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Cancer Basics and Development
Terms in this set (31)
A group of more than 100 different diseases, that can begin almost anywhere in the body, in which abnormal cells divide uncontrollably and destroy body tissue.
When cancer returns to your body after a long period of remission.
When you have a recurrence or reappearance of cancer after it has been in remission.
When cancer has disappeared completely or partially from your body.
Development of cancer that is not invading other organs
Development of cancer is limited to tissue or organ of origin
Development of cancer with limited local spreading
Development of cancer with extensive local and regional spreading
Development of cancer that has spread to a distant part of the body
how abnormal they are and how quickly they're likely to spread
the branch of medicine that specializes in treatment of cancer
organ/part of body where the tumor originated; breast cancer would be in breast
Refers to symptoms that start and worsen quickly but do not last over a long time.
Refers to a tumor that is not cancerous. The tumor does not usually invade nearby tissue or spread to other parts of the body.
Cancer that is confined to the area where it started and has not spread to other parts of the body.
The basic units that make up the tissues and organs of the human body.
Refers to a disease or condition that persists, often slowly, over a long time.
In place. Refers to cancer that has not spread to nearby tissue, also called non-invasive cancer.
Cancer that has spread outside the layer of tissue in which it started and has the potential to grow into other tissues or parts of the body, also called infiltrating cancer.
Refers to a tumor that is cancerous. It may invade nearby healthy tissue or spread to other parts of the body.
A lump in the body.
The spread of cancer from the place where the cancer began to another part of the body. Cancer cells can break away from the primary tumor and travel through the blood or the lymphatic system to the lymph nodes, brain, lungs, bones, liver, or other organs.
A doctor who specializes in treating people with cancer. The five main types of oncologists are medical, surgical, radiation, gynecologic, and pediatric oncologists. Learn more about the types of oncologists.
A doctor who specializes in interpreting laboratory tests and evaluating cells, tissues, and organs to diagnose disease.
A growth of normal tissue that usually sticks out from the lining of an organ, such as the colon.
Refers to cells that have the potential to become cancerous. Also called pre-malignant.
Describes the original cancer.
Describes either a new primary cancer (a different type of cancer) that develops after treatment for the first type of cancer, or cancer that has spread to other parts of the body from the place where it started (see metastasis, above).
A way of describing cancer, such as where it is located, whether or where it has spread, and whether it is affecting the functions of other organs in the body.
A mass formed when normal cells begin to change and grow uncontrollably. A tumor can be benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous, meaning it can spread to other parts of the body). Also called a nodule or mass.
A cancer that develops in the tissues that support and connect the body, such as fat and muscle. Learn more about sarcoma.
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