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Terms in this set (16)
Slippery Slope definition
A fallacy that assumes that taking a first step will lead to subsequent steps that cannot be prevented
moving the goalposts definition
after failing to refute the initial argument, the opponent creates a new argument
Appeal to Authority Definition
seeks to persuade not by giving evidence but by appealing to the respect people have for a famous person or institution.
bandwagon fallacy definition
error of assuming that a claim is correct just because many people believe it
Slippery Slope Example
If the government requires vaccines, pretty soon they will be inserting microchips in everyone
Appeal to Authority Example
To support his case that global warming is real, Bob cited the work of a famous marine biologist
straw man fallacy definition
when someone argues that a person holds a view that is not what the other person believes; a distorted version of what the person believes. Instead of attacking the person's actual statement or belief, it is the distorted version that is attacked.
Straw Man Fallacy Example
Tom is the best swimmer at Midtown High School and mentions that the team shouldn't be rude to members of the Eastside team. Jim accuses Tom of not supporting Midtown, and suggests that Tom give up his role as captain.
Band Wagon Example
Since everyone else is vaping these days, you should consider doing so also.
Appeal to Emotion Definition
manipulating an emotional response in place of a valid or compelling argument
Appeal to Emotion Example
1 out of 5 children who have cancer don't survive. Give to St. Luke's children's hospital today.
Appeal to Emotion with use of disgust
Broccoli is the smelliest vegetable on earth. No senior citizen should have to eat that. We should ban broccoli from the nursing home menu.
Loaded Question Fallacy Definition
Asking a question that had a presumption built into it so that it cannot be answered without appearing guilty. Some people call this a "trick question.
Loaded Question Example
In which class does the teacher do the worst job engaging her students? (creates assumption that the teacher does not engage students in at least one class)
Personal Incredulity Fallacy
asserts that a proposition must be false because it contradicts one's personal expectations or beliefs, or is difficult to imagine.
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