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Ch.23 & 24 - Exam / Saladin - Rev.5
Terms in this set (77)
What 4 features are associated with the stomach?
1. Parietal cells
2. Chief cells
3. Pyloric Sphincter
4. Absorption of Water
What function is NOT associated with the stomach?
What enzyme is involved in the final stages of carbohydrate digestion?
The process of taking food into the body is called..
Fecal smell is primarily the result of ...
The primary function of the large intestines is to ...
The function of the Uvula is to ...
Close off the Nasopharynx
What nerve impulses increase activitie of the digestive system?
What salivary gland primarily secretes mucus?
Pancreatic secretions are stimulated by ...
The distal portion of the small intestine is the ...
What regulates the rate that food leaves the stomach?
the Enterogastric reflex
The process of emulsification of fats is a result of ...
Chewing food is an example of ...
Most chemical digestion occurs in the ...
Absorption is defined as ...
The passage of nutrients into the blood stream
3 Reactions that result in the secretion of gastric juices ...
1. Secretion of Gastrin
2. Stimulation by the Vagus nerve
3. The sight of a favorite food
The following is NOT a result in secretion of gastric juices:
* stimulation by the sympathetic nervous system
The purpose of Villi in the small intestine is to ...
Increase the surface area for absorption
Lacteal's function is in the ...
absorption of lipids
The large mucosal folds in the stomach are called ..
Proteins combined with cholesterol and lipids are called ...
The ____ ____ hangs off the mesentery, draped out front, like an apron.
Bile is produced in the ...
Chief cells produce ...
Excessive stretching or irritation of the stomach will result in ...
Passage of food through the stomach is fastest when the food consists primarily of ...
What hormone is secreted by Parietal cells and inhibits Gastric Secretions?
The straight collapsible tube which connects the Pharynx to the Cardiac Spincter is called the ...
The ____ is connected to the Anus.
Circular folds found lining the small intestine are ...
In the digestive system the first food group to be chemically digest are the ...
An out-pocketing at the base of the ascending colon which functions as a source of good bacteria is the ...
The large salivary gland located in the cheek is the..
The Cartilage which functions to close off the wind-pipe during swallowing is the ...
Release of Bicarbonate ions into the small intestines is controlled by the ...
Enzymes which digest lipids into fatty acids and glycerol are ...
Why do we say that flatulence is not all bad?
Beneficial vitamins are released during their formation
_____ is a hormone that stimulates the release of bile from the Gall Bladder.
The ____ suspends the Jejunum and Ilium from the Abdominal wall.
Gall stones are composed primarily of ...
The phase of gastric secretion which is stimulated by the sight, sound or smell of food is ...
Parietal cells secrete ...
The functional unit of the kidney where urine is produced is called the ...
What causes filtration of plasma across the filtration membrane?
The pressure of the blood
Blood is carried out of the Glomerulus by the ...
List 3 products that are normally present in
2. Nitrogenous waste
What is NOT normally present in Glomerular filtrate?
Urine formation requires what 3 mechanisms?
1. Tubular reabsorption
2. Glomerular filtration
3. Tubular secretion
The transport of urine from the renal pelvis to the Urinary bladder is the function of ...
Podocytes are located in the ...
Visceral layer of the Glomerular capsule
When Glucose is found in a patient's urine you know that the ...
Transport Maximum for Glucose has been exceeded
Blood pressure is unusually high in the glomerulus because the ____ is smaller than the ____.
Efferent arteriole, afferent arteriole
About 65% of the fluid filtered by the kidneys is reabsorbed by the ...
Proximal convoluted tubule (PCT)
Uric acid production results from the catabolism
(breakdown) of what macromolecule-type?
The Countercurrent mechanism operates in what part of the Kidney?
The "holes" in the Glomerular capillaries are called...
Which metabolic waste products results from the catabolism (breakdown) of proteins?
What kidney hormone regulates RBC production?
What process of urine formation is responsible for producing urine's low pH (acidity)?
On its pathway to the outside, where does the developing urine Go Next after passing through the Proximal Convoluted Tubules?
Where does the process of Secretion occur during urine formation?
Distal Convoluted tubule (DCT)
The site on the surface of the kidney where blood vessels enter/leave is called the ...
What blood vessel functions to receive nutrients which are absorbed from the glomerular filtrate?
The most plentiful nephrons are ...
In the production of glomerular filtrate, what force works in opposition (against) to hydrostatic pressure?
What process of urine formation is responsible for the presence of drugs (hence drug testing) in the urine?
In the Counter Current Mechanism, Sodium Chloride "repeatedly cycles into and out of" what
What hormone functions to introduce "Aquaporins"
(water channels) into the collecting ducts?
Anti-Diuretic Hormone (ADH)
The medical term for passing urine to the outside is ...
Urine is carried from the bladder to the outside by the ...
What portion of the Nephron loop is permeable to water?
When your body starts to produce a greater than normal amount of urine, what urinary system structure monitors this condition?
When blood Pressure rises, what hormone is secreted to maintain homeostasis?
Which of the renal clearance tests provide infor-mation about both renal filtration and secretion?
Para-aminohippuric acid test
The part of the bladder from which the urine both enters and leaves is called the ...
An increase in urine volume is referred to as ...
If the Juxtaglomerular cells are stimulated, what would be the expected effect upon urine output?
It would increase