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8 terms

NURS 3316 EPIDEMIOLOGY UNIT 1-3

Identify and describe the basic epidemiological variables: agent, person, place, and time
STUDY
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Two fundamental assumptions in all epidemiological investigations
Health states do not occur randomly in a population;
Human disease has causal and preventive factors.
Agent
One of four elements in epidemiology. An element of force that, under proper conditions (presence or absence), can initiate or perpetuate a health problem.
Five types of agents
Chemical, physical, infectious, nutritional, and social/psychological
Person
One of four elements in epidemiology. An element which relationship of various characteristics of individuals to the health of the population.
Four types of person
Genetic(race, gender), Biologic (age, nutritional state), Behavioral (religion, habits), Sociodemographic and socioeconomic (marital status, level of education)
Place
One of four elements in epidemiology. This can be on a global scale or any other geographic area.
Five types of Place
Climate, population density, terrain, ecology, and political boundaries.
Time
One of four elements in epidemiology. 1) short-term, measured in hours, days, weeks, or months; 2) periodic, including seasonal or cyclic, or 3) long term, extending over decades.
Concern about Time also includes the natural history of disease. This includes incubation periods, length of symptomatology, length of epidemics etc.