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long loop into medulla between proximal and distal convoluted portions of kidney tubule
lumen of urethra that drains urine from bladder in male and female, and semen from reproductive system in male
water and most solutes in blood plasma move across wall of glomerular capillaries into Bowman's capsule and then into the renal tubule; driving force is blood pressure
return of 99% of filtered water and many useful solutes from renal tubules into peritubular capillary network
nitrogenous waste (urea), drugs, and ions from blood into distal renal tubules; allows someone to be tested for drug use
rock like substance that starts in pelvis of kidney and travels down ureters and get stuck; severe pain w/ pink pee
ampulla of ductus (vas) deferens
enlargement of the structure near the ejaculatory duct; expansion of ductus (vas) deferens
function to produce eggs/sperm (gametes), produce hormones, and bond males and females
functions of vagina
birth canal, outlet for menstrual fluid, reproductive organ that receives the penis
can be historically associated to a milk line that has accumulated in pectoral region over time
controlled release of urine from bladder; controlled by sphincter muscles around wall of urethra
Leydig cells; between the seminiferous tubules; cells in testes that produce testosterone
autonomic nervous system
could be included in the peripheral nervous system; innervates organs with smooth muscle and/or glandular tissue
many dendrites, a cell body, one axon (most common type); classified based on structure
center for registering sensations, correlating them with one another and with stored information, making decisions, and taking actions. Also center for intellect, emotions, behavior, and memory
surround and protect the brain; include internal pia mater, middle arachnoid, and external dura mater
protects brain cells from harmful substances and pathogens by preventing passage of many substances from blood to brain tissue/cells
internal hydrostatic pressure protects the brain and spinal cord against chemical and physical injuries; four ventricles of brain and central canal of spinal cord filled with this
oval structure above the midbrain that is mostly gray matter; major relay station for sensory impulses that reach the cerebral cortex from the spinal cord, brain stem, cerebellum, and parts of the cerebrum
integrates and controls the relationship between nervous and endocrine systems by the autonomic nervous system; floor and lateral walls of the third ventricle; receives information from the external environment originating in peripheral sense organs; attached to pituitary gland by infundibulum
sensory projection area; receives sensory impulses from the opposite side of the body; located posterior to the central sulcus in each hemisphere
motor projection area; sends motor impulses to the opposite side of the body; located anterior to the central sulcus in each hemisphere
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