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50 terms

Sociology Final- Quiz #2

STUDY
PLAY
A child learns to act like adults, she observes and internalizes her parents' values and attitudes into her personality. Lawrence Kohlberg refers to this behavior as:
none of the above.
Socialization refers to...
the process of transmitting cultural values to members.
For Charles H. Cooley, the process whereby our self-image develops in the ways others treats us is called the __________ process...
looking-glass self
The cases of children who were raised in extreme isolation demonstrate that...
normal human development requires continuing human interaction.
Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development argues that...
virtually all children go through the same sequence of mental development.
Which of the following statements about the nature/nurture debate would Alex Thio sees as the most accurate?
While nature sets limits, socialization plays a very large role in determining who we are.
John is playing with his toys and he is pretending to be a fireman like his father. According to Jean Piaget, by seeing himself from his father's point of view, john is...
none of the above.
For humans to be socialized, it is imperative that they have:
regular social interaction with adults.
Which of the following describes behavior associated with Jean Piaget's sensorimotor stage?
when a child learns with his sense and body to interact with the environment.
According to Lawrence Kohlberg, at the first level of moral development, young adults have a preconventional morality, which takes into account the importance of...
right and wrong consequences
Taylor is a young girl whose parents surrounded her with books, challenging discussions, and ideas. Based on our understanding of socialization, Taylor is probably...
ahead of other children in the areas she has been trained in.
According to George Herbert Mead, when children learn to internalize the values of society as a whole in the game stage, they take on the role of the...
generalized other.
Charles H. Cooley viewed society as a group of individuals helping each other to develop their personality. this means that...
the core of the self is in the concept of the self-image that develops from the way others see us.
Natasha receives good grades, she learns a lot and she is liked by her professors, parents, and friends. She is outgoing and also participates in several extra-curricular activities that the school develops for the betterment of the students. Charles H. Cooley would suggest that Natasha...
has a good self-image.
In the sixth stage of the Levels of Development of the Self, the "I" represents?
the spontaneous, creative, and impulsive personality we can have.
Social exchanges are usually governed by...
the norm of reciprocity.
Which of the following statements about socialization are true EXCEPT?
It is difficult to change an adult's personality because it has been formed in childhood.
Competition in the global market has helped U.S. companies...
become efficient and productive.
An ethnomethodologist would likely study:
the conversations among roommates in a college dormitory
Many people use the Internet as a key tool of communication. Which of the following is a disadvantage of electronic communication?
all of the above.
Which of the following forms of social interaction are more likely to unsettle the social structure....
competition
Everyday life is an important part of understanding the social world. The pioneering sociologist who developed microsociology and emphasized the importance of understanding it was:
Erving Goffman
Select below the one statement that is NOT a reason for studying social interaction in everyday life:
Examining social interaction in everyday life allows sociologists to see how relatively unimportant language is in creating social reality.
The use of the internet, e-mail, chat rooms, and social networking sites, such as MySpace and Facebook:
adds a new and different dimension to the study of everyday life.
At the third level of moral development, young adults have a post conventional morality, which takes into account the importance of...
conflicting norms
Humor makes us laugh because almost all jokes contain...
an incongruity between two realities.
The analysis of how people define the world in which they live is called...
ethnomethodology
Which of the following would NOT be classified as civil inattention?
working on a group project in your sociology class.
Which of the following statements about conflict is the most true?
Conflict can only harm a social structure because it involves violent confrontation.
The supportive social interaction's function that provides hidden, underlying meanings is absolutely crucial for....
ensuring social order.
Like Native Americans, African American generally have strong kinship bonds.
True
Anticipatory socialization is the process by which an individual learned to assume a role in the future.....
true.
Lawerence Kholberg emphasized role-taking, by which children internalize the values and attitudes of significant others.
false
Jean Piaget described seven stages of cognitive development that each child goes through.
false
Intelligence is the capacity for mental or intellectual achievement.
true
Pre-coneventional Morality is Kholberg's term for the practice of judging actions by taking into account the importance of conflicting norms
false
in symbolic interactions, people interpret each other's actions and behave accordingly
true
because they speak the same language, men and women can easily understand each other.
false
Nonverbal communication may involve proxemics, the use of space as a means of communication.
true
to symbolic interactionists, people usually don't take supportive interactions at face value but pay more attention to the hidden meaning behind expressed words and actions
true
According to, ____________________, children develop their self concept in 3 basic stages
George H. Mead
_____________________ morality is Lawrence Kohlberg's term for the practice of judging actions by taking into account the importance of conflicting norms.
postconventional
according to Sigmund Freud, the ______ is the part of the personality that is rational.
Ego
________referred to supportive interactions as supportive interchanges, mutual dealings, or acts of identificatory sympathy
Erving Goofman
_____________________ is the term that we develop from the way others treat us.
looking-glass self
a fairly stable configuration of feelings, attitudes, ideas, and behaviors that characterizes an individual is the definition of _______
personality
Hank tends to treat others as enemies. This type of interaction with others is called ____________
oppositional interaction.
_______ is an interaction in which two individuals or groups of individuals disregard any rules, each trying to achieve their own goal by defeating the other individual or group
competition
____________ is an interaction in which two individuals disregard any rules, each trying to achieve his or her own goal by defeating the other.
Conflict
___________ is the use of body movements as a means of communication; also called body language.
Kinetics