BLET State Exam Study Cards

Terms in this set (111)

If officers have probable cause to believe there is evidence of crime in the vehicle, the may search anywhere in the vehicle where the evidence could be located, including the truck (must be in public place).

A search warrant (or consent or an emergency) is required before searching a vehicle within the cartilage of the owner's home.

Officers may order the driver and passengers either to remain in or move out of the vehicle with or without suspicion that such persons are a threat.

An arrest of an occupant of a vehicle gives officers the automatic right to search the passenger compartment of the vehicle incident to arrest only if the arrested person is unsecured and within reaching distance of the passenger compartment, or the officer reasonably believes there is evidence in the vehicle relevant to the crime for which the person is being arrested.
During the search of the passenger compartment, officers may discover illegal items which in turn may lead to probable cause to believe that additional evidence may be discovered in the trunk. If so, officers may search the trunk at the scene of the stop without a warrant. This is known as the vehicle exception to the Fourth Amendment's warrant requirement.
If, after a lawful stop, officers develop reasonable suspicion to believe that an occupant of the vehicle poses a threat to the safety of the officers, officers may frisk the passenger compartment of the vehicle. Such a frisk may extend to any area or container in the passenger compartment that could contain a weapon. Search of an impounded vehicle must be done in accordance with the impoundment and inventory procedures of the law enforcement agency.