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Rest and Comfort
Terms in this set (62)
Discomfort identified by sudden onset and relatively short duration, mild to severe intensity, and steady decrease in intensity over several days or weeks.
Behavior of overwhelming involvement with obtaining and using a drug for other than approved medical reasons.
Drugs used to enhance the analgesic efficacy of opioids, treat concurrent symptoms that exacerbate pain, and provide independent analgesia for specific types of pain.
Afferent pain pathway
Ascending spinal cord.
Pain due to a stimulus that does not normally evoke pain.
Measurement of physiological responses that yields information about the relationship between the mind and body and helps clients learn how to manipulate these responses through mental activity.
Endogenous mechanism capable of measuring time in a living organism.
Teeth grinding during sleep.
Phenomenon in which increasing doses of a medication above a certain level does not result in increased analgesic effect.
Chronic acute pain
Discomfort that occurs almost daily over a long period (months or years) and that has a high probability of ending; also known as progressive pain.
Chronic nonmalignant pain
Discomfort that occurs almost daily, has been present for at least 6 months, and ranges in intensity from mild to severe; also known as chronic benign pain.
Chronic persistent pain
Discomfort that is persistent, nearly constant, and long lasting (6 months or longer); recurrent pain that produces significant negative changes in a person's life.
Science of studying biorhythms.
Biorhythms that cycle on a daily basis.
Acute abdominal pain.
Technique used to achieve relaxation by activating the endogenous opioid and monoamine analgesia systems.
Discomfort caused by stimulation of the cutaneous nerve endings in the skin.
Technique of focusing attention on stimuli other than pain.
Efferent pain pathway
Descending spinal cord.
Group of opiate-like substances produced naturally by the brain; these substances raise the pain threshold, produce sedation and euphoria, and promote a sense of well-being.
Theory that proposes that the cognitive, sensory, emotional, and physiological components of the body can act together to block an individual's perception of pain.
Extreme sensitivity to pain.
Alteration in sleep pattern characterized by excessive sleep, especially in the daytime.
Relaxation technique in which the individual uses the imagination to visualize a pleasant, soothing image.
Chronic inability to sleep; inadequate quality of sleep.
Discomfort resulting when the blood supply of an area is restricted or obstructed.
Type of pain that is typically described as piercing or stabbing.
Mixed agonist antagonist
Compound that blocks opioid effects on one receptor type while producing opioid effects on a second receptor type.
The changing of pain impulses
Myofascial pain syndromes
Group of muscle disorders characterized by pain, muscle spasm, tenderness, stiffness, and limited motion.
Sleep alteration characterized by sudden uncontrollable urges to fall asleep during the daytime.
Paroxysmal pain that extends along the course of one or more nerves.
Discomfort from damage to portions of the peripheral or central nervous system.
Process by which an individual becomes aware of pain.
Receptive neurons for painful sensations.
State in which an individual experiences and reports the presence of physical discomfort; may range in intensity from uncomfortable sensation to severe discomfort.
Level of intensity at which pain becomes appreciable or perceptible.
Level of intensity or duration of pain that a person is willing to endure.
Sleep alteration resulting from activation of physiological systems at inappropriate times during the sleep-wake cycle.
Abnormal sensation such as burning, prickling, or tingling.
Device that allows the client to control the delivery of IV or subcutaneous pain medication in a safe, effective manner through a programmable pump.
Pain impulse transmitted to the cortex is interpreted by the brain, making the person aware of the intensity, location, and quality of pain.
Phantom limb pain
Neuropathic pain in which pain sensations are referred to an area or limb that has been amputated.
Reaction of the body to abrupt discontinuation of a medication; also known as withdrawal syndrome.
Progressive muscle relaxation
Stress management technique involving the tensing and relaxation of muscles.
Recurrent acute pain
Discomfort marked by cycles of repetitive pain episodes that alternate with pain-free intervals; this pain may recur over a prolonged period or throughout a person's lifetime.
Discomfort from the internal organs that is felt in another area of the body.
Technique of monitoring negative thoughts and replacing them with positive ones.
Methods used to decrease anxiety and muscle tension.
State of relaxation and calmness, both mental and physical.
State of altered consciousness during which an individual experiences fluctuations in level of consciousness, minimal physical activity, and a general slowing of the body's physiological processes.
A syndrome in which breathing periodically ceases during sleep; often associated with heavy snoring.
Sequence of sleep that begins with the four stages of non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep in order, with a return to stage 3, then 2, then passage into the first rapid eye movement (REM) stage.
Prolonged inadequate quality and quantity of sleep.
Nonlocalized discomfort originating in tendons, ligaments, and nerves.
Phenomenon of requiring larger and larger doses of an analgesic to achieve the same level of pain relief.
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
Method of applying minute amounts of electrical stimulation to large-diameter nerve fibers via electrodes placed on the skin.
The changing of noxious stimuli in sensory nerve endings to energy impulses.
Movement of impulses from site of origin to the brain.
Hypersensitive point in a muscle, ligament, fascia, or joint capsule that, when stimulated, causes a local twitch or jump response.
Discomfort felt in the internal organs.
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