Gestalt Therapy - Corey Chapter 8
Theories and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy
Terms in this set (50)
The process of attending to and observing one's own sensing, thinking, feelings, and actions; paying attention to the flowing nature of one's present-centered experience.
Blocks to energy
Paying attention to where energy is located, how it is used, and how it can be blocked. (defense mechanism)
A disturbance in which the sense of the boundary between self and environment is lost
An invitation for the client to become aware of discrepancies between verbal and nonverbal expressions, between feelings and actions, or between thoughts and feelings.
The process connection with one's environment and with other people without losing one's sense of individuality. Done by seeing, hearing, smelling, touching, and moving.
Continuum of Awareness
Staying with the moment to moment flow of experiencing, which leads individuals to discover how they are functioning in the world.
avoiding authentic contact and awareness by being vague and indirectlly using distraction.
A split in which a person experiences or sees opposing forces; a polarity (weak/strong, dependence/independent)
The Gestalt approach does not interpret and analyse dreams. Instead, the intent is to bring dreams back to life and relive them as though they were happening now.
entails practice of therapy being informed by understanding the role of emotion in psychotherapeutic change.
A role-playing intervention in which clients play conflicting parts. This typically consists of clients engaging in an imaginary dialogue between different sides of themselves.
Ready-made techniques that are sometimes used to make something happen in a therapy session or to achieve a goal.
Procedures aimed at encouraging spontaneity and inventiveness by bringing the possibilities for action directly into the therapy session. Experiments are designed to enhance here-and-now awareness. They are activities clients try out as a way of testing new ways of thinking, feeling, and behaving.
organism must be seen in it's environment, or in its context, as part of the constant changing field.
aspects of the individual's experience that are most salient at any moment. not ground.
Describes how the individual organizes the environment from moment to moment and how the emerging focus of attention is on what is figural.
Those aspects of the individual's experience that tend to be out of awareness or in the background. not field.
Attending to a client's thoughts, feelings, behaviors, body, and dreams.
point where you are stuck.
A quality or attribute of another (like values/attitudes) is unconsciously internalized as if they were your own.
In order to grow, we must accept the good and reject the bad, within the environment
Paradoxical theory of change
A theoretical position that authentic change occurs more from being who we are than from trying to be who we are not.
Attributing (disowning) one's own thoughts, feelings, or motives to another.
Relational Gestalt Therapy
A supportive, kind, and compassionate style that emphasizes dialogue in the therapeutic relationship, rather than the confrontational style of Fritz Perls.
doing to oneself what one would like to do to someone else.
Exercises or interventions that are often used to bring about action or interaction, sometimes with a prescribed outcome in mind.
Unexpressed feelings or unresolved issues from the past interfere with the present experience.
Gestalt Therapy Goals
To assist clients in gaining awareness of moment to moment, experiencing and to expand the capacity to make choices, to foster integration of the self
Gestalt Therapy Philosophy
Person strives for wholeness and integration of thinking, feeling, and behaving. Concepts include contact with self and others, contact boundaries and awareness. Experiential approach, grounded in here and now and emphasizes awareness, personal choice and respnsibility
Every moment we are phased with two factors that try to disturb the balance external (demands of environment) and internal (needs).
means whole or completion.
Therapist Function and Role Gestalt Therapy
Therapists pays attention to non verbal messages/body language/tone of voice
Clients Experience in Gestalt Therapy
dialogue, interpretation is done by the client and formal diagnosis is not typically done.
Through a therapist asking what and how questions, clients are assisted in noticing what is occurring in the present moment.
The process of connecting to or separating from others or the environment.
bodily sensations off limits (restricted). They maybe challenged, changed or reinforced.
values we hold that are resistance to changing. They maybe challenged, changed or reinforced.
events and behaviors that occur frequently and routinely without much thought or challenge. They maybe challenged, changed or reinforced.
behaviors learned early in life. They maybe challenged, changed or reinforced.
contact boundary disturbances
when contact boundaries are broken which results in resistance to contact. Effects present experiences.
Discovery, Accommodation, and Assimilation
Process of therapeutic change and growth.
converting questions to statements
this technique helps clients acknowledge their own beliefs and feelings and take responsibility for them by making statements instead of questions.
Using personal pronouns
take responsibility by saying I or me.
"And I take responsibility for it."
playing the projection
technique where client is asked to play out a particular quality they don't like in someone else.
making the rounds
gestalt technique in which one member of the group is asked to either speak or do something with every other group member.
gestalt technique where client is asked to act out more intensively and expansively a particular behavior and to focus more attention on what that behavior feels like.
may i feed you a sentence?
gestalt technique to help clients verbalize feelings when they are struggling by being given a statement that they will repeat themselves.
staying with the feeling
gestalt technique that encourages the client to continue with the feeling that is being reported, instead of blocking or avoiding them.
the reversal technique
gestalt technique - selecting a personality trait, and then assume the opposite characteristic as fully as possible.