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67 terms

AT Kingdoms Test

STUDY
PLAY
bacteria
-prokaryotic
-single celled
-both consumers and producers
-some move and some don't
eubacteria
a diverse group, larger of the two bacteria kingdoms
cyanobacteria
provide food and oxygen for aquatic life; however an overabundance of cyanobacteria produces a bloom, which can be harmful to aquatic life.
consumer bacteria
most bacteria fall in this catagorey
gram positive
a way to classify eubacteria, they are consumers, have thick cell walls and turn purple when stained
gram negative
a way to classify eubacteria, they are consumers, have thin cell walls and turn pink when stained
archaebacteria
produce their own food and are commonly called blue-green bacteria; some, however, may be yellow, black, or red in color. divided into groups according to where they live and how they get energy.
-live in salty (Extreme Halophiles), acidic (thermoacidophiles), or very hot (thermoacidophiles) climates
Antonie van Leeuwenhook
discovered bacteria in the 17th century
flagella
whip-like tails that help bacteria move
bacilli
rod shaped bacteria
cocci
sphere shaped bacteria
spirilla
spiral shaped bacteria
fission
simplest form of asexual reproduction, most bacteria reproduce this way
aerobes
organisms that do need oxygen to survive
anaerobes
organisms that do not need oxygen to survive
human health
bacteria are a neccesary part of it
vitamin K
a vitamin that some bacteria produce
saprophytes
use dead organisms as food and energy sources, thus recycling nutrients for use by other organisms.
bioremdiation
bacteria can be used to clean up enviormental pollutants with this system
bacteria
useful in
-food industry
-make medications
pathogens
bacteria that cause disease
pasterization
process of limited heating, can kill most harmful bacteria in food
vaccines
made from dead or weak bacteria
help prevent sickness
nitrogen-fixing bacteria
type of bacteria in pea plant roots that benefits the plant
protists
-eukaryotic
-single and many celled (mostly single celled except for algae)
-both consumers and producers
-some move others don't
plant-like protists
-commonly called algae
-are aquatic
-one and many celled
ex: kelp, diatoms, euglena
Importance:
-start food chains
-make oxygen
-used in human products
animal-like protists
-consumers
-protozoa is there common name
-mostly aquatic
Moves by use of:
-Cillia
-Flagella
-Pseudopods
ex: paramecium, amobea
Importance:
-major part of food chain
-causes illnesses
fungus-like protists
-consumers
-decomposers
-no common name
-mostly single celled
-live in moist conditions
-slime and water molds, downy mildew
Importance:
-illnesses
-crops
-decomposers
-eat dead things
fungi
-eukaryotic
-single and multi-celled
-consumers
-do not move
spores
must land on food source or fungus does not survive
lichen
mutalistic relationship between cyanobacteria or algae and fungi
fungi
live in or on living organisms and are called parasites
fungi
break down dead and decaying tissues and are called saprophytes
plants
-eukaryotic (with cell wall)
-many celled
-producer
-do not move
green algae
plants probably evolved from this
500 MYA
the aproximate time land plants started to show up
135 MYA
the aproximate time flowering plants showed up
cuticle
a waxy layer that keeps in water
cellulose
gives support to plants
seed
waterproof ____ coat or fruit
vascular plants
have tubelike structures that carry water, nutrients, and other substances throughout the plant
nonvascular plants
do not have tubelike structures that carry water, nutrients, and other substances throughout the plant
cartenoids and chlorophyll
show that plants probobly had a common ancester
plants
some are:
nonvascular which are
seedless such as
mosses
plants
some are:
vascular which can be
seedless such as
ferns
plants
some are:
vascular which can be
seed plants such as
trees
seedless-vascular plants
Structure: long tube-like cells
General Size: 1-2m (horse tails)
Human Usage: peat and house plants
Ex: horse tails
gymnosperms
seeds are not protected
ex: brittle cone pine tree
conifers
angiosperms
seeds are protected by fruits or flowers
monocot
angiosperms
flowers: flower parts in multiples of three
leaves: narrow and long
vascular bundles: scattered
seeds: one cotyledon
ex: corn, rice, wheat, barely
diocots
angiosperms
flowers: parts in multiples of 4 or 5
leaves: network of veins in leaves
vascular bundles: bundles occur in rings
seeds: two cotyledons
ex: peanuts, oranges
rhizoids
threadlike roots of nonvascular plants that absorb and distribute water directly through their cells
stomata
Allow carbon dioxide, water, and oxygen to enter and exit the leaf
xylem
tissues that are made up of hollow, tubular cells that are stacked one on top of the other to form a structure called a vessel
phloem
is a plant tissue also made up of tubular cells that are stacked to form structures called tubes
cambium
tissue that produces most of the new xylem and phloem cells
tropism
plant response to water gravity or sunlight
animals
-eukaryotic
-many-celled
-consumer
-move
570 MYA
first animals appeared
420 MYA
first land animals appeared
herbivores
eat plants
carnivores
eat meat
omnivores
eat both plants and meat
invertebrates
-no backbone
-1.45 million species fit into the invertebrates
-most animals
-as simple as sponges as complex as insects
vertebrates
-have backbones
-only 50,000 species
-fish
-amphibions
-reptiles
-birds
-mammals (4,500 species)
producer
makes its own food
consumer
has to eat to survive