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19 terms

Sociology (Social Groups and Organizations)

STUDY
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Social Group
two or more people who identify and interact with one another
Sociologists
These people distinguish between aggregates, categories and groups.
Aggregate
is made up of individuals who temporarily share the same physical space but do not have a sense of belonging together.
Category
is a collection of people who have similar characteristics.
Primary Groups
refer to groups characterized by cooperative, intimate, longterm, face-to-face relationships.
Secondary Groups
are large and impersonal social groups devoted to some specific interest or activity.
Robert Michels
he was the one who coined the term the "iron law of oligarchy" to refer to the way organizations come to be dominated by a small, self perpetuating elite.
In-Groups
this group is where individuals feel loyalty and command a member's esteem and loyalty.
Out-Groups
this group is where individuals feel antagonism, competition or opposition
Reference Groups
a social group that serves as a point of reference for people making evaluations or decisions.
Social Networks
consist of people linked by various social ties
Networking
refers to the conscious use of contacts that people think will be helpful to them, for instance by joinging and belonging to clubs.
formal organizations
organizations that are large, secondary groups that are organized to achieve goals efficiently.
Utilitarian Organization
this organization is when people join in pursuit of material rewards.
Normative Organizations
this organization is also known as voluntary associations, in which people pursue goals they consider morally worthwhile.
coercive organizations
organizations distinguished by voluntary membership.
Group Dynamics
this is known as how individuals affect groups and groups affect individuals.
Study of Group Dynamics
focuses on group size, diversity, leadership, and conformity.
"Groupthink"
this refers to situations in which a group of people think alike and any suggestions of alternatives becomes a sign of disloyalty.