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Driver's Ed Review Chapter 3
Terms in this set (28)
By law, who must wear a seat belt in NJ?
Who is responsible if a ticket is issued for not wearing a seatbelt?
Driver if they are not wearing a seatbelt or if the one not wearing a seatbelt is a minor. If they're over 18 years old in the back seat, they receive a ticket themselves.
List (3) ways seat belts help the driver:
1) They keep motorists and passengers from being thrown from the vehicle in a crash. If a motorist/passenger is held in place, any injury may be less severe.
2) They slow a body down with the vehicle. If a vehicle hits something, the vehicle stops, but the person keeps going at the same speed that the vehicle was moving. Hitting the dashboard or windshield at 30 mph is like falling from the top of a three-story building.
3) They keep a motorist/passenger from sliding on the seat during sudden stops and turns. Belts and straps also keep a motorist in position so he/she can control the vehicle.
By law, children under __ years of age who weigh less than
___ pounds must be secured in a REAR FACING SEAT with a __ point harness in the rear seat of the car.
2 years of age
5 point harness
If a child is younger than ___ but is over ___ inches tall, then they can legally transition to the car's backseat safety belt in New Jersey.
8 years old
Children of any age are safest when they're belted properly and seated in the ______ of the car, especially if the car is equipped with an _________.
rear of the car
equipped with an airbag
List (5) items you should check on your car for safe operating condition.
back up lights
Also oil, tire pressure, windshield wipers, lights, and brake pads
How should you test your brakes if they are conventional disc and drum brakes?
Pump the brakes after driving through the water to test and dry them.
If your vehicle has anti-lock brakes (ABS), how should you test them?
If the vehicle has anti-lock brakes, you should test it by applying steady pressure to the brake pedal.
List the (5) steps in the "Check List" for starting a parked car:
1) All windows should be clean and nothing should block a motorist's vision. Seatbelts should be put on.
2) The seat must be adjusted so a motorist can reach all pedals and controls easily. (For motorists, the seat may be adjusted so he/she is sitting an arm's length from the steering wheel)
3) Inside and outside rearview mirrors should be adjusted.
4) Seatbelts and shoulder harnesses should be fastened so that they are firm and comfortable.
5) The vehicle should be in park or neutral gear and the parking brake should be set.
6) Doors should be locked.
What are "Blind Spots"? and Where are the driver's "Blind Spots" located?
Areas of the road that cannot be seen by looking forward or through either the rearview or side-view mirrors. There are two blind spots extending from the rear of the vehicle back in a triangle.
When steering, always hold your hands at ___ and ___ o'clock position.
9 and 3
List (4) factors that can affect your stopping distance.
Motorist reaction time
weather and visibility conditions
What is the most common braking mistake of new drivers?
Many new drivers slam the brake even if there is no emergency.
Use your right foot for the ____________ and __________ pedals.
accelerator (gas); brake
Turn signals must be given at least ____ feet before you turn.
Explain the hand signal for a right turn
left hand out and pointing up
Explain the hand signal for a left turn
left hand and arm straight out
Explain the hand signal to slow down/stop
hand and arm downward, palm facing to the rear
Describe your body and hand position for driving the car in reverse.
If a motorist must turn the wheel while reversing other than in a straight line, two hands must be on the wheel to steer, while a motorist's head and body are turned to look out the rear window. Left hand at 12, right hand at 3. Body at a 45-degree angle to look through the back window.
When parking always set the ______ and put the car in PARK.
When parking downhill, with a curb, turn the wheels ________ the curb.
When parking uphill, with a curb, turn the wheels _________ the curb.
If there are no curbs, uphill or downhill, turn the wheels TO THE _______.
When parallel parking, the tires should be no more than _________ from the curb.
Seatbelts increase the chances of survival by how many times?
When driving in reverse, the front of your car will swing in the __________ direction of your turn.
Describe your body and hand position for driving the car in reverse in a straight line
To drive in reverse, a motorist's head and body should be turned to the right so they can see clearly through the back window of the vehicle without the use of mirrors. The motorist's right hand and arm should be placed on the back of the front passenger seat; the left hand should grasp the top of the steering wheel.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Driver's Ed Review Chapter 1-2
Driver's Ed Review Chapters 4-5
Driver's Ed Review Chapter 6
Driver's Ed Review Chapter 7
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