_______ presents with acute onset of hypertonia and/or painful muscle contractions. Severe complications include broken bones and death.
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Terms in this set (34)
DTaP protects against ______.diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussisThe "ap" in DTaP refers to ____.acellular pertussisWhat important education should be given to parents when their child receives the first dose of DTaP?Low grade fever is common after administration and is not a cause for concern.Most children with intact immune systems receive ____ doses of HIB.4 doses (given at 2, 4, 6, and 12-15 mo.)Why isn't HIB given after age 5?HIB is a childhood illness. After age 5, children are out of the vulnerable age range and no longer need boosters (unless they are immunocompromised)The initial dose of DTaP has higher concentrations of ______ than the Tdap given at age 11.pertussis and diphtheria.How many doses of DTaP is given before age 7?5 doses given before kindergartenWhat is the difference between DTaP and Tdap?DTaP: initial immunization given to those <7 years old Tdap: booster shot given at age 11 and then throughout life after roughly every 10 years to ensure continued immunity through adolescence and adulthood.Tetanus is acquired by which mode of transmission?Infection of a woundGardasil is recommended to prevent _____HPV which causes genital warts and cervical cancer (in females)PCV13 prevents ____ in children.Pneumococcal infectionPneumococcal infection-Agent: Streptococcus pneumoniae -Transmission: Respiratory secretions, droplet -Systemic manifestations: Related to area of infection (otitis, sinusitis, bacteremia, pneumonia, meningitis, sepsis)The RV vaccine protects against _____, which presents with severe diarrhea, fever, and vomiting.RotavirusWhich populations should receive Hep. A vaccine?Recommended for all children age 1 or older Recommended for people traveling to areas with high rates of Hep. AHepatitis A is transmitted throughfecal-oral route Direct contact and contaminated food/waterVaccines should be administered in ________ for infants under the age of 1.anterolateral aspect of thighThe varicella vaccine protects against ______.ChickenpoxRecombinant Zoster Vaccine (RZV) protects against ______.shingles, which can cause post-herpetic neuralgiaThe CDC recommends that which population receive recombinant zoster vaccine (RZV)?healthy adults over age 50Who cannot receive live vaccines?pregnant womenWhich vaccines are live?Remember "MRS. YIVS" MMR Rotavirus Smallpox Yellow fever Intranasal Influenza Varicella ShinglesCDC recommends PPSV23 forAll adults 65 years or older People 2 through 64 years old with chronic medical conditions (these patients have higher risk of infection & complications from pneumococcal infection)Who should NOT receive MMR?pregnant women & those who have a sensitivity to neomycin or gelatinThose who have had a reaction to _________ should avoid IPV (polio vaccine)neomycin, streptomycin, or polymyxin B