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Christian Ethics Test 2
Terms in this set (92)
What are the 3 main stages of moral development?
pre-conventional, conventional, post-conventional
What are the subcategories of the pre-conventional stage?
(self) fear of punishment, promise of reward
What are subcategories of the conventional stage?
(conformity) peer pressure-->pleasing others, it's the law-->it's my duty
What are the subcategories of the post-conventional stage?
(concern for others) human rights and ethical principles, the Golden Rule
When did Hitler become chancellor
in January 1933
When did FDR become president?
in January 1933
When was Dachau established?
In March 1933
moral decision making involving awareness that there is right and wrong, a process of discernment, and finally, judgment
awareness of oneself and one's surroundings
3 dimensions of conscience
awareness that there is right and wrong, developing awareness, judgment we make about right and wrong
when a person does not employ a process of conscientious decision making, therefore, a "lazy conscience"
when a person follows a process of conscientious decision making but unwittingly makes a wrong decision
a conscience that is educated and developed through constant use and examination
the Hebrew word for sin that literally means "to miss"; comes from the old Testament; indicates a desire to live according to God's Will but failing in some of our attempts to do so
the Greek word for sin that literally means "falling short"; comes from the New Testament; essentially equivalent to Hebrew word for sin
sin leads to death
3 elements of sin
object, intention, circumstances
In moral decision making, the specific thing--an act, word, or thought--that is being chosen
the intended outcome or goal of the person choosing the object when making a moral decision
the specific conditions or facts affecting a moral decision; can increase or decrease the goodness or evil of an action
sin of commission
A sin that is the direct result of a freely chosen thought, word, or deed
sin of omission
a sin that is the result of a failure to do something required by God's moral law; complicity and white lies
an attitude of not getting involved, not caring, not acting when action is called for
recognition of the social dimension of sin, both in its causes and in its effects; the collective effect of many personal sins over time, which corrupts society and its institutions by creating "structures of sin"
7 principles/conditions of a just war
ALL 7 MUST BE REQUIRED FOR A WAR TO BE CONSIDERED MORALLY "JUST"; just cause, competent authority, comparative justice, right intention, last resort, probability of success, proportionality
the proposition that if 2 nations possess the ability to inflict serious damage on each other, then neither nation is likely to use its nuclear weapons in the first place
any increase in the number of nations that possess nuclear weapons or that have the capability to build them
one who for moral or religious reasons is opposed to serving in the military
selective conscientious objector
one who for moral or religious reasons is oppsed to serving in the military during a particular war
conflict-resolving techniques that do not rely on the physical or psychological injury of an opponent
an Austrian conscientious objector during WWII; sentenced to death and executed; declared a martyr and beatified by the Catholic Church
lawyer who didn't aapprove of Henry VIII's actions; refused to sign an oath supporting Henry, and was found guilty of treason and beheaded
led a variety of protest actions to draw attention to the suffering of migrant farmworkers in California and elsewhere; fought against the use of cancer-causing pesticides in the growing of fruit and against other dangers faced by farmworkers.
signed by Branch Ricke in 1947 as the first African American to play major league baseball; rickey acted as the conscience of the nation by going against commonly accepted beliefs of the time, reminding the country that racial discrimination is always wrong
a social scientist who began trying to determine whether or not there were basic patterns to moral growth similar to the patterns of physical, intellectual, and emotional growth; eventually came up with a theory of development that was interested in not what his students decided but why they decided that
a colleague of Kohlberg that said that Kohlberg's theory only works on boys; girls focus more on everyone getting along than being true to abstract moral principles
When did Germany accept the Versailles Treaty?
When did "Mein Kampf" get published?
When is the freedom of speech assembly anointed and suspended by nazi gov?
When were the Gestapo and SS established and Dachau built?
When was the boycott of Jewish businesses
books by jews, political nazi enemies, and other undesireables are burned in huge rallies throughout Ger
when is the reich concordat signed with the Vatican?
When is the forced sterilization of "inferior" races?
When is the Confessing Church organized at Barmen, Germany along with the Barmen Declaration
When are the Nuremberg Laws passed?
When are the Olympic games held in Berlin, Germany?
When did Pope Pius XI issued the encyclical "With Burning Concern"?
When was Kristallnacht?
When did Eugenio Pacelli become Pope Pius XII?
When dd Hitler invade Poland and start WWII
September 1, 1939
When did Hermann Goering authorize Reinhard Heydrich to find a "Final Solution"?
When did Auschwitz, Belzec, and Sobobor all become fully operational death camps?
When was Sophie Scholl and the rest of the White Rose arrested?
When did Heinrich Himmler order the complete liquidation of all Jewish ghettos in Poland?
When was D Day?
When was Dietrich Bonheoffer executed for treason?
When did Adolf Hitler commit suicidee?
When did the Nuremberg Trials of Nazi war criminals begin?
When is Adolf Hitler born in Austria?
When did the Armistice which ended WWI get signed
the Deutsche Christen policy of excluding those with "Jewish blood"; would prevent non-aryans from becoming minister or a religious teacher
largest of the Nazi death camps in Poland; over 1 mil Jews murdered there
statement of the Confessing Church that opposed Nazi-supposed Deutsche Christen aand aryan paragraph; also rejected subordination of Church and state; only "one Word of God whom we have to jeat?
mostly wrote Barmen Declaration
resisting group of Christians formed, chiefly out of Prot churches; "must trust and obey Christ"; reject Deutsche Christen "truths"
official church that affirmed Hitler as a new Messiah and accepted anti-Semitism
to differ in feeling or opinion, disagree, particulary by the NAzis
nomadic roma or sinti people; persecuted by Nazis
The rights one has because one is a human being. These rights include the right to life, to freedom and to human dignity, all protected by the United Nations' Universal Declaration on Human Rights (1948).
A Nazi term for "Jew-free"
Racial laws, passed in the fall of 1935 in Germany, which stripped Jews of their political and civil rights by making them non-citizens
organized terroristic acitivity of one group against another involving widespread destruction of property and sometimes the rounding up or even maassacre of victims
"Security Police"; ran concentration and death camps ; aka black shirts; imposed ideological control in the name of the central regime
A hooked cross that became the official symbol of the Nazi Party. Originally an ancient religious symbol, the swastika is still used by neo-Nazi groups.
Nazi term for Germany and the Nazi-occupied territories in Europe from 1933-1945. Nazi propaganda stated that there would be a Nazi dominated 1000 year Reich that would control the world.
six-pointed star of David is the Jewish symbol that forced all Jews above 6 to wear thos and make them visible
A highly lethal cyanide-based pesticide in gaseous form, used as an instrument for extermination in the gas chambers.
Never joined Hitler youth and participated in Ger's war as a medic; became active member of white rose in 1942; recruit youth in other cities around Ger, outside of Munich; he and sis Annelise were sentenced to death for treason in 1943
studdied medicine after military service; put together white rose's first 4 anti-nazi leaflets with hans; painted words such as "Down with Hitler" on house walls in munich; executed at 25 with prof Kurt huber
sophie's fiancee who serves on eastern front; not in favor of war but feels its duty to serve (stage 4)
Sophies close friend and Hans gf
magdalena and rob scholl
sophie and hans parents; rob was liberal democrat ad critic of nazis; co-founded "All-German People's Party" after war
interrogator of sophie; tried to save sophie's ;ife
prominent and notorious nazi judge; died bc allies bombed courtroom
ger minister and theologian, one of few church leaders who stood in courageous opposition to Hitler; delivered a radio address attacking him
Drafted barmen dec nd believed God is revealed in the cross of Jesus challenges and overthrows any attempt to ally God with human cultures, achievements, or possessions
ger and anti-nazi theologian and lutheraan pastor; one founder of confessing church; published "Christ is My Fuhrer"; imprisoned in Dachau for this
Adolf's propaganda minister' was chancellor for one day after hitler died
political and spiritual indian independence leader; perfector of Satyagraha (soul force); mass civil disobedience; bonhoeffer planned to visit him
chief of police for all german states; ss got autonomous status so heinrich could directly control Ger society for Hitler
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