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Immunocompromised patients

increased risk for bacterial, fungal, parasitic and viral infections from both endogenous and exogenous (like Lizzette)

standard precautions

measures to prevent exposure to blood or body fluids that may spread disease, Combination of universal precautions and body substance isolation (gloves, masks, gowns, etc) techniques that apply to all clients in a hospital, includes dedicated care equipment : stethoscope, thermometer & sphygmomanometer.


Bacteria that grows only in the presance of oxygen

Describe the accepted techniques of preparation for disinfection & sterilization

Cleaning: The removal of foreign materials such as soil organic material 4rm objects......Disinfection: Destroys microoorganisms not spored......Sterilization: kills microorganisms and spores.

2 types of sterilization

theres physical- process that uses heat and radiation and than theres Chemicals which uses iodine, alchol and bleach

age-related considertions in preventing the transmission of disease

promote carful oral hygeine and dental care....Teach how to wash hands before food preparations, observe skin for impairment

airborne precautions

illness suspended in air. use with TB, measles, chickenpox, - PPE needed n95 mask, gloves, and gown

medical asespsis

clean technique: techniques that inhibit the growth & spread of pathogenic microorganisms...example hand washing, changing pts beds

surgical asepsis

destruction of organisms before they enter the body.... Sterile object touching sterile object, any object that enters body/penetrates skin (wound, injections, caths, IVs) must be sterile,

what is the infection process

infectious agent, reservoir, exit route, method of transmission, entrance, and host

Infectious agent

bacteria, virus, fungi example bugs, germs


where it grows

exit route

to get rid of the infection through , how the microorganisms excape from their original reservoir and moves about, secretions, feces, blood,urine


how it enters the body...mouth, skin. mucus membane


the carrier (another person)

what is the normal defence against infection?

skin, mouth, respitory tracy, urinary tract, GI tract

what is CDC and their recommendations

Centers for disease control and prevention and their recommendation are handwashing, gloves, mask, (eye protection, face shield) and gown

contact precautions

Ilness transmitted by direct contact, example respitory, skin, wound infections, hepatitis A... must wear gloves and a gown

Techniques of infection control

sterilization: method used to kill all microorganisms including spores (physical and chemical)

Disinfection used to destroy microorganisms but does not destroy spores


non living objects example computers, stethoscopes, scissors, books..anthing the patient touches all day


any agent (person or animal or microorganism) that carries and transmits a disease


a substance that destroys micro-organisms that carry disease without harming body tissues


something that grows fast or rapidly progressive condtion

droplet precautions

protection from diseases transmitted by large droplets; surgical mask worn when within 3 ft of client; proper hand hygiene; gloves, respirator ( strep, pneumonia, influenza) PPE regualar mask, gown, gloves


microorganisms are carried about and transported to another host

where should surgical aseptic be used?

operating room. labor and delivery, diagnostic areas, patients bedside such as iv cathrization, surgical incisions, burns

what are the types of precautions

standard, airborne, droplet, contact and immunocmpromised pts

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