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above spinal cord, controls breathing, heartbeat and size of blood vessels. nerve fibers cross
beneath thalamus; controls sleep, appetite, body temperature and pituitary gland secretions
Degeneration of nerves in the brain leading to tremors, shuffling gait, and muscle stiffness (mask-like facial expression); dopamine is deficient in the brain.
Deterioration of mental capacity (dementia) beginning in middle age; cerebral cortex atrophy, microscopic neurofibrillary tangles
neurological disorder marked by involuntary, spasmodic, twitching, uncontrollable vocal sounds, and inappropriate words
paralysis and loss of muscular coordination caused by brain damage in the perinatal period
degeneration of nerves in the brain; occuring in later life and leading to tremors, bradykinesia
fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord and is located within the ventricles of the brain
supportive and connective cells of the nervous system (important in formation of myelin, transport of materials to neurons, and maintenance of cellular environment)
inflammation of many spinal nerves, causing paralysis, pain, wasting of muscles. Gullain-Barre syndrome is an example
burning sensation of pain (in the skin), usually follwoing injury to sensory fibers of a peripheral nerve.
In a state of coma (profound unconsciousness from which one cannot be roused; may be due to trauma, disease, or action of ingested toxic substance)
disorder of reading, writing, or learning (despite the ability to see and recognize letters)
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