect, Honor, Sacrifice, Obedience
The Almighty Latin Kings Symbols
Neta Association
Formed in 1979 in Puerto Rico
5 points
Respect Puerto Rico
Know colors and meanings (White, Red, Black)
Swear in gang members
Punish violators of gang policy
Devotion to gang
Alliance with Latin Kings
Formal Structure
Importance of women
Jamaican Gangs
Increase of immigration to U.S. around WWII
McCarron-Walter act then Hart-Cellar Act
Rastafarians and 10 point code
Tattoos, Vegetarianism, Ras Tafari, Ethiopian principles, etc.
Hair Styles, reggae music, use of marijuana
Rastafarians may sell marijuana but not really involved in gang activities
Jamaican Gangs
Gangs developed in the 1970s
First members were fleeing from Jamaican justice system
Youths saw it as a way to gain a better life
1980s and law enforcement
Formal structure

McCarron-Walter Act limited immigrants to 100 per year in 1952
Drug Trafficking
Started with marijuana, 1980s took over more drug markets
Location of Jamaica and Colombia
Stash houses
Cocaine and Marijuana Routes
Firearms Trafficking
Smuggling in to Jamaica
Purchases, straw purchases
Home invasion robberies
Purchased in Florida, Texas, Georgia, Virginia and brought back to New York
Economic Crimes
Money Laundering
Street Higglers
55-Gallon Drums
Airline Employees
Currency Couriers
Express Mail
Western Union
Legitimate Companies
Drugs into Currency
Other Criminal Activities
Immigration Fraud
Marriage Fraud
Document Counterfeiting
Green Card Fraud
Legitimate Business
Family purchasing property
Restaurants, grocery stores, garages, etc
Activities Outside the U.S.
Nigerian Gangs
1970s and banking industry
Nigerian students and yearbooks
1980s and drug smugglers
Specialized division of labor
Nigerian Gangs History
Badly impoverished, very low literacy rate
Annual income: $700, Life expectancy: 50 years
Economy shift in 1970s
Corruption of government
Oil Exports
Organizational Structure
Somewhat loosely knit
The Baron
Expansion of distribution of products
Highly educated
Little or no internal conflict
Increase since 1970s
Cities with Large Nigerian Populations
Early Nigerian Scams
Raid in New York
Student loan fraud
Crime training schools
Other Fraudulent Activities
Welfare Fraud
Insurance Fraud
Bank Fraud
Credit Card Fraud
Creation of fake identification
Avoidance of avaricious practices
Family allegiance
U.S. members as contacts for new members
Using Fake ID for Criminal Activities
Recent Nigerian Scams
Bank invoices
Fake letters eg. Virginia Company
Claims to be a Nigerian prince, doctor, government dignitary, etc
Conspirators in stock companies
Bank and ATM cards
Visa scam
Contacting corporate executives
Outcomes in violence
Drug Trafficking
Heroin and cocaine
As many as 30 to 40 smugglers on flights from West Africa
Paid couriers
Non-Nigerian couriers
Crack down on corruption in Nigerian government
Money Laundering
Private owned companies
Cool Art Store, Ibrahim International, etc
Money smuggled back to Nigeria
Political and terrorist organizations
Chinese Groups History
Racism in the U.S.
Immigration Communities
Increase in gangs led to increase in criminal activities
Beliefs that Chinese groups will take over the mafia crime business
The Hong Kong consortium
Chinese Roots of Organized Crime
Ming dynasty, Manchus
The Triad (heaven, earth and man)
1949 and Red Army
Defeat of Chang Kai-sheck
Interrelation of Chinese Crime Groups in the U.S.
Hong Kong Connection
1845 and Triad
Corruption in the Triad Society Division
Protect territory chosen by peddlers
Labor unions, Japanese Government
Formation of secret societies
Sun Yee On
Wo groups, 14K, Dai Huew Jai
See On Yee Criminal Activities
Hong Kong Triads in Canada and Australia
Kunk Luk Triad
Lau Wing Kai
Dominican organized crime groups
Dai Huen Jai gang
Australia: Sun Yee On, 14K, Wo Yee Tong, Wo Sing Wo
Taiwan Triads
Basically the same as Hong Kong triads
"right-handed" groups (anti-communist)
United Bamboo
The Government amnesty program
Four Seas Triad
U.S. Tongs
Mid-nineteenth century
Helping immigrants
Started by Chinese Triad
Administrative structure like La Cosa Nostra
No membership restrictions
On Leong
Hip Sing Tong
Tung On
Very violent
West Coast Street Gangs
San Francisco
Largest amount of Chinese gang activity on West Coast
Wah Ching
Hop Sing Tong
Los Angeles
Wah Ching in 1965
Monterey Park
Four Seas Gang
United Bamboo
East Coast Gangs
New York City
Flying Dragons
Ghost Shadows
Tong On Boys
*** Ching
Green Dragons
Born to Kill
White Tigers
Gum Sing
Solicit money from business owners
Force companies to buy materials
Pay "Lucky Money
Video poker machines
Protection money
Alien Smuggling
Chen Chui Ping and Guo Liang Chi
*** Ching has smuggled over 100,000 immigrants
Smugglers called "snakeheads"
$30,000 per person
Corrupt officials
Other Criminal Activities
Home invasion/business robberies
Credit card fraud
Commodity scams
Narcotics trafficking
Money laundering
Geographic Areas
Operations throughout the world
Increase in Atlanta, Chicago, and Houston
Philadelphia has 17 gangs
Cuban Organized Crime History
Similar to Italian mafia
Influenced by La Cosa Nostra
Earlier gangs were more organized, less violent and heavily involved in gambling and narcotics
Cuban Gangs The Corporation
Jose Miguel Battle
Meeting with La Cosa Nostra
Many problems with law enforcement
Money laundering
Low profile
La Compania
Formed in 1960s
Importation of cocaine, heroin, and marijuana
200 members
Smaller chapters in U.S. and Mexico
Covers drug-smuggling operation
Marielitos Banditos
Peruvian embassy
Refugee groups
Mariel boat lift (25,000 people)
Marielitos and extremely violent crimes
Many tattoos (religious ones, names, locations, etc.)
Santeria and its dark sect, Palo Mayombe
Cuban Criminal Activities
Drug trafficking with Colombian drug cartels
Recent confessions and evidence
An organized crime group does exist within Cuban government
Robert Vesco - fraud, drugs, & OC
Drug money used for terrorist weapons
Colombian Organized Crime
Colombian Organized Crime
All phases of cocaine trafficking have expanded since the 1980s
World's cocaine supply comes from South America
Started heroin production to compete with Asia
Economy could not survive without drug trafficking
Colombia History
50 civil wars from 1850 to 1900
Constant hostilities known as La Violencia during 1940s-1960s
Overrun with violence and crime since 1970s
68 murders per 100,000 annually
Immigration to U.S. opened up smaller drug groups
Colombian Gangs
Groups control all aspects of the drug trade, modeled after La Cosa Nostra
Control 70% marijuana and 90% cocaine
Medellin and Cali groups
Sicilian connections
Guidelines by Lizardo Marquez-Perez (Page 369-370)
Turf wars and murders
Medellin Cartels
Formed in 1980s
Pablo Escobar-Gavaria and Jorge Ochoa-Restrepo
Jose Gonzalo Rodriguez-Gacha
First groups to purchase fields in other countries, employ chemists, use brokers, use cocoa paste, launder money through casinos, etc.
Killing Pablo & Friends
Cali Cartel
Rise to prominence coincided with demise of Medellin Cartel (1980's - )
More corporate in structure - yet based loosely on cell structure
More innovative
Cali Cartel Partnerships and Major Players
Partnerships with other OC:
Sicilian Mafia - heroin
Russians - weapons
Major players:
Miguel Rodriguez-Orejuela
Gilberto Rodriguez-Orejuela
Jose Santacruz-Londono
Killing of Escobar by government authorities has NOT reduced the violence as projected
Other Colombian Cartels
Bogota cartel
Connections with La Cosa Nostra and Cuban groups
North Atlantic Coast Group
Dominican Organized Crime History
Turmoil since the late 1700s
1930 and General Rafael Trujillo-Molina elected president
Second poorest nation in the Caribbean
Immigrants and troubles in U.S.
Dominican Criminal Activities
Groups first appearing on East Coast as early as the 1930's
New York
Washington Heights
Focused on drug trafficking - street level
Early Players:
San Francisco de Macoris
Santo Domingo
Dominican Criminal Activities
Latingua drug operation
Money Laundering
Auto Thefts
Dominican Geographic Areas
New Jersey
Ties with Colombians
Autonomous groups with loosely-knit structure
Mexican Organized Crime History (Mexico)
Documented in Northern Mexico in 19th Century
Bandits in impoverished areas
Mexican Organized Crime History (US)
Barrios in Southern California - development of Pachuco culture
Zoot suit riots (1940's)
Mexican Organized Crime History Prison Gangs
La Eme (Letter M)
Began in California prison system in 1950's - as self-protection against others
Attracted members from east L.A.
Swallowed other smaller gangs
La Nuestra
Mexican Mafia and La Nuestra Familia
California prison system
Urban and rural members
La Nuestra Familia's problems in 1980s
Structure like the military
Become a gang member thought killings
Mexican Mafia much larger
Similar to La Cosa Nostra
700 Members
Government Grants
Sindicato Nuevo Mexico
Expansion of Mexican Mafia
New Mexico Prison System
Rules include devoting one's life to the gang, betrayal results in death
Good relationship with Mexican Mafia
Don and godfather, lieutenants, soldiers
Mexikanemi Gang
Texas version of the Mexican Mafia
Started in 1984 in the Texas prison system
Mexikanemi Gang Membership Guidelines
Once a member, always a member
Never disappoint the gang
Mexican Street Gangs
OC evolved from street gangs
People join to become a part of a family
Become a "home boy"
Loosely structured leadership
Mexican Criminal Activities
Drug Trafficking
Colombian cartels
60-75% of the cocaine shipped to U.S. was through Mexico
Russian History
Several centuries of criminal operations
Tsarist Russia
Cossacks (similar to early Mafia)
Communist organized crime
State sponsored OC
Vor y zakone
Stalin and Lenin created gangs
Democracy and Organized Crime
Communist government and corruption
Russian Gangs
OC gradually increased under the Bolshevik's regime
Gangs had strong leaders
Ability to withstand pain
Chechen gangs
Many gangs in the CIS
4,350 groups
Russian Gangs Rules
Rejecting legitimate life
Never cooperate with authorities
Not allowed to join military
Russian Gangs (3 group structures)
Tetrad type
Clannish groups
Russian Gangs Four region based groups
Georgian regions
Russian Gangs
U.S. intelligence found four types of groups:
Members of ex-Communist party
Ethnic groups
Regular criminals who were elected
Offshoots of the others
Truces between groups
Corruption within the government
Gangs played a major part in the increasing crime rate
Control almost everything in Russia: exports, smuggling, businesses, street vendors, the U.S. embassy, real estate, organ donor market.
Work with U.S. gangs and Israeli gangs
Work with Colombia cartels
Dolgoprudny gang
Solntsevo gang
Russian Gangs in the U.S.
Criminals posing as Jewish immigrants
Ethnic gangs
Controlled violence
Believe that all law enforcement officials can be bribed and that government can not be trusted
Russian Gangs in the U.S. Membership
Russian gang membership is small and members are usually from the same city or county
Leaders can participate in anything that makes profit
Highly educated members
Russian Gangs in U.S. Geographic Locations
Pacific NW
Brighton Beach
Russian Brighton Beach Gangsters
Evset Agron
Marat Balagula
Borris "Papa" Nayfled
Vyacheslav Ivankov
Odessa Mafia
Russian Scams
Gasoline scam
Contaminated oil
Potato bag scam
Jewels, staged accidents, forgery
Medicaid/Medicare billing scam
Credit Cards
Russian athletes as targets
Russian Drug Trafficking
Involved with other gangs
No DEA in the CIS
Lands in Russia used to grow marijuana
Demand for drugs in Russia
Maritime Trade
Israeli Gangs History
Immigrants in the 1960s
Close ties with Russian gangs
Importance of Tel Aviv
Religious persecution - easier to emigrate to U.S. from Israel
Range from 5-25 members
Israeli Criminal Activities
Money Laundering
Southern California
Extortion, robbery
"bust out" schemes
Escalating violence
Russian connection
Weapons Trafficking
Political Corruption - Rehavam Zeevi
Israeli Drug Trafficking
Arrests for men selling over $1 million in heroin a week
South American bases
Traditional Criminal Activities:
Heroin from Asia
Cocaine to Brazil
Israeli Scams and Money Laundering
Gasoline scams
Credit card and jewelry scams
Counterfeiting U.S. currency
Insurance fraud
Money Laundering
Diamond District businesses in New York
Jewish religious institutions
Satmar rabbi
Laundering for Colombian cartels
Russian and Israeli gangs will probably continue to work together
They have been working together on scams, including the gasoline scam in the 1980s
Russian gangs have worked against the Israeli government