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Cognition & Perception

How are Westerner artists different in the way they portray the world?

they paint horizons much lower and
people much larger

Analytic thinking

focus on objects & their attributes,
-Western cultures

Holistic thinking

focus on the relations among objects and surrounding contexts
-Eastern cultures

East Asians use thematic categorization strategy based on...

causal, temporal, or spatial relationships

Major difference in Eastern and Western though can be seen in...


The analytic style of Westerners tied to...

education and independence

Rorschach ink blots

Americans look at one aspect of card
Chinese-Americans give "whole-card" response

field independence

can separate objects from their background fields

field dependence

tend to view objects as bound to their backgrounds


extremely quick eye movements that shift people's gaze from one fixation point to another

Fundamental Attribution error

we assume that people's behavior reflects their underlying dispositions, even when we know they were required to behave in a certain way

Naive dialecticism

acceptance of contradiction

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