The Family: Diversity, Inequality, and Social Change Test 2

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Why does the U.S. Census Bureau, the government's main statistical agency, attempt to collect data about racial categories?
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Terms in this set (69)
race- is a group of people that believe to share common descent, based on perceived innate physical similarities.
ethnicity- A group of people with a common cultural identification, based on a combination of language, religion, ancestral origin, or tradition practices.
-ethnicity and race can change over a person's lifetime.
-race is usually passed from parents to children and ethnic identities are more focused on cultural traits.
Social distance- The level of acceptance that members of one group have toward members of another group.
There has been a growth in the number of intermarriage which shows the breakdown of social distance. Social distance is narrowing and I think that it will continue to narrow over time as newer generations grow up and are more open minded.
Which of the following concepts is illustrated by parents purchasing mostly pink items for their daughters?gender socializationSex and gender are different in thatgender refers to the social role based on one's categorical sex.According to the textbook, restroom symbols and the British stamp illustrate the ways in which males and females are depicted:in ways that show the man as superior.People "do gender" when they enact the social roles that conform to commonly expected image for their sex. This statement is most consistent with which perspective on gender?symbolic interactionistWhen researches say that masculinity is socially constructed, they mean that:there are different perspectives for what it means to be a man, depending on the setting.A key goal of the organization Pink Stinks is to:decrease stereotyping of girls that focuses on being pretty, passive, and obsessed with shopping.Despite the increasing participation of woman in the workforce, woman earn, on average, roughly ____ percent of what men earn.81Through U.S. women still don't have true equality compared to men in terms of wealth, they have pulled ahead of men in which key area?graduating from college.What is the relationship between sex and gender? provide an example of the difference between gender identity and gender expression.Hypothesize two potential benefits to androgyny for males or females and please provide examples.Sexis important in today's society because of theFreedom of sexual choice.sexual orientation refers to a pattern of sexual __________ with regard to one's gender identity.attractionSexual identity can best be described as a:Fluid identity that can vary.Which of the following is true regarding same-sex sexual behavior and the role of gender?Women are more likely to engage in same-sex sexual behavior.In terms of social support, Americans are ____________ accepting of homosexuality than of ____________.less; single parenthoodAccording to the text, the single biggest concern for society regarding teen sex is:teen pregnancy.The relationship between an individual's education, family structure, health care, and behavior with regard to sexual activity is studied as ____________ by sociologists.inequalityThe national survey that examines teen sexual behavior is known as theYouth Risk Behavior SurveyThe commonly understood pattern of interaction that serves as a model of behavior in familiar situations is:social script.According to the, developing a relationship has become more variable and individualized because:a formal dating system no longer exists.When comparing utilitarian love and romantic love,utilitarian love is more rational and romantic love is more spontaneous.A casual sexual or romantic encounter without explicit commitment or exclusivity is:hooking up.The increase in the use of online dating websites can best be explained by:the fact that dating sites are likely more efficient than meeting in person.Gay, lesbian, and bisexual teens tend to have their first serious relationship at a later age than heterosexual teens. This is due in part to:difficulty meeting appropriate romantic partnersWhen it comes to the relationship between evolution and social interaction and their influences on mate selection, the textbook suggestevolution operates in the background, while personal preferences hold more sway.Darren argued that all the romantic couples he knows he knows are people who are very similar to each other. He says this is because they they tend to be in the same places and situations. His argument is closest to the sociological term:homophily.raceA group of human beings distinguished by physical traits, blood types, genetic code patterns or genetically inherited characteristics.ethnicitya group of people with a common cultural identification, based on a combination of language, religion, ancestral origin, or traditional practices.racial ethnicityan ethnic group perceived to share physical characteristicsEndogamymarriage and reproduction within a distinct groupExogamyMarriage and reproduction outside one's distinct group.minority groupA racial or ethnic group that occupies a subordinate status is society.familisma personal outlook that puts family obligations first, before individual well-beingacculturationThe acquisition of a new culture and language.intermarriagemarriage between members of different racial or ethnic groupssocial distanceThe level of acceptance that members of one group have toward members of another group.sexOne's biological category, male or female, based on anatomy and physiology.sexual identityThe identification with the social category boy/man or girl/woman.genderthe social realization of biological sexgender identityThe identification with the social category boy/man or girl/woman.gender expressionOne's pattern of outward behavior in relation to common standards of a gender category.intersexa condition in which a person's chromosomal composition doesn't correspond with his or her sexual anatomy at birth, or the anatomy is not clearly male or femaletransgenderA term to describe individuals whose gender identity does not match their assigned sex.Socializationthe process by which individuals internalize elements of the social structure, making those elements part of their own personalitypeerspeople in a similar social situation and of similar status with whom an individual interacts.sexual orientationThe pattern of romantic or sexual attraction to others in relation to one's own gender identity.stigmaA quality that is perceived as undesirable and that sets a person apart from others in his or her social category.homophobiafear of or antipathy toward homosexuality in general and gays and lesbians in particularcoming outThe process of revealing one's gay sexual orientation to the significant people in one's life.sexual double standardsThe practice of applying stricter moral or legal controls to women's sexual behavior than to men's.adolescenceThe period of development between childhood and scripta commonly understood pattern of interaction that serves as a model of behavior in familiar situationslovea deep affection and concern for another, with whom one feels a strong emotional bondromantic lovethe passionate devotion and attraction one person feels for anotherutilitarian lovethe practical, rational dedication of one person to another based on shared understanding and emotional commitmentromantic relationshipsmutually acknowledged, ongoing interactions featuring heightened affection and intensityhooking upA casual sexual or romantic encounter without explicit commitment or exclusivity.homophilyThe principle by which similar people have of a given kind of contact than dissimilar people.Drawing on the concepts you learned throughout chapter 3, consider the concept of social distance. What is social distance, and how do you think trends in social distance will change over time in the United States?